is the view from which the story is told. Who is telling the story?
1 st Person The story is told by one of the characters in the story Key Words: I, We, My, Us
Examples 1) I like my freshly-painted bedroom so much that I want to jump for joy! 2) Abbey hopped off my handlebars and walked to the water's edge. She planted her hands on her hips. I locked my bike to a tree and walked down to the charter docks, Abbey trailing behind. She groaned. She was starting to annoy me. She made a face.
2nd Person The passage is directed at the reader. Second person is a good choice when giving directions or anytime you're speaking directly to someone. Second person is almost never used to tell a story. Key Words: You
Examples 1) You should really come and join the group because you would probably like it a lot. 2) You must understand that recycling benefits all of us. Recycling is easy if you think about it logically. Instead of throwing away your soda can, simply rinse it out and put it in a separate bin for cans. It’s not difficult for you to buy two trash cans and use one for recycling. Earth is your home, and you must take care of it!
3rd Person The narrator is NOT a character in the story. Key Words: She, He, They
Examples 1) Sally rode home as fast as she could. Then she jumped off her bike and ran into the house to see what was going on. 2) Penny has a puppy named Coco. Coco is a little, furry ball of energy. If Penny just stood there and stared at her, she would just start running around in circles.
3rd Person Limited the narrator is a non-participant and only knows the thoughts and feelings of a single character. In other words, the narrator's knowledge of the situation is limited only to one character. Key Words: She, He, They
Examples Marco felt like he had done something good for the community. He felt like a helper and wanted to do more good things to assist those in need. But how did everybody else feel? How did Hannah and Zach feel about their work? He would have to talk to them to find out.
3rd Person Omniscient From this angle, the author can roam anywhere, see anything, and comment on or interpret events at will. Key Words: She, He, They the narrator is a non-participant but is able to see into and have unlimited knowledge about any or all of the characters.
Examples Marco felt like he had done something good for the community. He felt like a helper and wanted to do more good things to assist those in need. Marco wouldn't know it until he talked to them, but Hannah and Zach felt the same way, too. Hannah had not been able to sleep. She was excited at the thought of expanding their project. She was sure they could provide even more toys for the children next year! Zach was already planning ways to raise more money and get more people involved. He had even had a dream about how to do it!
Strategy Always look outside “quotation marks” to determine point of view. “I put it in the bag.” he said to his mother.