Presentation on theme: "James Earl Carter Democrat Carter’s background… Peanut farmer (Agri-business) A Christian US Naval Academy graduate 1970 Gov. of GA 1976 elected U.S. President."— Presentation transcript:
James Earl Carter Democrat Carter’s background… Peanut farmer (Agri-business) A Christian US Naval Academy graduate 1970 Gov. of GA 1976 elected U.S. President
1976 Presidential Election Carter… Portrayed himself as a “Washington outsider” Portrayed Ford as an extension of the Nixon era Stressed his moral & religious views… An honest man Average guy appeal
Objectives… Summarize Carter’s response to the economic problems of the era. Identify the major reasons for Americans losing faith in the federal government.
What economic problems was Carter facing as President?... Stagflation
Draft Evaders & Deserters The first day in office Carter pardons Vietnam draft evaders Carter did not pardon deserters
Energy Policy Carter believes our economic problems are related to foreign oil dependency The National Energy Act… –Taxed high mileage cars –Tax credits for fuel conservation –Institutes the wind fall profit tax oil companies...taxes the excessive profit made on oil –Tax credits for research & development
July, 1979: The “crisis of confidence” or “malaise speech”… Related to… JFK assassination, Vietnam & Watergate “…. It is a crisis that strikes at the very heart and soul and spirit of our national will. We can see this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation. …threatening to destroy the social and the political fabric of America.” Public backlash against Carter
President Carter & Foreign Policy Objective… Describe the foreign policy issues of the Carter Administration.
Carter’s highest priority …The support of human rights
The Carter Doctrine… The United States would use military force to defend its national interests in the Persian Gulf region.
Menachem Begin - Jimmy Carter - Anwar Al Sadat Israel USA Egypt 1978: The Camp David Talks The Camp David Peace Accords 13 days of negotiations on peace in the Middle East Meetings held at Camp David Results in the Camp David Accords - A peace agreement between Israel and Egypt
Iran Hostage Crisis November 4, 1979 Islamic militants overthrow the Shah of Iran 500 Islamic militants take 66 U.S. citizens hostage… 59 hostages for Ayatollah Khomeini
Iran hostage crisis November 4, 1979 WHY?... –Militant Iranians are seeking an Islamic religious state & resent American interference in Iranian –Carter admits the deposed Shah of Iran to the U.S. for cancer treatment.
Operation Eagle Claw A failed rescue attempt resulting in the deaths of 8 U.S. servicemen.
Iran Hostage Crisis The hostages were released minutes after Reagan took office Carter was defeated in the 1980 election because of the crisis
The 1980 Olympic Boycott In 1979 the Soviets invade Afghanistan Carter issues an ultimatum… Soviet withdraw or U.S. will boycott In 1984 the S.U. boycotts the 1984 L.A. Olympics The results…
Why was Jimmy Carter so popular when he took office? What was President Carter’s priority in foreign affairs? President Carter’s most spectacular foreign-policy achievement was the…
Personal & political short comings of Jimmy Carter… Lacks leadership & political experience Lackluster reforms