2Warm up: White Boards Please! True or False? The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country.Long distance movements are directed towards rural farming areas.People in urban areas migrate less than people in urban areas.Males migrate more over short distances females migrate more over long distances.Most migrants are years of age.People MAINLY move for cultural reasons.
10Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration & 1. Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration2. The majority of migrants move a short distance3. Migrants who do move longer distances tend to choose large cities4. Urban residents are less migratory than rural folk5. Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults
12Why do humans move? Other Forced Migrations you may not know Britain to AustraliaNative Americans in the USSoviet Union moving non-Russians to Central Asia and SiberiaJews moving out of Western EuropeVoluntary MigrationMost migrations are voluntary – but they may have been precipitated by bad things
13Millions move across international borders… Most for jobs/better lifeMost people move for $ or €Others because of war, environmental problemsImmigration is causing great pressure on some countries - ChadMore pop. growth due to immigration than natural growth – U.S. is a good exampleRemember – most population growth globally is in Developing World
15Migration Migration – long term location of an individual External and InternalEmigration – out migrationImmigration – in migration
16Migration concepts Distance Decay More accurate perceptions of nearer places than far away places.Farther away from origin one gets, less likely a behavior, activity, interaction will decay or cease.Chain Migration – family member leaves, sends word back, more comeStep Migration – most migrations actually done in segments – that is…Farm Village Town Suburb City
18Migration concepts - continued Intervening Opportunity – immigrant has an intended destination, but does not reach that destination, instead settles somewhere along the wayEXAMPLE – African Americans after WWI migrate seeking work in Detroit, Chicago and Cleveland only to find employment and stay in St. Louis and CincinnatiDetroit – Motown RecordsTourists – visit a place that is cheaper; not like they expectedSnowbirds
20Internal Migration in the US Internal Migration – US E -W and N- S (MAP pages 73 and 85) – what’s wrong on page 73?How can professional sports show us the internal demographic shifts of the last years
28What if the US had only relied on fertility. http://www. susps
29See why elections are changing. http://www. vdare
30Hispanic Migration and Fertility http://forum. skyscraperpage
31Refugee Website Get your smart devices if you got ‘em Define REFUGEE – Define INTERNAL REFUGEE or DISPLACED PERSONDefine INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE or INTERNATIONALLY DISPLACED PERSONChad, Ethiopia, Jordan, Pakistan, Tanzania to see the numbers of refugeesWhat do they have in common?
32What complications can we think about when it comes to immigration? Food supplies and costsSocial services costsConstruction workers and costsWho’s bringing immigrants in?What else encourages immigrants to come?Isn’t this an issue of Supply and Demand?
33PUSH and PULL FACTORS Economic Conditions Political Circumstances Types of Push and Pull Factors – ppEconomic ConditionsPolitical CircumstancesArmed Conflict and Civil WarEnvironmental ConditionsCulture and TraditionsTechnological Advances
34You can’t get there from here What role does distance decay play in migration?Step MigrationIntervening OpportunityChain MigrationReturn or Counter-migration