Presentation on theme: "Glossary Study Island. Greek and Latin Roots Prefix: Groups of letters placed before a word to alter its meaning. Suffix: Groups of letters placed after."— Presentation transcript:
Greek and Latin Roots Prefix: Groups of letters placed before a word to alter its meaning. Suffix: Groups of letters placed after a word to alter its meaning or change it into a different kind of word, from an adjective to an adverb, etc. (Insert chart here!)
Context Clues Words and phrases in a sentence, paragraph, and/or whole text, which help reason out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.
Context Clues Context sometimes provides an example of a word’s meaning. Falling into a dark pit would certainly be a calamity. Calamity means? A great misfortune or disaster. Context may provide a definition of a difficult word. The devil provided sufficient, or enough, treasure to tempt the Walkers.
Context Clues Context sometimes supplies a word or phrase with an opposite meaning to contrast with the unfamiliar word. Most people would be fearful of a talking raven, but not the dauntless narrator of “The Raven.” Dauntless means? Fearless, bold Context may provide a synonym for the unfamiliar word. Tom Walker was gullible, and his wife was just as easy to fool.
Practice Edgar Allan Poe is credited with writing the first crime stories that use ratiocination, ( rash-ee-os- uh -ney-sh uh n ) or logical thinking, to solve a mystery. A.Reasoning B.Characters C.Mathematics D.footprints Answer: A—the definition is giving in the context.
Practice In one of Poe’s stories, “The Purloined Letter,” a detective is asked to get the stolen document back. A.Ancient B.Personal C.Damaged D.Taken without consent Answer: D—a synonym is used in the context.
Practice Other characters may think that a problem is inexplicable, but Poe’s detective, C. Auguste Dupin, finds it easy to understand. A.Mysterious B.Boring C.Simple D.dangerous Answer: A—an antonym is used in the context
Practice Many modern sleuths, from Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew to the police investigators on TV crime shows, owe their methods to Dupin. A.Criminals B.Readers C.Detectives D.authors Answer: C—an example is given in the context
I once had the most exquisite orange I have ever tasted. It was more elegant than caviar and more luscious than velvet. The citrus flavor all at once lulled my taste buds into a blissful calm while throwing them into a frenzy of craving. I couldn ’ t help but devour each and every bite within mere seconds as a I crammed piece after piece of orange into my watering mouth. Ever since that one spectacular orange, I have never been satisfied with another. If only I had savored it or made it last a little longer.
What does the word luscious mean in the passage? Tart Fluffy Expensive rich Explanation: The correct answer is choice D, “ rich. ” The passage states that the orange was “ more elegant than caviar and more luscious than velvet. ” Velvet is rich, or elegant.
What does the word devour mean in the passage? To eat hungrily To pick at To set aside To destroy Explanation: The correct answer is choice A, “ to eat hungrily. ” The speaker says, “ I crammed piece after piece of orange into my watering mouth. ” This is a description of eating the orange.
What does the word savored mean in the passage? To season To smell To enjoy To study Explanation: The correct answer is choice C, “ to enjoy. ” The speaker says that he or she should have “ made it last a little longer. ” When a person enjoys something, he or she wants to enjoy it for as long as possible.
Point of View Refers to the way a story is told, the perspective or angle of vision or position from which the events are narrated for the reader.
First Person Uses “I” or “We” Often used when someone is stating an opinion or sharing a feeling. I went to the store today. When I was in the bread aisle, I bumped into an old friend and we had a nice conversation.
Second Person Uses the word “you” Used when giving directions or when you’re speaking directly to someone. Almost never used to tell a story. You should work on getting your room cleaned. First, pick up the clothes on the floor. Then, you need to run a vacuum and dust the tables.
Third Person Uses “he,” “she,” or “they” Sometimes “it” is used about a thing When studying the history of Earth, it becomes evident that dinosaurs existed far longer than human beings have so far. One would be impressed to learn how many millions of years these great creatures survived and thrived on Earth.
Third Person Limited Narrator is non-participant and only knows the thoughts and feelings of a single character. Joe had seen the building of the Great Wall, the fall of Berlin Wall, and everything in between. He wondered if humans would ever really learn how to live in peace. Joe wasn't on Earth to be a teacher. He was there to observe and document what he learned about humans. But it was so hard for Joe not to get involved.
Third Person Objective Narrator is a non-participant and cannot tell the thoughts and feelings of any character. Objectively tells the story—only reports on what the narrator can see.
Third Person Omniscient Non-participant, but can see into and have unlimited knowledge about any and all of the characters. Author can roam anywhere, see anything, and comment on and interpret events at will.