2 Latinos and Native Americans Seek Equality Section 1Latinos and Native Americans Seek Equality
3 1. Which two minority groups also faced discrimination in the United States? During the 1960’s the Latino population in the United States grew from 3 million to 9 millionNative AmericansWherever they settled during the 1960’s, they encountered prejudice and discrimination in jobs andhousing.
4 In 1965, when California's grape growers refused to recognize 2. What did Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee do to get grape growers to recognize their union?In 1962, Cesar Chavez, established the United Farm Workers Organizing CommitteeChávez and his fellow organizers insisted that California's large fruit and vegetable companies accept their union as the bargaining agent for the farm workers.In 1965, when California's grapegrowers refused to recognizethe union, Chávez sent farm workersacross the country to convincesupermarkets and shoppers to boycottCalifornia grapes.
5 3. What rights did the League of United Latin American Citizens win in the 40’s and 50’s? The League of United Latin American Citizens fought segregation and other forms of discriminationIn the 1940s and into the 1950s, LULAC had filed lawsuits to desegregate schools throughout the Southwest, and in 1954, they helped win Mexican Americans the right to serve on juries.
6 In 1972, Congress passed the Indian Education Act. 4. What was the name of the Native American rights organization that fought for their rights?Many young Native Americans were dissatisfied with the slow pace of reform. Their discontent fueled the growth of the American Indian Movement (AIM), an often militant Native American rights organization.Because of AIM, Congress made some reforms on behalf of Native Americans.In 1972, Congress passed the Indian Education Act.In 1975, it passed the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. These laws gave tribes greater control over their ownaffairs and over their children'seducation
7 5. What did Native Americans win from the government? Armed with copies of old land treaties that the U.S. government had broken, Native Americans went to federal court and regained some of their rights to land.Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Native Americans won settlements that provided legal recognition of their tribal lands as well as financial compensation.
8 Women Fight For Equality Section 2Women Fight For Equality
9 6. While not a minority, what other group faced discrimination in the 1960’s? While the 1960s and the early 1970s saw a wave of activism from the nation's minority groups, another group of Americans also pushed for changes. Women, while not a minority group, were in many ways treated like second-class citizens, and many joined together to demand equal treatment in society.
10 Women Fight for Equality 7. What book written by Betty Friedan explained why women were not happy?Women Fight for EqualityIn 1957, Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique, that explained why women weren’t happy.Many women believed in feminism and felt that they should have economic, political and social equality with men.In the 60’s, many jobs were notavailable to women. The jobsthat they did have paid lessthan men.Betty Friedan
11 Leaders of the Feminist Movement 8. Who was Gloria Steinem?Leaders of the Feminist MovementIn1966, Betty Friedan and others formed the National Organization for Women that confronted the conditions which prevent women from enjoying the equality of opportunity.Gloria Steinem, a journalist,political activist help found theNational Women’s politicalCaucus and startedMS. Magazine which discussedcontemporary issues from afeminist perspective.Gloria Steinem
12 The Equal Rights Amendment 9. What amendment would have guaranteed men and women the same rights?The Equal Rights AmendmentIn 1972, Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment which would guarantee that both men and women would enjoy thesame rights andprotections underthe law.
13 The New Right Emerges Phyllis Schlafly 10. What group fought to stop the ERA from passing?The New Right EmergesThe Amendment scared many people and the “STOP ERA” campaign was launched.To combat the ERA and thePro-abortion supporters,conservatives built whatthey considered aPro-family movement.The New Right led byPhyllis Schlafly fought tostop the ERA andprevented it from beingratified by the states.Phyllis Schlafly
14 Culture and Counterculture Section 3Culture and Counterculture
15 11. Who made up the counterculture? A movement made up mostly of white, middle class, college youths who had grown disillusioned with the war in Vietnam and injustices in America during the 1960s.Instead of challenging thesystem, they turned theirback on traditional Americaand tried establish a wholenew society based on Peaceand Love.
16 12. What was known as the hippie capital in the 1960’s Hippie CultureSometimes known as the Age of Aquarius, it was marked by rock and roll music, outrageous clothing, sexual freedoms, and illegal drugs.By the mid 60’s, Haight-Ashbury inSan Francisco was knownas the Hippie Capitalbecause California did notoutlaw hallucinogenic drugsuntil 1966.
17 The Beatles and Woodstock 13. What was the name of the outdoor musical festival that attracted thousands of teenagers?The Beatles and WoodstockHelped propel rock music into mainstream America.Made up of four youthsfrom working class Liverpool,England.One example of rock and roll’spopularity occurred in August1969 on a farm in upstateNew York. More than 400,000showed for a free music festivalcalled Woodstock.
18 14. By the end of the 60’s, what happened to many hippies? Decline of the HippiesUrban communes eventually turned seedy and dangerous.They fell apart over who would “cook and washthe dishes and pay the bills.”By the end of the 60’sthousands of Hippiescollected welfare andbecame dependent on thevery society they had oncerejected.
19 15. What is the legacy of the counterculture? Lasting LegacyEven though the angry response of mainstream, conservative America would propel Nixon into the White House and set the nation on a more conservative course, the CountercultureMovement would eventually lead a great many Americans having more liberalattitudes about dress andappearance, lifestyleand social behavior.