Presentation on theme: "MIGRATIO N. The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country. Long distance movements are directed towards rural."— Presentation transcript:
The greatest body of migrants travel long distances and leave their native country. Long distance movements are directed towards rural farming areas. People in urban areas migrate less than people in urban areas. Males migrate more over short distances females migrate more over long distances. Most migrants are 20-34 years of age. People MAINLY move for cultural reasons.
Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration 1. Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration 2. The majority of migrants move a short distance 3. Migrants who do move longer distances tend to choose large cities 4. Urban residents are less migratory than rural folk 5. Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults
Other Forced Migrations you may not know Britain to Australia Native Americans in the US Soviet Union moving non-Russians to Central Asia and Siberia Jews moving out of Western Europe Voluntary Migration Most migrations are voluntary – but they may have been precipitated by bad things
Most for jobs/better life Most people move for $ or € Others because of war, environmental problems Immigration is causing great pressure on some countries - Chad More pop. growth due to immigration than natural growth – U.S. is a good example Remember – most population growth globally is in Developing World
Migration – long term location of an individual External and Internal Emigration – out migration Immigration – in migration
Distance Decay More accurate perceptions of nearer places than far away places. Farther away from origin one gets, less likely a behavior, activity, interaction will decay or cease. Chain Migration – family member leaves, sends word back, more come Step Migration – most migrations actually done in segments – that is… Farm Village Town Suburb City
Intervening Opportunity – immigrant has an intended destination, but does not reach that destination, instead settles somewhere along the way EXAMPLE – African Americans after WWI migrate seeking work in Detroit, Chicago and Cleveland only to find employment and stay in St. Louis and Cincinnati Detroit – Motown Records Tourists – visit a place that is cheaper; not like they expected Snowbirds
Get your smart devices if you got ‘em Get your smart devices if you got ‘em Define REFUGEE – Define INTERNAL REFUGEE or DISPLACED PERSON Define INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE or INTERNATIONALLY DISPLACED PERSON http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c11.html http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c11.html Chad, Ethiopia, Jordan, Pakistan, Tanzania to see the numbers of refugees What do they have in common? What do they have in common?
Food supplies and costs Social services costs Construction workers and costs Who’s bringing immigrants in? What else encourages immigrants to come? Isn’t this an issue of Supply and Demand?
Types of Push and Pull Factors – pp. 77-79 Economic Conditions Political Circumstances Armed Conflict and Civil War Environmental Conditions Culture and Traditions Technological Advances
What role does distance decay play in migration? Step Migration Intervening Opportunity Chain Migration Return or Counter-migration