Steps for More Effective and Efficient Reading 1.Generate Background Knowledge 2.Skim and Scan 3.Read actively 4.Guess meanings in context 5.Annotate and/or 6.Take double entry notes Silberstein, Dobson, & Clarke (2002); Spack, (1998)
1.Generating Background Knowledge Preview and predict Read the title and predict content Read background information Look at the length of the reading Preview any headings or subheadings Look at words in boldface or italics Look at charts and illustrations
2. Skim and Scan Skim –Read quickly for a general idea –Skip phrases between parenthesis or dashes –Skip details (dates, names) Do not look up words! –Focus on content words not function words Look at the overall map, the general direction and curve of the road, not the individual streets.
3. Read Actively Reading ≠ passive activity Read with pen and highlighter Have a dialogue in your head Monitor your comprehension Write down your understanding of sections Check your comprehension with others Recognize that others will have different interpretations
4. Guessing Meaning in Context Looking up every word = info. overload = no time! A. Look at what proceeds and follows the word to guess the meaning in context After painting all night long, Carlos was ravenous. He ate two bowls of soup, a big salad, three pieces of chicken, and a piece of chocolate cake with a glass of milk. When Brazilians come to the United States they always have “Suadades”. They miss their social life, food, music, and everything else about their home.
4. Guessing Meaning in Context B. Use grammar and punctuation clues that point to the relationships among the various parts of the sentence. –A. Our uncle was a nomad, an incurable wanderer who never could stay in one place. –B. George is a thief; he would steal the gold from his grandmother’s teeth and not feel guilty. –C. If you step on an egg, it will __________________. –D. Unlike her gregarious sister, Rita is a shy, unsociable person who does not like to go to parties or make new friends.
4. Guessing Meaning in Context C. Use Greek and Latin prefixes and suffixes or words stems Phonology – phone – sound – logy – study of Deforestation D. Be content with the general idea of an unfamiliar word; the exact definition is not always necessary. The Gibbon is a type of ape that lives in Asia. E. Recognize situations where it is not necessary to know the meaning of the word
5. Annotating Record any emotion you feel as you read Recall personal associations Make connections with something else you have read Create headings to identify different sections Write brief summaries Highlight important sentences Underline unknown words and write definitions of key words Ask questions
6. Double Entry Notes On left side of margin, write summaries On right side of margin, write reactions
Conclusion Preview the text and prepare yourself mentally Read actively Guess meanings in context Write all over your text! Silberstein, Dobson, & Clarke (2002); Spack, (1998)
Vocabulary Building Facade 1. Say it: [fə' sad] 2. Define it 3. Find a synonym or antonym 4. Use it in a meaningful way