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Weathering and Erosion. Weathering The breakdown do the materials of Earth’s crust into smaller pieces.

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Presentation on theme: "Weathering and Erosion. Weathering The breakdown do the materials of Earth’s crust into smaller pieces."— Presentation transcript:

1 Weathering and Erosion

2 Weathering The breakdown do the materials of Earth’s crust into smaller pieces.

3 Physical Weathering Process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by external conditions. Types of Physical weathering –Frost heaving and Frost wedging –Plant roots –Friction and impact –Burrowing of animals –Temperature changes

4 Frost Wedging

5 Frost Heaving

6 Plant Roots

7 Friction and Repeated Impact

8 Burrowing of Animals

9 Temperature Changes

10 Chemical Weathering The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes. The agents of chemical weathering –Water –Oxygen –Carbon dioxide –Living organisms –Acid rain

11 Water Water weathers rock by dissolving it

12 Oxygen Iron combines with oxygen in the presence of water in a processes called oxidation The product of oxidation is rust

13 Carbon Dioxide CO 2 dissolves in rain water and creates carbonic acid Carbonic acid easily weathers limestone and marble

14 Living Organisms Lichens that grow on rocks produce weak acids that chemically weather rock

15 Acid Rain Compounds from burning coal, oil and gas react chemically with water forming acids. Acid rain causes very rapid chemical weathering

16 Warm-up What are the 2 types of weathering? Give examples for each. Gu4ys

17 Karst Topography A type of landscape in rainy regions where there is limestone near the surface, characterized by caves, sinkholes, and disappearing streams. Created by chemical weathering of limestone

18 Features of Karst: Sinkholes

19 Features of Karst: Caves

20 Features of Karst: Disappearing Streams

21 Erosion The process by which water, ice, wind or gravity moves fragments of rock and soil.

22 Water Erosion Rivers, streams, and runoff

23 Ice Erosion Glaciers

24 Wind Erosion

25 Mass Movements Landslides, mudslides, slump and creep landslide clip.mpeg

26 Erosion Demo b.htm

27 What is soil? Made of weathered rocks Soil composed of: –Sand –Silt –Clay What else is in soil? –Hint: the top dark layer?

28 Soil Erosion-Warm up Why do humans need soil? How does human activity affect our soil? How can we reduce soil erosion?


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