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Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS TURKISH ECONOMY IN THE WORLD 15.12.2013-İEGY1."— Presentation transcript:



3 GEOGRAPHICAL ADVANTAGES OF TURKEY Area of km km of coastline, surrounded by sea on three sides: by the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean to the south and the Aegean Sea to the west. A unique geographical location as a gateway to European, Middle Eastern, North African and Central Asian markets. In four hours of flight from Istanbul, one can reach more than 50 countries and a quarter of the world population. A political and economic attraction center for the neighbouring geographies, with its strategical location

4 DEMOGRAPHIC ADVANTAGES OF TURKEY A huge and growing market 73,7 million population (2010) Young, dynamic and well-trained population. * 61% of the population is under the age of 34. (Approximately 45 million) * Average Age: 28,8 * 500 thousand university graduates every year. * 24,7 million of the population is actively employed. * The 5th biggest labor power, if ranked among the EU member countries

5 TURKEY IN THE WORLD ECONOMY (GDP based on purchasing power parity, Trillion Dollars, 2009)

6 TURKEY IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIES (GDP based on purchasing power parity, Trillion Dollars, 2009)

7 TURKEY AND G-20 Turkey is a G-20 member, the Super League of world economies, established in This membership gives Turkey the opportunity to express its views and suggestions for the solution of international economic and financial problems and strengthens its profile. It is an important platform for sharing views on global economy with the other leading actors. As a by-product of our pro-active foreign policy, we are not solely focusing on our agenda, but also trying to reflect the views of other actors not represented in G


9 GDP PER CAPITA (Short Term Targets)

10 DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT Distribution of Employment by Economic Sectors (%)

11 FOREIGN TRADE Exports Annual estimate as of February 2011 Source: TURKSTAT

12 FOREIGN TRADE Main Export Destinations of Turkey Main Export Markets Billion $ Germany 11,4 UK 7,2 Italy 6,5 Iraq 6 France 6

13 FOREIGN TRADE Short Term Targets

14 FOREIGN TRADE Imports Annual estimate as of February 2011 Source: TURKSTAT

15 FOREIGN TRADE Main Import Countries Main Import Countries Billion $ Russia 21,6 Germany 17,5 China 17,2 USA 12,3 Italy 10,2

16 BILATERAL TRADE WITH THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES (Global Downturn Period -Billion $) Greece 3,58 2,76 3 Bulgaria 4 2,5 3,2 Georgia 1,52 1,05 1 Azerbaijan 2,6 2,15 2,41 Iran 10,2 5,43 10,7 Iraq 15,2 6 7,4 Syria 1,75 1,75 2,

17 TURKISH INDUSTRY Automobile and Household Goods Turkey ranks 16th in the world production of motor vehicles. Turkey is the leading bus manufacturer and 3rd largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in Europe. Around 75% of the automative and auto parts industry exports are delivered to the EU countries. During the last 4 years, ship-building capacity of Turkey has grown 3 times. Turkey ranks 7th in world ship exports. In the production of household goods, Turkey has a prominant reputation. It ranks 8th in world exports of refrigerators, 6th in washing machines and 14th in dishwashing machines. Most of the domestic appliances production is exported to the EU

18 TURKISH INDUSTRY Defence Industry In the year 2011, 1 billion $ of exports is expected.

19 TURKISH INDUSTRY Textiles and Clothing Turkey ranks 7th in the world cotton production. There are more than 35 thousand textile and clothing companies in Turkey. Turkey ranks 4th in knitted clothing, 8th in woven clothing, 3rd in socks and stockings and 8th in leather wear exports. 80% of the textile products are exported to the EU countries. Turkey is one of the major producers of organic & ecologic textile products.

20 FOREIGN INVESTMENTS With its population of more than 73 million, its dynamic and open-market economy, competitive industry and the Customs Union with the EU for more than 15 years, Turkey is an attractive country for foreign investors. With its high performance, Turkey is steadily heading for an annual GDP of 1 trillion dollars. During the last 8 years, the total inflow of foreign direct investments has reached to 93,6 billion dollars. According to IMF and OECD reports/projections, Turkey is among the most rapidly growing economies in 2010 and


22 INTERNATIONAL COMPANIES IN TURKEY As of February 2011, the number of international companies operating in Turkey was Top 3 countries according to the country of origin of international companies: Germany (4411), UK (2272) and the Netherlands (1894). International companies operating in Turkey are mostly focused on wholesale and retail, manufacturing, real estate, chemical industry, textile and food production. Top 4 cities hosting international companies in Turkey: -İstanbul (14810) -Antalya (3258) -Ankara (1748) -İzmir (1560)

23 PRIVATIZATION Privatization has been among the top priorities on the agenda in line with Turkeys target of creating a truly competitive market economy. The involvement and participation of international investors is highly encouraged in the massive privatization program. The main philosophy of privatization is to confine the role of the state to areas such as health, basic education, social security, national defense and large scale infrastructure investments. Turkey is listed among the top 25 OECD countries that has gained the most out of its privatization program

24 PRIVATIZATION-II Privatization Implementations* (Billion USD) (*) figures include privatizations done by Privatization Administration, Savings Deposit Insurance Fund of Turkey and Ministry of Transportation.


