Presentation on theme: "Early Reading at Flitwick Lower"— Presentation transcript:
1Early Reading at Flitwick Lower Foundation Stage2013
2Principles and practises Early years education takes account of the needs of the whole child:AcademicPhysicalEmotionalSpiritualAt FLS, we focus on developing a love of learning and an enthusiasm for school as a solid foundation for a child’s future educationSpeaker notes:Children will learn the fundamentals of education more effectively if there are plenty of opportunities to develop socially, emotionally and physically first in a creative, secure, enabling and harmonious environment.The foundation skills in literacy and numeracy are laid through an environment rich in hands on activity and play opportunities; where language and communication are enabled through a rich learning environment.
3FLS OfSTED January 2013Standards in English and mathematics are above average. Pupils are doing well in all key stages including the Early Years Foundation Stage.Children join the Reception class with skill levels similar to those expected for their age, although there is variation within this as an increasing proportion start school with language skills that are below typical expectations. They achieve well overall in the Early Years Foundation Stage, especially in reading and writing.
4FLS OfSTED January 2013Early reading skills, including letters and the sounds they make, are developed exceptionally well. Pupils have regular, well-planned opportunities to read in groups, to adults and silently to themselves.In the Early Years Foundation Stage, careful checking of children’s progress enables staff to offer a good range of activities for children to learn quickly. They develop the confidence to explore and find things out for themselves. Effective teaching of the sounds that letters make develops early reading and writing at a fast pace.
5Learning to read at school Language rich environmentsWords everywhereNotices, labels and instructionsRole play and drama opportunitiesWealth of textsThe Spoken WordListening to stories being retold rather than readUsing role play and drama with and without props to retell stories, poems etc.ModellingDaily story timeGroup reading sessionsDaily phonics sessions
6Daily phonics Teach early reading skills: Focussed listening including hearing and making sounds in a range of environmentsHearing and saying rhyming words and initial soundsBlending sounds to read simple wordsRecognising key wordsSpeaker notes:FLS follows Letters and Sounds (DfE)
7Daily phonics Develop reading and spelling skills: Knowing letter namesRecognising the sounds individual letters and groups of letters can makeSegmenting sounds to spellForming letters to write the letters for those sounds
8Daily phonics Introduce new sounds and key words: Using a range of games and activitiesTHRASS resources and other phonics games to motivate, reinforce and enhance skills learned
9THRASSShared vocabulary across the school so that children aren’t confusedMultisensory approachClear annunciationUsing names of letter to talk about the sounds they can makeSpeaker notes:There are a range of phonics schemes, e.g. jolly phonics, read write inc;FLS uses THRASS: charts, songs, pictures, stories, interactive games‘mmm’ instead of ‘muh’ etc.Letters of the alphabet, e.g. ‘s’ and ‘h’ (sss, hhhh) cannot make ‘ssshhhhh’, so we say ‘s’ ‘h’ digraph makes ‘ssshhh’
10THRASS Identify blocks of letters that make sounds graphs (1 letter that makes 1 sounds, e.g. ‘b’ as in ‘bird’)digraphs (2 letters that make 1 sound, e.g. ‘sh’ as in ‘shark’)trigraphs (3 letters that make 1 sound, e.g. ‘dge’ as in ‘bridge’)
11THRASSJack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water.f e tchSpeaker notes:Bold words = key words introduced following the DfE letters and soundsJack and Jill can be decoded early on.Jill and hill rhyme and the children can use their rhyming knowledge to decode the wordsFetch and pail may be more difficult to decodeWe break down (segment) the word into sound blocks, sometimes using sound buttonsWe use the THRASS chart to identify which sound box the letters (graph or digraphs) are inp ai l
12Reading at school Variety of reading times Whole class story times Shared reading / modelling reading skillsGroup reading activitiesPaired reading sessionsIndividual reading opportunities
13Reading at school Group Reading In small groups to cater for individual needsBooks from levelled reading schemes provide words children can decode and recogniseUse simple language to specifically teach reading skills such as blending, decoding, sentence structure and understanding of the text
14Reading SchemesStaff provide books at an appropriate level to introduce vocabulary according to the child’s phonic knowledge and key word recognitionUse basic words that children can decode (sound out) as independent readersSpeaker notes:FLS follow Cliff Moon Individualised Reading scheme, which involves a range of bought reading schemes, such as ORT, Rigby Star, Literacy World etc. banded together to match levelsChildren may struggle at first with early scheme books because they lose the flow as they need to sound out most of the words.
15Reading SchemesMillions of children learned to read before any reading schemes were ever invented!There is far better literature with language rich text and illustrations to spark the imagination
16Reading SchemesSchemes can de-motivate and limit young proficient readersAsking a child to only choose books from a particular level/colour is very restrictiveThe major disadvantage of simple books is the limited languageSpeaker notes:For expample, Roald Dahl books have some complicated vocabulary, but the child learns lots.For example, the word ‘Gloucester’ from Beatrix Potter is unlikely to feature in a scheme book because the child needs many decoding skills in order to read it. But a child reading ‘Dr Foster Went to Gloucester’ may recognise the word and increase their vocabulary.
17Reading at home Parents are a child’s first teachers Nurture reading for enjoymentReading for enjoyment will help reinforce skills learned at school. Children need to read books they enjoy…there will still be words they can recognise or decode in a book of their choiceSpeaker notes:Real reading happens when one is curled up, lost in the intellectual content of a book.Most of us have had the feeling of not being able to put book down until we had consumed the last word on the last page and then felt a sadness and emptiness because the experience had come to an end.This feeling does not happen when a teacher says “Bring your book to me. I want to hear you read.”
18Reading at homeBy reading widely and not always at the most basic level children learn new facts and new vocabulary.Reading does not always have to be challenging…Newspapers, magazines, internet, instructions, the back of a cereal packet…Whatever they want to read!Speaker notes:The sooner a child can do this the sooner they gain these benefits of reading.…as an adult do you always want to read something that is increasingly challenging? Especially after a hard day at work!
19Reading at homeHome / School Reading records are a perfect opportunity for you to provide information to staff about your child’s love of readingStaff use these records to celebrate reading skills your child demonstrates at school
20Key points Enjoy sharing a wide variety of books with your child Encouraging them to choose a reading book from the classroom book box every dayTalk about why they chose itEncouraging them to choose a book or talking story from school / local libraryRead to them and with themModel reading in a variety of contextsModel decoding words by using your fingers to cover up other letters to find blocks of letters within wordsSpeaker notes:The information inside home/school reading records has been updated with prompt questions etc.Children don’t have to be able to read the text to you. They can help by:- starting you off with initial sounds by looking at the first letter of a word;- finding key words we are learning at school which you can find on the Friday Learning At Home sheet
21Key points Sing lots of nursery rhymes Have a THRASS chart at home to play games withMake up silly stories to develop vocabulary, imagination and story structureUse clear pronunciation when talking about sounds letters makeUse the letter names from the alphabet