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Tips for Home Reading ***Tips and Word-Attack Strategies Word-attack strategies help students decode, pronounce, and understand unfamiliar words. They help students attack words piece by piece or from a different angle. Model and instruct students:
Use Picture Clues Look at the picture. Are there people, objects, or actions in the picture that might make sense in the sentence? Sound Out the Word Start with the first letter, and say each letter-sound out loud. Blend the sounds together and try to say the word. Does the word make sense in the sentence? Look for Chunks in the Word Look for familiar letter chunks. They may be sound/symbols, prefixes, suffixes, endings, whole words, or base words. Read each chunk by itself. Then blend the chunks together and sound out the word. Does that word make sense in the sentence?
Connect to a Word You Know Think of a word that looks like the unfamiliar word. Compare the familiar word to the unfamiliar word. Decide if the familiar word is a chunk or form of the unfamiliar word. Use the known word in the sentence to see if it makes sense. If so, the meanings of the two words are close enough for understanding. Reread the Sentence Read the sentence more than once. Think about what word might make sense in the sentence. Try the word and see if the sentence makes sense. Keep Reading Read past the unfamiliar word and look for clues. If the word is repeated, compare the second sentence to the first. What word might make sense in both?
Use Prior Knowledge Think about what you know about the subject of the book, paragraph, or sentence. Do you know anything that might make sense in the sentence? Read the sentence with the word to see if it makes sense.
Word Rings From 50-75% of all words used in school books, library books, newspapers, and magazines are in the Dolch Basic Sight Vocabulary of 220 words (preschool thru Grade 3). The Dolch word list is made up of "service words" (pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and verbs) which cannot be learned through the use of pictures.
Word Families Imagine how confusing our language must appear to emerging readers! Sometimes vowels are long, sometimes they're short, and sometimes they sound altogether like another vowel. How can a struggling reader make sense of it all? Word families (also known as phonograms or "chunks") can really help your students "crack the code" of our inconsistent language by providing some predictable patterns within words. As you and I learned to read, we picked up these patterns effortlessly, and they still help us when we try to decode new words. When we direct our students' attention to these same patterns, they too will be able to untangle the seemingly unrelated sounds of English.
What patterns are these? Here's an example: I see the word, "C-H-A-L-K ". Now, how can I figure out how to say that word? I'll try breaking it into chunks that I'm familiar with. What words look like "chalk"? Well, there's walk" and "talk", so maybe "chalk" rhymes with those words. I know that "ch" has it's own sound, so if I add it to the "alk" chunk, I get "chalk." That's it--"chalk.“ Can you see how much easier this method of using "chunks" of letters is compared to sounding out one letter at a time? We break words into chunks naturally, and we can teach our students to do the same.
It gets even better! Once your students become familiar with the 37 most familiar chunks, they can use them to decode 500 words. (Wylie & Durrell, 1970) Word families are indeed an efficient way to get your children reading. at, cat, mat, sat, rat, that, pat, fat, hat
Writing and Invented Spelling encourages children to make vital connections between letters and sounds helps children to become independent writers as they ask for less help spelling words gives them the ability to write anything they say, leading to longer and more interesting stories allows children to write more words than they know how to read encourages children to take responsibility for their own learning as they have more control over what they write allows for extensive practice of phonics as they use letters to represent the sounds that they hear Benefits of invented spelling include:
Der Parints, Az ur child brings home riting for the ferst tim, do not be serprized at the speling. The Inglsh langwij is confuzing for students. Prematur insistints that students uz standurd, or "correct" speling inhibits thair dezir and ability to rit. We wil uz "invntd speling" in r wrk. Az parints, u can hlp ur child by prazing awl thair riting. Let ur child red thair riting to u. Displa thair riting around ur hom. No that as ur child becomz familyer with riting, he or she wil mak the tranzishun to standard speling. Thank u, Techer Sample of Invented Spelling The National Right to Read Foundation
Homework Homework is sent home in a zippered pouch on Wednesdays to be returned on Tuesdays. The children are encouraged to read daily and to record their reading sessions. The word ring may go from home to school daily in the plastic bag. We will practice in school as well. New words will be given when your child is ready. Homework and nightly reading should not be a stressful time for you or your child Used to reinforce and practice concepts and skill development covered in class. A homework area that is quiet and free from distraction is best.
Routines Morning: When the bell rings (8:45)the students enter the building. They bring their word ring pouch into the classroom. Homework is collected on Tuesdays and sent home for the week on Wednesdays. They listen to a classical piece, begin a skill activity, silent read. We then begin our day (9:00) with Language Arts activities so it is important that your child arrive on time and be ready to learn. Washroom and Drinks: The children have three opportunities to leave the classroom. One between 9:00 and Recess, another between recess and lunch and finally the last from 1:30 to 3:00. The students are also permitted to go before they go out at recess and lunch. Excess bathroom breaks will not be encouraged and you can help by encouraging your child use the washroom before he/she leaves home for school. Drink bottles will only be permitted in the classroom on hot days. To avoid excessive drinking and spills, the children will keep their water bottles on the shelf above their coats.
At Home Reading Program: The books are leveled. Each student will read all the books in the level prior to moving to the next level. Repeated reading improves the student’s fluency. Have your child bring their word ring to school everyday; volunteers may show up to read with the children!
Discipline Positive Recognition Bullying Education Choices/Consequences Education Got ya’s (identifying good behaviour, recorded and rewarded weekly)