26 GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF TURKEY II Growth Rates of Turkey in the last decade (GDP) ,8% ,7% ,2% ,3% ,4% ,4% ,9% ,7% ,7% ,7% ,9%

27 GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF TURKEY-III (Comparison with OECD Countries) D ö nemi OECD Ü lkeleri Yıllık Ortalama Reel GSYİH B ü y ü me Tahminleri (%) According to OECD, Turkey is expected to be the fastest growing economy among OECD members during , with an annual average growth rate of 6.7 percent. Annual Average Real GDP Growth (%) Forecast in OECD Countries


29 TURKEYS IMPORTANCE IN THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR Turkey is the leading country in its region in the construction sector. It is the main manufacturer of cement in Europe. Among cement manufacturers in the world, Turkey ranks 4 th. Turkey also ranks 10th in steel production. As of the end of 2010, Turkish construction sector has attained 188 billion dollars worth of contracts in 89 countries, from Balkans to Central Asia, from Russia to the Middle East and Africa. On an annual basis it has an average business capacity of 20 billion $ (The target for 2011 is 30 billion$, for billion $). According to the Top 225 International Contractors" list of Engineering News Record magazine, Turkey is the second country in the world with 33 outstanding firms (2010)

30 TURKISH BANKING SECTOR-I Turkey has already completed deep-rooted reforms in the banking sector as of Thanks to these reforms, the banks in Turkey have not suffered from the global crisis; on the contrary they have increased their profits. Turkish banks have branches and offices in 14 countries (USA, Germany, Bahrain, Bulgaria, China, Georgia, Iraq, UK, TRNC, Luxemburg, Malta, Pakistan, Russia, Greece). There are 41 representations of foreign banks in Turkey (Switzerland 8, Germany 6, the Netherlands 6, USA 4, France 3, UK 4, Spain 2, Italy 2, Qatar, UAE, Belgium, India, Canada, Japan 1)

31 TURKISH BANKING SECTOR-II Source. BDDK (Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency)

32 TOURISM One of the top 10 tourism destinations across the globe. Ranked 7th in terms of visiting tourists and 8th in terms of tourism revenues in the world. The main visitors are German, Russian and British tourists. Achieved 2,8 % increase in both 2009 and 2010 in the number of foreign visitors, despite the adverse effects of the global crisis. It possesses not only the infrastructure for seaside tourism, but also for health, culture, faith, congress, sports, hunting and archaeological tourism

33 TOURISM (2010) In 2010, 28,6 million foreign tourists visited Turkey. 2,8% increase as compared to Percentage of tourists in 2010: German 15.3% Russian 10.85% British 9.3% (Other most visiting tourists ; Iranian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Dutch, French, Syrian and Italian)

34 HEALTH TOURISM Receiving nearly 60 thousand visitors for health tourism, generating an approximate annual income of 1 billion $. Turkey is the 1st in Europe and 7th in the world in terms of thermal sources. Modern and very competitive private health centers. Low costs in health services. Qualified and experienced staff in the health sector

35 TOURISM FIGURES (Past 10 Years) Tourist arrivals and revenues (last 10 years) InternationalRevenues Visitors (millions)(billion $) , , , , , , , , , ,

36 TRANSPORTATION Turkey has a unique and strategic location as part of both Europe and Asia km of two-lane highways. The target is to increase it to 22,500 km by the end of new motorway projects to be built by the year 2023, the total length of which will be 4,773 kilometers. Marmaray Project will connect Europe and Asia by railway under the Bosphorus

37 TURKISH AIRLINES Fastest growing airline company in Europe. In terms of destination diversity; 8th airline company in the world, 3rd in Europe. In terms of profits, 6th biggest airline company in the world. 131 international; 41 domestic destinations (in total 172). In new international destinations were inaugurated: (Accra, Bologna, Dar-es Salaam, Entebbe, Nakhcivan, Podgorica, Sochi, Washington D.C.) In additional international destinations will be established: (Malaga, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Toulouse, Manila, Naples, Turin, Genova) Sponsorship to world-famous trademarks (F.C.Barcelona, Manchester United, Euroleague)

