Presentation on theme: "United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Education and Gender Equality Interim Report on Achieving the Millennium Development Goal of Universal."— Presentation transcript:
United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Education and Gender Equality Interim Report on Achieving the Millennium Development Goal of Universal Primary Education
Millennium Development Goals Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4 Reduce child mortality Goal 5 Improve maternal health Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Millennium Development Goals Overall UN Strategy Millennium Campaign: Mobilizing political support for the MDGs through locally-led national campaigns. Millennium Project: Setting targets, recommending strategies and developing an implementation plan that will allow all developing countries to meet the MDGs by n n Commissioned by Secretary General Kofi Annan, 10 independent Task Forces were convened to generate recommendations to achieve the MDGs. Led by Jeffrey Sachs, Director of The Earth Institute, Columbia University. MDG Country Reporting: Evaluating countries’ progress toward the MDGs through periodic national reports. Country Operations: Coordinating UN agencies’ activities to help countries implement policies to achieve the MDGs.
Task Force on Education and Gender Equality Goals: Achieve universal primary education by 2015 n n Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. Promote gender equality and empower women n n Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than Coordinators: n n Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development n n Geeta Rao Gupta, President, International Center for Research on Women n n Amina Ibrahim, Education for All Coordinator, Ministry of Education, Nigeria.
Task Force 3 on Education and Gender Equality Members Charles Abani Carmen Barroso Nancy Birdsall Mayra Buvinic Winnie Byanima Jennifer Chiwela Christopher Colclough Diane Elson Tamara Fox Geeta Rao Gupta Carolyn Hannan Noeleen Heyzer Amina Ibrahim Ruth Kagia Michael Kremer Lin Lean Lim Nora Lustig Karen Mason Arlene Mitchell Penina Mlama Mary Joy Pigozzi Magaly Pineda Anastasia Posadskaya Paulo Renato Souza Gita Sen Fatou Sow Gorgui Sow Gene Sperling Albert Tuijnman Cream Wright
Task Force 3 on Education and Gender Equality Perspective Making current systems bigger will not be enough Transformational actions are needed to Make sure schooling --> education Address gender inequality in education Educate vulnerable and marginalized children
Task Force Messages 1- Mothers Matter Most 2- A Little Education Isn’t Enough 3- Parents, and Other Citizens, Have the Right to Know 4- More Money, Better Spent 5- Focus on the Hardest-to-Reach 6- Think Holistically
Mothers Matter Most Message One: Mothers Matter Most Sustained progress toward universal primary education requires actions to improve the status of girls and women. Educated mothers have more resources and use them to send children to school. Women are 20 times more likely (than men) to spend money on the health and education of their children. Mothers who are more educated tend to have children who perform better in school, and remain in school longer. In Latin America, a 15-year-old child whose mother has some secondary schooling will remain in school for 2 to 3 more years than a child of a mother with less than 4 years of education.
A Little Education Isn’t Enough Message Two: A Little Education Isn’t Enough The benefits of education endure only after a critical level of schooling has been attained. Up to 9 years (basic education) provides the level of education required to generate individual, family and society- wide benefits. Completion of at least 5 to 6 years is needed for mastery of basic competencies. Higher levels of education generate key health and economic benefits particularly in more gender-stratified and unequal societies. Post-primary education of girls is critical for lowering fertility and mortality, and improving reproductive health outcomes (including AIDS prevention). The world faces the largest-ever cohort of adolescents. Dead-end schooling dampens demand at the earliest grades.
Parents, and Other Citizens, Have the Right to Know Message Three: Parents, and Other Citizens, Have the Right to Know Improving local, national and international accountability through better information generation and sharing is fundamental to better education. Local: Core set of information about school resources and performance to permit parents to hold schools and government accountable. National: Planning data on school supply and performance; household demand; and labor market. International: Trends in the education sector; policies, resources and performance; and assessment of development aid effectiveness.
