Presentation on theme: "The New Era: The Roaring 20’s. Take Five… In the 1920s, the United States experienced an economic boom due to, among other things, A) the mobilization."— Presentation transcript:
The New Era: The Roaring 20’s
Take Five… In the 1920s, the United States experienced an economic boom due to, among other things, A) the mobilization of the economy for war. B) increased government restrictions on big business. C) installment buying and an unregulated stock market. D) the expansion of civil rights to women and minorities.
Economic Boom New or Improved Technologies Auto industry Frederick Taylor Ford and GM
Economic Boom The invention of the Radio Mass production Buying on time
Economic boom Commercial Aviation Wright Brothers Charles Lindbergh
Spirit of St. Louis
Economic boom Early computers Genetic research Gregor Mendel Thomas Hunt Morgan
Plight of the Workers Henry Ford “welfare capitalism” Unionization in the 1920’s The “American Plan” Working women and minorities “pink-collar” jobs minorities and unions Philip Randolph’s Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Philip Randolph’s Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
A. Philip Randolph
Plight of the Workers (con’t) Farmers Increased technology Supply & demand McNary-Haugan Bill
New Consumerism Mass production Advertising Bruce Barton Mass communication Mass circulation magazines Movies “Talkies” are introduced The Jazz Singer
Radio broadcasting RadioKDKA National Broadcasting Co.
The New Professional Woman John B. Watson Margaret Sanger National women’s party Alice Paul ERA Sheppard-Towner Act
Arts and Literature “Debunkers” H.L. Mercken Sinclair Lewis F. Scott Fitzgerald Earnest Hemingway Harlem Renaissance Tin Pan Alley Langston Hughes “Duke” Ellington Billie Holiday Bessie Smith Irving Berlin The Jazz Age Flappers
F. Scott Fitzgerald
James Langston Hughes
Harlem Renaissance Literary movement –“problem of being black in a white culture” Social movement –Marcus Garvey United Negro Improvement Association –Back to Africa movement –Mail fraud—deportment
Take Five… Twenty-first Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution was repealed because A) the President vetoed the Amendment. B) women demanded the right to suffrage. C) the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional. D) Congress and the states agreed to repeal it.
Traditional values vs. Modern culture Prohibition Ushering in the Gangster Era Johnny Torrio Al Capone “Public Enemy #1” “Big Bill Thompson” "We'll not only reopen places these people have closed, but we'll open 10,000 new ones (speakeasies) in Chicago St. Valentine’s Day Massacre (1929)
Al Capone’s “Mug-shot” 1931
St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
Take Five…for Pat Points… What conflicts emerged between those with traditional values and those with new modern values? Give 3 examples.
Nativism New immigration restrictions Quota system The National Origins Act of 1924 Nativism Rebirth of the KKK Leo Frank D.W. Griffith The Birth of a Nation
Take Five Which of these periods saw the smallest overall population increase? A) B) C) D)
Religious Modernists vs. Fundamentalists Creation vs. Evolution Scopes “Monkey” Trial
Clarence Darrow & William Jennings Bryan
The Great “Bull” Market Wild speculation in the Stock market –Buying stocks “on-margin” –Wildcats schemes Selling under-water lots in Florida devastated by hurricanes and advertised as “soothing tropical winds” Secretary of the Treasury-Mellon –Reduced the national debt by $10 million –“Spare the rich” policies High taxes discouraged business Eliminating the excess-profits taxes, gift taxes, and income taxes for the rich
Democratic Party Al Smith William McAdoo John Davis
Warren G. Harding
Presidency in the New Era Warren G. Harding ( ) Ohio Gang Scandal in the White House Teapot Dome & Elk Hills Calvin Coolidge ( ) World War I debt Herbert Hoover Herbert Hoover