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BONES OF THE THORACIC LIMB 陳建榮

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Presentation on theme: "BONES OF THE THORACIC LIMB 陳建榮"— Presentation transcript:

1 BONES OF THE THORACIC LIMB 陳建榮 http://web.nchu.edu.tw/pweb/index2.php?pid=75&menu=2#

2 Thoracic limb Shoulder girdle Scapula Arm Forearm Forepaw

3 Clavicle Clavicular intersection or tendon ( 鎖骨中間腱 )

4 Scapula Medial or costal surface Cranial border Scapular notch 肩胛切跡 Suprascapular a. and n. Neck 肩胛頸 Dorsal border Caudal border Ventral angle Caudal angle Cranial angle

5 Scapula Lateral surface Spine 肩胛棘 Acromion 肩峰 Deltoideus m. Glenoid cavity 肩臼 supraglenoid tubercle ( 肩臼上結節 ) - Biceps brachii m. Supraspinous fossa 棘上窩 Supraspinatus m. Infraspinous fossa 棘下窩 Infraspinatus m.

6 Scapula Subscapular fossa 棘下窩 Subscapularis m. Coracoid process 喙突 Coracobrachialis m. Supraglenoid tubercle 肩臼上結節 Biceps brachii m. Infraglenoid tubercle 肩臼下結節 Teres minor m.

7 Scapula

8 Humerus Head 肱骨頭 Greater tubercle 大結節 Supraspinatus m. Lesser tubercle 小結節 Subscapularis m. Intertubercular groove 結節間溝 Biceps brachii m. Neck 肱骨頸 Anatomical neck Surgical neck

9 Humerus Deltoid tuberosity 三角肌粗隆 Tricipital line 三頭肌線 Lateral head of triceps brachii m. Tuberosity of the teres minor 小圓肌粗隆 Tuberosity of the teres major 大圓肌粗隆 Brachialis groove 肱肌溝

10 Humerus Humeral Condyle 肱骨髁 Trochlea 滑車 Capitulum 肱骨小頭 Radial fossa 橈骨窩 Supra-trochlear foramen 滑車上孔 Anconeal process of ulna

11 Humerus Olecranon fossa 橈骨窩 Lateral epicondyle 外上髁 Craniolateral antebrachial muscles Medial epicondyle 內上髁 Caudal antebrachial muscles Lateral supracondylar crest 外側髁上脊 Medial supracondylar crest 內側髁上脊

12 Elbow joint

13 Radius and ulna Interosseous space 骨間空隙 Radius Groove for abductor digita I longus ( 長拇指外展肌 ) Groove for extensor carpi radilis ( 橈腕伸肌 ) Groove for extensor digitals communis ( 總指伸肌 )

14 Radius Capitulum 小頭 Fovea capitis 頭小窩 Radial tuberosity 橈骨粗隆 Briceps brachii m. Brachialis m. Trochlea 滑車 Ulnar notch 尺骨切跡 Styloid process 莖狀突

15 Ulna Olecranon 鷹嘴 Olecranon tuber 鷹嘴結節 Anconeal process 肘突 Supratrochlea foramen Trochlear notch 滑車切跡 Medial coronoid process 內喙狀突 Lateral coronoid process 外喙狀突 Annular lig. Radial notch 橈骨切跡 Ulnar tuberosity 尺骨粗隆 Briceps brachii m. Brachialis m. Styloid process 莖狀突 Anconeal process Olecranon tuber

16 Radius and ulna

17 Elbow joint

18 Radius and ulna

19 Carpal bones Proximal carpal bones radial carpal bone ulnar carpal bone Sesamoid bone 種子骨 (accessory carpal bone) Distal carpal bones

20 Carpal bones

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22 Metacarpal bones

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24 Phalanges 14 digital bones 5 Proximal digital bones 4 Middle digital bones 5 Distal digital bones Proximal sesamoid bone 近端種子骨 Dorsal sesamoid bone 背側種子骨

25 Phalanges

26 Distal digital bone Ungual crest 蹄脊 Extensor process 伸肌突 m. extensor digitorum communis Flexor tubercle 屈肌結節 m. flexor digitorum profundus Ungual process 蹄突 Ungual crestFlexor tubercle Ungual process Extensor process


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