More Money, Better Spent Message Four: More Money, Better Spent Significant additional resources are critical, but not sufficient, to reach universal basic education. Between $7 billion and $15 billion per year are required to put every child in a good primary school. Recurrent costs, rather than capital investments, represent the bulk of required funds. About 55% of the external gap is for recurrent costs and only 45% for capital investments. External financing requirements for poor countries are likely to be somewhere between $2-6 billion per year. More spending doesn’t always lead to better performance. Additional funding alone will not rescue failing systems from poor governance and management. A review of 15 cross-country analyses show no consistent relationships between resources and performance. More spending doesn’t always lead to better performance. Management, effective resource allocation, demand-side factors are critical parts of the equation.
Focus on the Hardest-to-Reach Message Five: Focus on the Hardest-to-Reach Reaching out-of-school children will take special efforts, beyond what is typically thought of as “scaling up.” Specific interventions are needed to make schools accessible and secure for this population: Elimination of school fees Conditional cash transfer programs School feeding programs School health programs Sensitizing schools to girls’ needs
Think Holistically Message Six: Think Holistically For education to reach its potential to contribute to economic growth, it needs to be accompanied by sound, broad-based economic reform. Education will lead to economic growth and women’s empowerment only if the economic context is favorable. Job opportunities for skilled workers Investments need to be complemented by policies to improve: Governance Investment climate Labor market incentives
Funding by donors, connected to action by governments Recommendation 1: Funding by donors, connected to action by governments Donors should commit to a dedicated facility with a starting balance of at least $1 billion. To be drawn down and replenished to fund education sector plans under the Fast Track Initiative.
Expanded funding for post-primary education Recommendation 2: Expanded funding for post-primary education The Fund should cover basic education in countries that qualify, to keep adolescents in school and increase the likelihood that parents and children will be motivated to complete primary school.
Strong monitoring of progress in implementing changes and improving education system performance Recommendation 3: Strong monitoring of progress in implementing changes and improving education system performance Assist recipient countries to implement systems that provide relevant information about education spending and outcomes. Focus on parents’ information needs. Expand indicators of education system performance, and strengthen the capacity of statistical agencies within developing countries to collect and analyze data of adequate quality for decision making (UNESCO’s UIS).
Strong monitoring of donor funding and practices Recommendation 4: Strong monitoring of donor funding and practices Donors should commit to a common framework of transparent annual monitoring and reporting on commitments, disbursements and harmonization. This can be done through the FTI, in the case of countries included in the initiative, and through the OECD’s DAC more broadly.
In addition to annual FTI funding, donors should provide funding for cash or other transfers to poor households contingent on children's attendance at school. These programs ideally would be developed and managed by governments, but where that is not possible, could be developed and managed by donors as long as governments agreed. Other interventions that should be eligible for funding: School feeding programs, particularly where under-nutrition and food security issues are prevalent. Girls’ scholarship programs, particularly where discrimination against girls predominates, and/or the opportunity cost of girls’ participation in post-primary education is a significant demand-side constraint. Support for innovative, demand-side interventions Recommendation 5: Support for innovative, demand-side interventions
Genuine evaluation to learn what works Recommendation 6: Genuine evaluation to learn what works A minimum of 5% of resources for basic education should be applied to evaluation programs that use sound methodologies, and guarantee dissemination of findings. Create an independent facility for funding and bringing visibility to the results of rigorous impact evaluation. An independent facility would: Contribute to the "global public good" of knowledge. Reduce tension between implementation and evaluation, which hampers evaluation initiatives within the donor agencies. Have the ability to disseminate evaluation findings and make available evaluation data.
What priority should we give to adult literacy programs? Consultation Question: What priority should we give to adult literacy programs? Does literacy acquired later in life have a similar effect on future generations as does early education of girls? Should this be a top priority?
What priority should be given to post-primary education? Consultation Question: What priority should be given to post-primary education? Investments in post-primary education could create an unaffordable burden on donor and domestic resources and take away from primary education resources.
What information should be made available to whom? Consultation Question: What information should be made available to whom? What information do all parents and citizens need? What are some examples of information that has been made available to parents and citizens and what was the effect that it had?