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Yue miet not bee aible tue reed this but mie teecher can! Meral And Myriem.

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Presentation on theme: "Yue miet not bee aible tue reed this but mie teecher can! Meral And Myriem."— Presentation transcript:

1 Yue miet not bee aible tue reed this but mie teecher can! Meral And Myriem

2 El Dia De Montessori Who was Maria Montessori? Who was Maria Montessori? What were her philosophical foundations? What were her philosophical foundations? Montessori and early years literacy Montessori and early years literacy

3 Who was Maria Montessori? Born in 1870 Born in 1870 Italy’s first woman to receive a medical degree Italy’s first woman to receive a medical degree Worked with special needs children, spoke on their behalf Worked with special needs children, spoke on their behalf Worked with children from the slums of San Lorenzo in Italy – Founded the House of Children (Casa dei Bambini) where she observed children and developed her theories on child development Worked with children from the slums of San Lorenzo in Italy – Founded the House of Children (Casa dei Bambini) where she observed children and developed her theories on child development During World War II Maria Montessori was exiled to India because of her anti-fascist views and developed her work Education for Peace – She was nominated twice for the Nobel Peace Prize During World War II Maria Montessori was exiled to India because of her anti-fascist views and developed her work Education for Peace – She was nominated twice for the Nobel Peace Prize

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5 Philosophical Foundations Whole child/whole language approach Whole child/whole language approach “All children are endowed with the capacity to absorb culture.” –Maria Montessori “All children are endowed with the capacity to absorb culture.” –Maria Montessori Education is not something that the teacher does, it is a natural process which develops spontaneously (“auto-education”) Education is not something that the teacher does, it is a natural process which develops spontaneously (“auto-education”)

6 Philosophical Foundations Cont. Children learn best in an open, respectful, nurturing and communicative environment Children learn best in an open, respectful, nurturing and communicative environment The concept of normalization: to become a contributing member of society The concept of normalization: to become a contributing member of society The three step cycle The three step cycle Educators must know themselves, educate themselves in their work and give appropriate help (The Absorbent Mind) Educators must know themselves, educate themselves in their work and give appropriate help (The Absorbent Mind) Classes of mixed ability and age with minimum adult intervention to reinforce natural equitable development Classes of mixed ability and age with minimum adult intervention to reinforce natural equitable development

7 Montessori and early years literacy Early years language development (language skills begin at conception, during infancy) Early years language development (language skills begin at conception, during infancy) Effective communication relies on authentic exchanges between teachers and children Effective communication relies on authentic exchanges between teachers and children Encoding versus Decoding (writing come before reading) Encoding versus Decoding (writing come before reading) Providing children with opportunities to see and use print, using both a phonetic and whole-word approach Providing children with opportunities to see and use print, using both a phonetic and whole-word approach

8 Literacy Strategies Self-correcting language materials developed by Maria Montessori Self-correcting language materials developed by Maria Montessori Classroom set up adapted to children’s size/ carefully selected high quality materials Classroom set up adapted to children’s size/ carefully selected high quality materials Children should not be taught to read and write before age 6 or 7, but children often teach themselves using the material by age 3 or 4 Children should not be taught to read and write before age 6 or 7, but children often teach themselves using the material by age 3 or 4 There are four stages to language development: spoken, phonetic awareness, creating words, reading There are four stages to language development: spoken, phonetic awareness, creating words, reading The three period lesson and I Spy The three period lesson and I Spy

9 Three Period Lesson We can use the three period lesson to directly teach specific vocabulary for everything (real objects, photos, illustrations) We can use the three period lesson to directly teach specific vocabulary for everything (real objects, photos, illustrations) 1.Touch object and clearly speak it’s name 2.Ask the child to identify objects we name 3.Point to each object and ask “What is this?” I spy (letter sounds) I spy (letter sounds)

10 Montessori Materials Metal inserts: children are gaining fine motor skills by tracing shapes to practice the strokes of letters Metal inserts: children are gaining fine motor skills by tracing shapes to practice the strokes of letters Sandpaper Letters: children are provided with multiple sensory experiences to learn letters by touching, listening and seeing Sandpaper Letters: children are provided with multiple sensory experiences to learn letters by touching, listening and seeing Movable alphabet: children can choose cut-out letters to compose words (also multi-sensory) Movable alphabet: children can choose cut-out letters to compose words (also multi-sensory)

11 Metal Inserts

12 Sandpaper Letters

13 Movable Alphabet

14 Conclusion Is the Montessori approach still relevant and applicable today? Is the Montessori approach still relevant and applicable today? Is it still good practice and do we want to incorporate it into our classrooms? Is it still good practice and do we want to incorporate it into our classrooms? How does it apply to multiple intelligences and diverse populations? How does it apply to multiple intelligences and diverse populations?

15 Resources Handbook.pdf Handbook.pdf


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