2CHEMICAL WEATHERINGProcess by which rocks break down as a result of chemical reactions.
3CHEMICAL WEATHERING chemical reactions Process by which rocks break down as a result of chemical reactions.Dissolve minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals.
4Agents of chemical weathering 1. Water2. weak acids (acid precipitation, acids in ground water, acids in living things)3. air.These agents weaken bonds between the mineral grains of rock.
5Water Can cause rock to be broken down and dissolve. Can take thousands of years to take place.
6Dissolves minerals from a rock over a long period of time (sometimes 1000s of years). 1. Water
72. Weak Acids Include acid precipitation acids in ground water acids in living things
8Acid precipitation Where does acid rain come from? Rain, sleet, or snow, that contains a high concentration of acids.Small amounts of nitric or sulfuric acids from volcanoes.Air pollution from fossil fuels (coal & oil) give off gases & combines with water to from acid rain.
9Acid Precipitation (weak acid) Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acid. Normal precipitation is acidic, acid precipitation contains more acid than normal.
10Acid RainCompounds from burning coal, oil and gas react chemically with water forming acids.Acid rain causes very rapid chemical weathering
11Some groundwater contains weak acids like carbonic & sulfuric acid. These weak acids react with rocks, causing a chemical reaction.Ex. When groundwater touches limestone, it dissolves limestone to form caves over thousands of years.Acids in Ground water
12Acids in Groundwater (weak acid) Carbonic acid or sulfuric acid reacts with rocks in the ground, causing a chemical reaction, eating away at the rock.
13Carbon Dioxide CO2 dissolves in rain water and creates carbonic acid Carbonic acid easily weathers limestone and marble
15Acids in Living Things (weak acid) Lichens produce acids that slowly break down rock.
16Acids in Living thingsLichens produce acids that slowly break down rockRoots and decaying plants release acids that dissolve minerals, thus weakening the rock.
17AIRThe process of oxidation is a chemical reaction in which an element (iron) combines with oxygen, causing rust.Weak Acids
18Oxygen in the air reacts with iron, causing it to rust (called oxidation). This process is called oxidation.A chemical reaction in which an element (iron) combines with oxygen to cause rust.Causes aluminum cans, bikes, & cars to rust.Water speeds up this process.3. Air oxidation
19Karst TopographyA type of landscape in rainy regions where there is limestone near the surface, characterized by caves, sinkholes, and disappearing streams.Created by chemical weathering of limestone