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Enzyme catalyzing Nitrogen Fixation in Bacteria Root nodules on legumes.

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Presentation on theme: "Enzyme catalyzing Nitrogen Fixation in Bacteria Root nodules on legumes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enzyme catalyzing Nitrogen Fixation in Bacteria Root nodules on legumes

2 Nitrogenase is the enzyme found in a variety of bacteria, some of them symbiotic with plants catalyzes the conversion of molecular nitrogen (N 2 ) from the air into ammonia (NH 3 ). It is found in a variety of bacteria, some of them symbiotic with plants.

3 Diversity of N-fixing Bacteria

4 Choosing the sequence to compare Nitrogenase consists of a molybdenum-iron (MoFe) protein and an iron (Fe) protein. The MoFe protein contains 2 alpha protein chains and 2 beta protein chains.

5 Trials and Errors Constructed a phylogenetic tree of the Mo-Fe protein of nitrogenase from published nucleic acid data. Tried to get a more coherent tree by eliminating some of the sequences. Tree still not revealing. Mistake: using nucleotides, switched to amino acid sequences for the alpha and beta chains.

6 Amino Acid sequence Obtained amino acid sequence of alpha and beta subunits of MoFe protein from Azotobacter vinelandii Did an alignment on alpha and beta subunits and found 20.1% identity and, 78% global alignment, suggesting that alpha and beta chains are the product of gene duplication.

7 Crystallographic structure Found crystallographic structure for MoFe protein from A. vinelandii shown on next slide.

8 Structure Explorer - 1M34

9 Gene Duplication in the Mo-Fe Protein of Nitrogenase

10 Figure The nitrogen cycle

11 Figure 37.9 The role of soil bacteria in the nitrogen nutrition of plants (Layer 3)

12 Figure Root nodules on legumes

13 Figure 37.10x Nodules

14 Figure Development of a soybean root nodule

15 Figure Molecular biology of root nodule formation

16 Figure Crop rotation and “green manure”

17 Figure One of the most independent organisms on earth: Cyanobacteria (Anabaena)

18 Figure 27.11x1 Cyanobacteria: Gloeothece (top left), Nostoc (top right), Calothrix (bottom left), Fischerella (bottom right)

19 Figure 27.11x2 A bloom of cyanobacteria

20 Nutrient Deficiencies: Agricultural Importance Nitrogen deficiency

21 Figure 54.9 Nutrient addition experiments in a Hudson Bay salt marsh

22 Figure 27.8 Specialized membranes of prokaryotes


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