Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Religion, Communism, and Science as Conceptual Systems Stuart Umpleby The George Washington University www.gwu.edu/~umpleby.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Religion, Communism, and Science as Conceptual Systems Stuart Umpleby The George Washington University www.gwu.edu/~umpleby."— Presentation transcript:

1 Religion, Communism, and Science as Conceptual Systems Stuart Umpleby The George Washington University

2 The role of conceptual systems in controlling society People seek to control society by inventing ideas which are then enforced by institutions Religion was an early means of social control Saying that rules of behavior come from God gives them more authority

3 Catholic Church and Com. Party God Jesus Christ Pope Vatican College of Cardinals Priests Bible Marx & Engels V.I. Lenin Gen. Sec. of CP Kremlin Supreme Soviet Members of CP Das Kapital and Communist Manifesto

4 Catholic Church and Com. Party Adherence to Doctrine Excommunication Spread the faith Loyalty to Com. Party Exile in Siberia Spread Communism

5 What ideas are included? The beliefs in a religion depend on the circumstances at the time the religion was created In Protestantism a priest is not necessary as a mediator between God and man because Protestantism was created at a time when people were disillusioned with corruption in the Catholic Church

6 What ideas are included? Christianity arose within a well-established state, the Roman Empire. Islam arose in a region and a time when governments were not well-organized. Hence, Islam includes beliefs about appropriate government as well as beliefs about spirituality and individual behavior

7 Religion vs. Science Source of authority is God To reject the will of God risks eternal damnation Source of authority is experiment and the judgment of peers Rejecting scientific norms risks rejection by the scientific community

8 Religion vs. Science Religious doctrine can be changed only by the Pope or the College of Cardinals There is a strong desire to preserve the beliefs of the past Scientific theories can be changed by creative scientists whose ideas are accepted by the community of scientists There is a strong desire to create better theories

9 How science and democracy are different from religion In religions differences of opinion are resolved by those in authority In religion the goal is to preserve the good things of the past In science differences of opinion are resolved by doing experiments In democracy differences of opinion are resolved by voting In science and democracy the goal is to create the future

10 A lecture for the University of Washington’s Center for Comparative Religious Studies Presented at the Institute for Islamic Studies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan November 12, 2004


Download ppt "Religion, Communism, and Science as Conceptual Systems Stuart Umpleby The George Washington University www.gwu.edu/~umpleby."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google