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Power to the Edge “Net Work” Network Science Issues of Interest Dr. David S Alberts Director, Research OASD(NII) October 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Power to the Edge “Net Work” Network Science Issues of Interest Dr. David S Alberts Director, Research OASD(NII) October 2008."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Power to the Edge “Net Work” Network Science Issues of Interest Dr. David S Alberts Director, Research OASD(NII) October 2008

3 21 st Missions Complex Endeavors are now the business of DoD Complex Effects Space –More than just military effects –Interactions in effects space significant –Lack of understanding of cross-domain cause-effects –Inability to predict Operating in a Network-Centric Environment –Many v. Few –Unfamiliar v. Familiar Complex “Self” –“Self” is composed of large number of heterogeneous entities –Different objectives, values, constraints –No single entity in charge –Entities have significantly different perceptions

4 21 st Missions Effects Network Networked Self Complex Endeavors are now the business of DoD Complex Effects Space –More than just military effects –Interactions in effects space significant –Lack of understanding of cross-domain cause-effects –Inability to predict Operating in a Network-Centric Environment –Many v. Few –Unfamiliar v. Familiar Complex “Self” –“Self” is composed of large number of heterogeneous entities –Different objectives, values, constraints –No single entity in charge –Entities have significantly different perceptions

5 Net

6 Work Net Entity Cluster Task Cluster

7 21 st Missions Effects Network Networked Self Complex Endeavors are now the business of DoD Complex Effects Space –More than just military effects –Interactions in effects space significant –Lack of understanding of cross-domain cause-effects –Inability to predict Operating in a Network-Centric Environment –Many v. Few –Unfamiliar v. Familiar Complex “Self” –“Self” is composed of large number of heterogeneous entities –Different objectives, values, constraints –No single entity in charge –Entities have significantly different perceptions “Net” “Work”

8 Conflicted C2 De-Conflicted C2 C2 Approaches Coordinated C2 Collaborative C2 Edge C2 Allocation of Decision Rights to the Collective Patterns of Interaction Among Entities Distribution of Information Among Participants

9 Conflicted C2 Entity Cluster

10 De-conflicted C2 Entity Cluster

11 Coordinated C2 Entity Cluster Task Cluster

12 Collaborative C2 Entity Cluster Task Cluster

13 Edge C2 Entity Cluster Task Cluster

14 Collaboration Robustly Networked Force Information Sharing Mission Effectiveness Shared Awareness Self- Synchronization Quality of Information Information Domain Cognitive Domain Physical Domain Social Domain Network-Centric Value Chain Awareness

15 Demands C2 Approaches and Cognitive Demands As the network centric nature of C2 increases, the cognitive demands on individuals and collectives increases because there is a requirement to: –share information more extensively and more frequently –involve more sources of information –interact (collaborate) with great numbers and more diverse people and organizations –accept external values and constraints –accept more interdependence

16 Variables of Interest Info Sharing & Collaborative Behaviors Shared Information Quality of Information Shared Awareness Quality of Awareness Shared Understanding Quality of Understanding Task Performance Task Difficulty Measures of Merit Network Characteristics & Performance Individual & Team Characteristics Culture Allocation of Decision Rights Quality of Information Sources Patterns of Interaction Distribution of Information C2 Maturity Level Partially Controllable Controllable Legend

17 What is ELICIT? ELICIT = Experimental Laboratory for Investigating Collaboration, Information-sharing, and Trust U.S. DoD (OASD/NII) Command and Control Research Program (CCRP) sponsored the design and development of the ELICIT platform for experimentation focused on information, cognitive, and social domain phenomena Web-based version for person-in-the-loop experiments and abELICIT, an agent-based version Purpose of ELICIT-related Experimentation and Analysis is to investigate the cognitive and social impacts of C2 approach and organizational structure (e.g. information sharing, trust, shared awareness, and task performance) see for more informationwww.dodccrp.org


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