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MIGRATIO N.  The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country.  Long distance movements are directed towards rural.

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Presentation on theme: "MIGRATIO N.  The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country.  Long distance movements are directed towards rural."— Presentation transcript:

1 MIGRATIO N

2  The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country.  Long distance movements are directed towards rural farming areas.  People in urban areas migrate less than people in urban areas.  Males migrate more over short distances females migrate more over long distances.  Most migrants are 20-34 years of age.  People MAINLY move for cultural reasons.

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9 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1T75jBYeCs

10  Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration  1. Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration  2. The majority of migrants move a short distance  3. Migrants who do move longer distances tend to choose large cities  4. Urban residents are less migratory than rural folk  5. Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults

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12  Other Forced Migrations you may not know  Britain to Australia  Native Americans in the US  Soviet Union moving non-Russians to Central Asia and Siberia  Jews moving out of Western Europe  Voluntary Migration  Most migrations are voluntary – but they may have been precipitated by bad things

13  Most for jobs/better life  Most people move for $ or €  Others because of war, environmental problems  Immigration is causing great pressure on some countries - Chad  More pop. growth due to immigration than natural growth – U.S. is a good example  Remember – most population growth globally is in Developing World

14 http://www.geopoliticalmonitor.com/militarization-of-the-us-canadaborder- 4341 http://onenewsnow.com/national-security/2008/12/23/majority-of-us-mexico- border-fence-complete#.UlW6ltKsim4

15  Migration – long term location of an individual  External and Internal  Emigration – out migration  Immigration – in migration

16  Distance Decay  More accurate perceptions of nearer places than far away places.  Farther away from origin one gets, less likely a behavior, activity, interaction will decay or cease.  Chain Migration – family member leaves, sends word back, more come  Step Migration – most migrations actually done in segments – that is… Farm  Village  Town  Suburb  City

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18  Intervening Opportunity – immigrant has an intended destination, but does not reach that destination, instead settles somewhere along the way  EXAMPLE – African Americans after WWI migrate seeking work in Detroit, Chicago and Cleveland only to find employment and stay in St. Louis and Cincinnati  Detroit – Motown Records  Tourists – visit a place that is cheaper; not like they expected  Snowbirds

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20  Internal Migration – US E -W and N- S (MAP pages 73 and 85) – what’s wrong on page 73?  How can professional sports show us the internal demographic shifts of the last 40-75 years

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31  Get your smart devices if you got ‘em Get your smart devices if you got ‘em  Define REFUGEE –  Define INTERNAL REFUGEE or DISPLACED PERSON  Define INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE or INTERNATIONALLY DISPLACED PERSON  http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c11.html http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c11.html  Chad, Ethiopia, Jordan, Pakistan, Tanzania to see the numbers of refugees  What do they have in common? What do they have in common?

32  Food supplies and costs  Social services costs  Construction workers and costs  Who’s bringing immigrants in?  What else encourages immigrants to come?  Isn’t this an issue of Supply and Demand?

33  Types of Push and Pull Factors – pp. 77-79  Economic Conditions  Political Circumstances  Armed Conflict and Civil War  Environmental Conditions  Culture and Traditions  Technological Advances

34  What role does distance decay play in migration?  Step Migration  Intervening Opportunity  Chain Migration  Return or Counter-migration

35 http://flowingdata.com/wp- content/uploads/yapb_cache/immigratio n_map1.321vwuwrgl2c8cg8owkwgo00w.8t d8r2s3w1cs4kksc4okksgg8.th.jpeg


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