Presentation on theme: "Development of Political Parties"— Presentation transcript:
1Development of Political Parties Green PartyLibertariansDevelopment of Political PartiesElectionsDemocratsRepublicans
2A Political Party Definition A group of people with broad common interests who organize to win elections, control government, and thereby influence government policies.
3Tasks of Political Parties Pick CandidatesRun CampaignsGive Cues to VotersArticulate PoliciesCoordinate Policymaking
42012 Republican PrimaryThese six men (others had dropped out already) competed in a primary election in every state to determine which one would run against Pres. Obama in the General ElectionClosed Primary states – only Republicans could vote for which Republican candidate they wantedOpen Primary states – either Democrats or Republicans could vote for which candidate they wanted to be the Republican nominee
5One Party Systems Usually authoritarian nations: Cuba China Vietnam North KoreaIran (Theocracy)
6Multi-Party Systems France – 5 major parties Italy – 10 major parties Great Britain – 2 major partiesIsrael – 7 major partiesU.S. – 2 major parties
7Political Parties in U.S. MajorRepublicanDemocraticMinorLibertarianGreenConstitution
9The Republican Party Nickname: The Grand Old Party (The GOP) More conservativeMore business orientedStronger on military issues/national securityPro-Iraq WarPrefer smaller national governmentPromote “family values” (strong morals)Pro-life (anti-abortion)Less likely to support gay rights issuesBusiness and industry trumps environment
10The Republican Party Red States Who traditionally supports the Republican Party?Large businessesWealthier peopleSoutherners who may actually be registered DemocratsConservative religious groupsMilitaryRed States
11The Democratic Party More liberal and/or progressive More diverse (race, ethnicity)More “people” oriented (services)Believe that government can solve problemsComfortable with larger governmentGenerally oppose the Iraq war (at least now)Pro-ChoiceGenerally supports gay rightsConcerned about the environment
12The Democratic Party Blue States Who traditionally supports the Poorer peopleWorking class (unions)MinoritiesHighly educated people (intellectuals)Blue States
27Schedule for Campaigns 2-3 years before election, the candidate is deciding to run and traveling around the country making speeches and drumming up support.2 years before election, the candidate forms a planning committee.1½ years before the election, the candidate formally announces and begins “running”.
28Schedule for Campaigns 1 year before election, primaries begin in New Hampshire and Iowa.6 months before election, each state has its own convention.4 months before election, both parties hold national convention.4 months before election, the “official” campaign season begins.
29Schedule for Campaigns The election finally arrives on 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November. This election actually elects the “electors.”The “electors” cast their votes in December.The “electors” votes are formally counted in late December.The new President takes office in early January.
30How Candidates Are Selected Four waysCaucuses (usually a meeting)Nominating ConventionsPrimary ElectionsPetitions
31How Candidates Are Selected Caucus ProcessA precinct caucus meets, delegates are elected to districtDistrict meeting elects delegates to state conventionState convention elects delegates to national convention
32How Candidates Are Selected Primary ProcessLocal precinct elects “pledged” delegates to district convention.District convention elects delegates to state convention.State convention elects delegates to national convention.
33Primary Elections Direct Primary Election Closed Primary (only party members)Open Primary (all voters)
34The Texas Two-StepPrecinct holds primary election to determine votes for candidates.After polls close (7:00 pm) for local primary election, anyone who voted in the primary can attend the precinct caucus to elect delegates to district convention.
35Primary Elections“Established leaders hate primaries for good reason …Primaries suck up and waste large sums of money from contributors who might better be tapped for the November finals …The charges and counter charges of primary civil war provide the enemy party with ammunition it can later use with blast effect …”Theodore H. White, 1961Presidential Historian
36“Beauty Contests”More than half of states with primaries hold “beauty contests” which are preference polls in which voters indicate which candidate they choose. Caucuses later choose the actual candidate.
37“Beauty Contests”You will see this term on a test and may be asked to explain how it relates to political contests.
38Problems with Primaries Extend over too long a timeToo costlyExhausting for candidatesToo many opportunities for candidates to “stumble”Tend to make the image of candidate (personality and appearance) more important than issues
39Problems with Primaries Normally, few people vote in primariesIf candidates lose early, they “die” politicallySmall states want to be first, secondor thirdLarge states, with later primaries,are left outNational conventions are usually “rubber-stamps”
40Please Note: Last year’s race for the nomination from the Democratic Party was very different and not normal for races in the last 50 years.
41National Conventions Media events Establish Platform Big show for nominating the candidatesSelect the Vice-Presidential candidate