38 TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Turkeys R&D expenditures rose to 0.85% of GDP in The target is 2%. The number of technoparks reached 39 in firms are active in these parks, the added value of which amounts to 540 million $ in Turkish exports. Between 2003 and 2009, domestic intellectual property right applications and licensing increased five-fold

39 TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Utmost importance attached to investments in information and communication technologies. A growing market of 30 billion US Dollars, constituting 4 % of GDP Turkish software market recorded a growth rate of % 100 in recent years and reached the level of 2 billion US Dollars as of Over 68 million mobile phone subscriptions, 37 million wideband Internet users. Well educated engineers and specialised personnel in technology and IT fields


41 AGRICULTURE Turkey is the 8th biggest power in terms of agricultural production (Annual produce value of up to billion $). One of the most important producer and exporter countries of the region. Produces more than 150 agricultural products. The total amount of fruits and vegetables produced is 42 million tonnes. Exports to 177 countries. Thanks to her diverse geography & climate; Turkey is: - 1 in terms of hazelnut, fig, quince, cherry, fresh and dried apricot production, - 3 in terms of pistachio production, - 5 in terms of tea and olive oil production in the world

42 TURKEYS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE Official development assisstance has exceeded 3,4 billion US Dollars in the last 5 years (79,7 % TİKA, 8,7 % National Ministry of Education). The total development assistance has reached 7,1 billion dollars (offical+NGOs). Year Official Assistance NGOs assistance Total (million $) (million $) (million $) , , , , , na --- Source: TİKA

43 TURKEYS OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE(2010) Official development assistance (2010) 966,82 million $ Distribution 53,51% The Caucasus and Central Asia 24,17% The Middle East 15,18% Europe 4,04% Africa 2,48% Other Top three countries with biggest share (2010): 134,49 million $ Pakistan 107,32 million $ Afghanistan 83,81 million $ Kazakhstan Source: TİKA 43

44 NEW ECONOMIC EVOLUTIONS Mutual elimination of visa requirements (Libya, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Albania, Tajikistan, Serbia, Russia, Yemen) High Level Strategic Cooperation mechanisms with Syria and Iraq, signing of numerous agreements in various fields, Quadruple Cooperation Mechanism among Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. Development Assistance and TİKA Offices (26 coordination offices in 23 countries). Developing transportation network with regional countries (new railroad connections, enlargement of road transport network, advances in maritime cooperation, increased airline connections, THY as the 3rd biggest airline company), New embassies in Africa

45 CHALLENGES IN THE ECONOMY-I Trade imbalance : 69,9 billion $ (2008) 38,8 billion $ (2009) 71,6 billion $ (2010) Unemployment : 11% (2008) 14% (2009) 11,9% (2010) Current Account Deficit : 42 billion $ (2008) (5,7%of GDP) 14 billion $ (2009) (2,3% of GDP 48,6 billion $ (2010) (6,5% of GDP) Source: TURKSTAT, Treasury

46 CHALLENGES IN THE ECONOMY-II Gross External Debt : 290,4 billion $ in 2010 Public Sector : 88,9 billion $ Private Sector : 189,6 billion $ Central Bank : 11,8 billion $ Long Term : 211,7 billion $ Short Term : 78,6 billion $ Gross External Debt/GDP : 37,8% (2008) 43,6% (2009) 39,5% (2010) Source: Treasury

47 2023 TARGETS Targets for the century-old Republic in 2023: - to be among the top ten economies of the world, - to reach a trade volume of 1 trillion Dollars, - to surpass 500 million US dollars in exports, - to attain 2 trillion dollars GDP, - to increase GDP per capita to 25,000 $, - to create 10 brands of global fame, - to meet one thirds of its power generation from renewable energy sources, - to reach a capacity to host 50 million foreign tourists annually

48 2023 TARGETS Further macroeconomic targets for 2023: - to employ 30 million of the population actively, - to decrease unemployment rate to 5 %, - to include every citizen in the social security system, - to decrease infant mortality rates to one-digit numbers, - to complete all regional development projects in order to make Turkey one of the foremost global grain producers, - to double the overall length of railroad network up to 22,000 km with new high-speed railroad lines, - to add 15,000 km double-lane motorways to the road network, - to construct at least three nuclear power plants, - the total energy consumption per capita to exceed kWh, - to further advance in aeronautics, satellite and defence technologies


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