Presentation on theme: "Bellringer Place your signed syllabus and info sheet in the Homework Bin under the lectern (the big black thing) You have 8 minutes to, on your own piece."— Presentation transcript:
Bellringer Place your signed syllabus and info sheet in the Homework Bin under the lectern (the big black thing) You have 8 minutes to, on your own piece of paper, draw a map of the world that includes the following locations: Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, England/Great Britain, France, Spain, Russia, China, Japan, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, India, United States, Mexico, Brazil, South Africa, Egypt, and Nigeria. BJOTD: Why do fish swim in saltwater?
Objectives The Students will know: The 5 major religions of the world The Students will understand: Respecting and understanding peoples’ beliefs is crucial to respecting and understanding people. The Students will be able to: Identify the locations of the world's major religions Identify the major beliefs of the world's major religions Locate selected countries of the world on a map.
Major Religions of the World in 1500 CE
Hinduism Monotheistic—worship many forms of one god But kind of polytheistic—many gods with different characteristics Founder=none Text(s)= Vedas, Upanishads Location= India and parts of SE Asia
Hinduism Main Beliefs: Reincarnation based on your karma Goal: achieve oneness with Brahman through the accumulation of good karma
Buddhism Monotheistic? Depends! Theravada Buddhists believe that Buddha is NOT a god—he is just a man who achieved Enlightenment Mahayana Buddhists believe that Buddha was divine and a savior Founder=Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) Spread=by Asoka and his missionaries from India to China and other parts of Asia Texts=various
Location= North and East Asia Main Beliefs= Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path lead to Nirvana You need to sacrifice bad thoughts/words/deeds in order to reach Enlightenment
Judaism Monotheistic=Yahweh Religious Leader/Founder= Abraham Text=Torah (Old Testament) Written records and beliefs of Jews Major beliefs God gave the 10 Commandments to the Jews as a guide to their moral and religious conduct Location=Israel, Europe, North America
Christianity Monotheistic=God, the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) Founder=Jesus of Nazareth Text=Bible Main Beliefs Jesus was God’s son and the Messiah (savior) You must follow God’s teachings to enter Heaven Location=North and South America, Europe, parts of Asia and Africa
Islam Monotheistic—”Allah” Founder=Muhammad, the prophet Text= the Qur’an Sects=Sunni and Shi’a (Shi’ite) Religious Cities=Mecca and Medina
Main Beliefs=Follow the prophet’s teachings and the Five Pillars Alms, fasting, prayer, pilgrimage, faith Location Middle East, Africa, Asia