Presentation on theme: "Lesson 94D – Isaiah 1 The Great Arraignment. Isaiah 1 Most scholars agree this is not chronologically the first writing of Isaiah Placed in the front."— Presentation transcript:
Isaiah 1 Most scholars agree this is not chronologically the first writing of Isaiah Placed in the front by Isaiah (or some editor) because of it’s succinct message and overall theme Chapter 1 is almost the “Cliff’s notes” version of the rest of Isaiah Compare to the 1 section of D&C – Also not first revealed to Joseph Smith – Contains similar message of calling the people to repentance
The Great Arraignment What is an arraignment? Wikipedia: “Arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal complaint in the presence of the defendant to inform the defendant of the charges against him or her. In response to arraignment, the accused is expected to enter a plea.” Can be separated into stages: 1.Accusation (v 2-15) – The Lord tells Israel what their sins are 2.Promise of pardon (v16-20) – How they can avoid the long term judgment 3.Sentencing (v21-31) – The Lord will purge the wicked and redeem the righteous
Accusation What is the sin of the House of Israel? Isaiah 1:3 – They do not know their owner (God) Isaiah 1:4 – Not only ignorance, but evil-doing, forsaking, going backward. A willful disobedience. Isaiah 1:5-6 – Their whole body is corrupted, “there is no soundness” (stability)
Isaiah 1:10-15 What is he saying? What are vain oblations? Is the Lord telling the people to stop following the Law of Moses? When else has the Lord rejected offerings? – Cain (Gen 4:5) – King Saul (1 Sam 15:22) What would be the equivalent accusation today? How difficult would this be to hear? v15 – “your hands are full of blood”
Now that Israel has been thoroughly broken down… Isaiah 1:16-18 What are the principles covered here? – “Wash you, and make you clean” (Baptism) – “cease to do evil” (Repentance) – “they shall be as wool” (Forgiveness) v17 – Use your head (earn) and your heart (relieve, plead for) for noble purposes. Compare this to v5. The whole body must be converted to do good.
Sentencing v25-27 – Even with such strong accusation, the Lord is a merciful judge. Israel has already committed the crime, but God will still preserve them if they repent. – Underline the verbs Isaiah uses to describe the Lord saving his people – What is dross? (v22) But, if you don’t repent… v28 v31 – What is tow? (Hint: footnotes) – “they shall both burn together, an none shall quench them – Again the use of fire to purify, sift the righteous from the wicked
How should we respond to the prophet’s call? http://broadcast.lds.org/visual-resources/old- testament/2011-03-061-following-the-prophet-1000k- eng.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/visual-resources/old- testament/2011-03-061-following-the-prophet-1000k- eng.mp4 Henry B. Eyering (April 1997 Conference) “Every time in my life when I have chosen to delay following inspired counsel or decided that I was an exception, I came to know that I had put myself in harm’s way. Every time that I have listened to the counsel of prophets, felt it confirmed in prayer, and then followed it, I have found that I moved toward safety.”
Notebook Ideas How can you make sure your offerings to the Lord are sincere and that you have righteous intent? How do these words of Isaiah help you understand the process of repentance? How does it change your relationship with the Savior?