2 Take Five…In the 1920s, the United States experienced an economic boom due to, among other things, A) the mobilization of the economy for war. B) increased government restrictions on big business. C) installment buying and an unregulated stock market. D) the expansion of civil rights to women and minorities.
12 Plight of the Workers Henry Ford “welfare capitalism” Unionization in the 1920’sThe “American Plan”Working women and minorities“pink-collar” jobsminorities and unionsPhilip Randolph’s Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
22 Arts and Literature “Debunkers” H.L. Mercken Sinclair Lewis F. Scott FitzgeraldEarnest HemingwayHarlem RenaissanceTin Pan AlleyLangston Hughes“Duke” EllingtonBillie HolidayBessie SmithIrving BerlinThe Jazz AgeFlappers
29 Harlem Renaissance Literary movement Social movement “problem of being black in a white culture”Social movementMarcus GarveyUnited Negro Improvement AssociationBack to Africa movementMail fraud—deportment
30 Take Five…Twenty-first Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution was repealed because A) the President vetoed the Amendment. B) women demanded the right to suffrage. C) the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional. D) Congress and the states agreed to repeal it.
31 Traditional values vs. Modern culture ProhibitionUshering in the Gangster EraJohnny TorrioAl Capone “Public Enemy #1”“Big Bill Thompson”"We'll not only reopen places these people have closed, but we'll open 10,000 new ones (speakeasies) in ChicagoSt. Valentine’s Day Massacre (1929)
45 The Great “Bull” Market Wild speculation in the Stock marketBuying stocks “on-margin”Wildcats schemesSelling under-water lots in Florida devastated by hurricanes and advertised as “soothing tropical winds”Secretary of the Treasury-MellonReduced the national debt by $10 million“Spare the rich” policiesHigh taxes discouraged businessEliminating the excess-profits taxes, gift taxes, and income taxes for the rich
46 Democratic PartyAl SmithWilliam McAdooJohn Davis