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Ford and Carter Administrations 1974-19761976-1980.

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Presentation on theme: "Ford and Carter Administrations 1974-19761976-1980."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ford and Carter Administrations

2 Gerald Ford Only President never Only President never elected to office elected to office Was Ford’s pardon of Nixon good or bad for the nation? (speech) Was Ford’s pardon of Nixon good or bad for the nation? (speech)(speech) Aftermath of Vietnam Aftermath of Vietnam Continued détente Continued détente Helsinki Accords Helsinki Accords Defeated by Jimmy Carter (D) in 1976 elections Defeated by Jimmy Carter (D) in 1976 elections

3 Stagflation Recession AND Inflation High unemployment combined with inflation Started in 1960s; Peaked in 1970s Energy Crisis – Oil Embargo

4 Jimmy Carter ( ) “Washington Outsider” “Washington Outsider” –pros/cons Former navy officer Former navy officer Peanut Farmer Peanut Farmer Governor of Georgia Governor of Georgia Devout Baptist Devout Baptist Focus on human rights and diplomacy, rather than military force Focus on human rights and diplomacy, rather than military force –E.g. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan leads to U.S. boycott of 1980 Olympics in Moscow and withdrawal from SALT II treaty Campaign T-Shirt

5 Carter Administration Achievements: * Human Rights * 1978 Camp David Accords Peace b/w Egypt and Israel Problems Problems: * Energy Crisis Middle East countries (OPEC) raised petroleum prices * Continued Stagflation * Iranian Hostage Crisis

6 Carter’s Downfall Iran-Hostage Crisis Iran-Hostage Crisis  QUESTION: How should Carter have responded?  Historical Context: 1953 CIA coup CIA helped to place Shah Reza Pahlavi back on the throne after Iran attempts to nationalize oil industry EVENTS: Ayatollah Khomeini takes power Islamic Fundamentalist cleric Shah overthrown American embassy is taken with 66 hostages Hostages released hours after Reagan’s Inauguration (444 days)

7 Malaise QUESTION: Explain several events of the 1970s that contributed to the “general feeling of malaise” QUESTION: Explain several events of the 1970s that contributed to the “general feeling of malaise” Watergate Watergate Stagflation Stagflation Energy Crisis Energy Crisis Iran Hostage Crisis Iran Hostage Crisis Three Mile Island Three Mile Island Eroding National Confidence Eroding National Confidence Carter Speech – QUESTION: What impact do you think this speech would have on Americans? On Carter’s popularity? Carter Speech – QUESTION: What impact do you think this speech would have on Americans? On Carter’s popularity? Carter Speech Carter Speech


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