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Welding LEMMONS Arc Welding – fusing two or more pieces of metal together using heat from an electric arc Advantages of Arc Welding Quick repairs Cheap.

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Presentation on theme: "Welding LEMMONS Arc Welding – fusing two or more pieces of metal together using heat from an electric arc Advantages of Arc Welding Quick repairs Cheap."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Welding LEMMONS

3 Arc Welding – fusing two or more pieces of metal together using heat from an electric arc Advantages of Arc Welding Quick repairs Cheap to operate Arc welder has other uses(cutting, gouging, beveling)

4 Types of Welding Machines I. ARC WELDER A. AC Welder SMAW(Shielded Metal Arc Welding) Plugs into any 240 volt outlet Uses AC current Runs up to 225 amps

5 1.Advantages –Low cost –Easy to maintain Flow –50% heat at electrode –50 % heat at work

6 B. DC Reverse Current (DC+) Deeper penetration Higher possible amps

7 2/3 rd heat at work 1/3 rd heat at electrode C. DC Straight Current (DC-) Shallow penetration Lower amps Flatter bead 2/3 rd heat at electrode 1/3 rd heat at work

8 AC/DC Welders Combines all three processes into one machine Gasoline Driven Machines

9 AC/DC welding machine powered by a gas or diesel engine Portable AC generator power to run other tools II. MIG(Metallic Inert Gas)

10 1.Other names hardwire, short arc, GMAW(Gas Metal Arc Welding), wire machine * Advantages Can be used as an automatic welder Can use flux core wire to eliminate gas No slag Continuous weld

11 III. TIG(Tungsten Inert Gas)

12 1.Other Names GTAW(Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) Heliarc * Advantages Welds are free of slag Produces the strongest weld No splatter Almost all metals can be welded with the TIG process Produce non corrosive welds

13 Selecting a Welder * Factors to consider: Cost Use Select a reliable manufacturer (Lincoln, Miller, ESAB) Guarantee or warranty (90 Days, 1 yr, etc.) Service

14 * Other equipment needed Welding hood Assure proper electrical hookup Pliers Leather gloves Chipping hammer Wire brush Grinder Metal Table

15 Electrodes A. Definition wire, either bare or with flux, used in the welding process B. Types of Electrodes 1. Coated – electrode metal should match base metal. Covered with powder flux.

16 2. Bare- requires excessive heat and is voltage sensitive. It is smoke free. 3. Carbon – special purpose rod for high carbon steel C. Electrode Classification 1. Universal color code and number system

17 Example: E7018 E - electrode 70 - tensile strength in thousands pounds 1} welding position 1 = all position 2 = flat and horizontal 3 = flat only

18 Example:E }current, penetration, flux, etc. numbers range D. Electrode Size Size is determined by the diameter of the bare end of the electrode

19 Examples: 3/32” electrode 36 rods per pound Run at amps 1/8”electrode 17 rods per pound run at amps 5/32” electrode 11 rods per pound Run at amps

20 E. Common Electrodes 6010 – mild steel, DC+ deep penetration 6011 – same as 6010, AC/DC 6013 – AC/DC, quiet, general purpose 7018 – AC/DC+, high carbon steel, iron powder flux

21 Selecting an Electrode ID of base metal Available current Metal thickness Joint design Welding position Environmental conditions Storage Building Code

22 8 Essentials to a Proper Weld Proper electrode Metal preparation Proper amperage Proper electrode angle Proper arc length Correct travel speed Proper curing of finished weld Good connected ground

23 I. Preparing Metal for Welding a. Metal should be cleaned b. Dirty metal is harder to weld and requires more heat c. Clean metal by brushing, filing, sanding, grinding, scraping, sandblasting, chemically

24 d. Metal more than ¼” thick metal should be beveled at 30 degrees and spaced 1/16” apart e. Bevels – one-sided, two-sided, lap, corner

25 II. Amperage a. Too high Flat bead Splatter on bead edge Undercut edges Extremely loud b. Too low high, narrow bead Weak penetration Hard to keep arc going c. Correct Even, steady sound Adequate penetration Uniform in shape

26 III. Electrode Angle A.Flat welds – electrode angle should be 15 degrees to the direction of travel and 90 degrees to each side B.Vertical welds – electrode angle should be on the centerline and angled 30 degrees down

27 IV. Arc Length The distance between the electrode and work Arc length should equal the diameter of the bare end of the electrode

28 V. Travel Speed How fast or slow the electrode moves across the work The bead should remain the same width and height at all times Watch the molten puddle to gauge travel speed

29 Methods of Starting an Arc 1.Scratching - simply drag the electrode across the work, lifting it when arc starts 2.Tapping – tap the electrode to the work, picking it up quickly while maintaining the arc

30 Causes of difficulty starting an arc 1.Flux chipped off end of electrode 2.Flux covering end of electrode 3.Improper amperage(too low) 4.Inadequate ground

31 Electrode movement or patterns 1.Slight arch 2.Straight 3.Circular 4.Zig Zag 5.Horseshoe


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