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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology Trifid Nebula Joe Lach.

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Presentation on theme: "Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology Trifid Nebula Joe Lach."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology Trifid Nebula Joe Lach

2 Hydrogen Production Recent worldwide production of hydrogen from different sources: SourceAmountPercent (billions N cubic meters/year) 1.Natural gas Oil Coal Electrolysis204 Total

3 Hydrogen Production Electrolysis 8.

4 Hydrogen Production Indium-tin oxide = ITO (photon absorbent) Solar Energy conversion

5 Hydrogen Production Production from Methane This process is highly endothermic and will sometimes produce CO as a toxic byproduct. 2.

6 Summary of Fuel Cell Characteristics Energy Used(MJ/MJproduct) Efficiency per Stage (%) GHG Emissions (gCeq/MJproduct) Costs of fuel (US$(2001)/GJ) Gasoline Crude Oil Refining Distribution Other (Methane Leakage)0.7 Total Diesel Crude Oil Refining Distribution Other (Methane Leakage)0.5 Total Hydroge n Piped Natural Gas Electricity Input Production and Compression Other (Methane Leakage)2 Total

7 Basic Outline of Hydrogen Power Key feature: Electrolyte Membrane 1. Poly-perfluorosulphonic acid (PEM) 2. Potassium Hydroxide (AFC) 3. Molten Lithium Potassium (MCFC) 4. Sulfuric Acid (PAFC) 7.

8 “The Stack” 80 C o Normal Operating Conditions 3 barr Platinum Anode and Cathode PEM a.k.a. Proton Exchange Membrane 9.

9 Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles 1.

10 Hindenburg Tanker Truck in Maryland Raw Elemental Explosions 10.

11 Conclusions Right now Hydrogen is: 1. Financially costly 2. Within itself environmentally sound but a danger to produce in large quantities 3. Difficult to produce without burning more fossil fuels 4. A good and efficient fuel for motor vehicles and well as household power needs 5. Simply another biological process made to industrial scale

12 Life cycle assessment of hydrogen fuel cell and gasoline vehicles International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 31, Issue 3, March 2006, Pages Mikhail Granovskii, Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A Rosen Hydrogen synthesis via combustion of fuel-rich natural gas/air mixtures at elevated pressure International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 30, Issue 8, July 2005, Pages B. Lemke, C. Roodhouse, N. Glumac and H. Krier Production of hydrogen by thermal decomposition of methane in a fluidized- bed reactor—Effects of catalyst, temperature, and residence time International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 31, Issue 4, March 2006, Pages Alan M. Dunker, Sudarshan Kumar and Patricia A. Mulawa A new approach to utilize Hydrogen as a safe fuel International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 30, Issues 13-14, October-November 2005, Pages H.K. Abdel-Aal, M. Sadik, M. Bassyouni and M. Shalabi Future fuel cell and internal combustion engine automobile technologies: A 25- year life cycle and fleet impact assessment Science Direct, Sept. 2004, Elsevier Ltd., A. Schafer, J.B. Heywood and M.A. Weiss Works Cited


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