Presentation on theme: "EXISTENTIALISM. What is Existentialism? Def: A philosophical attitude that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible."— Presentation transcript:
What is Existentialism? Def: A philosophical attitude that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices
SOREN KIERKEGAARD (1813-1855) Considered the first existential philosopher “Leap of faith” method There is not enough evidence necessary for faith—one must simply go on faith alone “Doubt is conquered by faith, just as it is faith which has brought doubt into the world.” One could conclude that Christian doctrines are true, but if they only agreed with likelihood then they are not truly religious because true belief requires true faith
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (1905-1980) Existence precedes essence There is no Creator Because there is no Creator, there cannot be essence (think soul) before our existence It is our duty to create our own essence through our own actions
ALBERT CAMUS (1913-1960) Did not consider himself an existential, rather, an absurdist His theories and beliefs on absurdity are outlined in The Myth of Sisyphus Absurdity ignores rather than hopes
THE STRANGER (L’ETRANGER) Themes: The universe is irrational Life is meaningless Physical sensation Influences: Atheism Absurdism Nihilism
TEACHING THE STRANGER (L’ESTRANGER) Why is this a good idea for teenagers? As they are preparing to go out in the world, they must begin to consider themselves citizens of the world What are their responsibilities as global citizens? Who is affected by their actions? Do they operate singularly in the world, or do their actions have meaning? Essay question: What makes your life meaningful? What gives it this meaning?
EXISTENTIALISM LEADS TO AUTHENTIC EDUCATION Man’s Search for Meaning – Viktor Frankl (1967) Meaning is found through horror Without meaning, life is a prison With meaning, any experience (bad or good) becomes the foundation for a more enriched life