Presentation on theme: "Functional Running Drew Deppen BSc. Why running? Runners are a different breed of athlete Pain, highs, lows, endorphin addicts 650,000 people finished."— Presentation transcript:
Functional Running Drew Deppen BSc
Why running? Runners are a different breed of athlete Pain, highs, lows, endorphin addicts 650,000 people finished a Half Marathon in 2007, a 10% jump from 2006 407,000 completed a marathon in 2007 40% were first timers 350 Marathons in 2006 Marathon Guide.com Runners miss 5-10% of their workouts due to injuries. 2-3% of injuries force runners to miss some work. Runners world 2008 Those moments in stride make it all worth it
Running Stresses Joints? Dean Karnazes Ran over 350 miles straight Ran 6 -100 mile races in 1 year Ran 50 marathons in 50 days How can he do this when running is bad for you? Fastest average Age Groups for marathons 2007 Male 40-44 yrs Female 35-39 yrs Common Misconceptions
Bad Joints or Bad Form 3 most common reasons Improper Training Methods Anatomical Issues Biomechanics Misalignment of lower extremity Shoes and Surfaces What Causes Injuries?
How to prevent these injuries Train Right Vary the workout types Work on Efficiency Get the right shoes, Run on more than 1 surface Run trails John McDonnell – University of Arkansas 42 NCAA championships Make each run count Know when to say when Rest Up Hit the Gym Stay Calm
Optimum Gait Perfect Form Hip extension Triple Joint Extension Triple Joint Flexion Core Activation Shin perpendicular to ground Should not be able to see all your shoelaces Elbows Back Sternum forward and up Diaphragm Breathing Pull through stride - Hamstrings
Pose Pull Fall Can you see how important a stable single leg stance and single leg squat can be for a runner?
Common Flaws Heel Strike Low back extension Lack of hip flexibility Chest breathing Lack of core stability Twisting Bouncing up and down Quad dominance Push through stride Quad dominance Heel Strike Twisting
Heel Strike Good Heel Strike Bad Heel Strike
Low Back Extension Lack of hip flexibility Lack of Core stability If you were to swing a golf club on ice it wouldn’t go far Having spikes increases the stable base Core is the stable base of the body Lower Spine was not designed to extend the legs Diaphragm breathing is the best way to activate the core when running
Diaphragm Breathing Juan Herrara Mexican running tribe Tarahumara Ran the Leadville 100 miles in 17.5 hours Breathing facilitated by in the nose and out the mouth Breath deep into your core Elevating the rib cage leads to tight neck muscles Wasted energy and leads to forward head posture
Twisting and Bouncing Arms of many runners come across the body Twists the low back Wastes energy To help this run with your hands on your head Bouncing Often these runners are using their quads and no enough of their hamstrings Wasted energy Increases the stress on joints
Sustainable vs Performance Running Is there really a difference?
Mental Overload How do I implement these in my runs? Pick one thing to focus on each workout Make that thing perfect 1 minute perfect 4 minutes normal Efficiency Practice perfect Start slow Implement short intervals of perfect speed If this were the very last time you could run, would you be in a hurry?
Pronation Cushioned Motion Control Stability Neutral/Performance
Nothing in life is free, for long Pronation of the foot and the kinetic muscle chain Knee Crashes Hip misaligned Pelvis tilts Low Back extends Foot becomes too mobile
Footwear Motion Control Low Arches Severe overpronators Larger runners Support and durability Stability Normal arches Moderate Pronators Support and Cushioning The Air Problem Neutral Cushion High Arches Biomechanically Efficient Midfoot strikers Performance Trainer Biomechanically Efficient Racing Lighter runners
So Many choices?? How do I choose the right shoe? Some tips Look at your anatomy and biomechanics Width of the foot Type of foot Arch height Running style – pronator, supinator What kind of running – trails, track, sprints, recreational Pick a good store with knowledgeable staff Good runners are not always knowledgeable on gait Try on multiple brands Wear the socks you are going to run in when trying on shoes Run in the shoe before you buy it Most stores will let you run around at least inside Stick with what works for you When in doubt see your physician
Common Injuries Runners Knee IT Band Patella Pain Stress injuries/shin splints Low Back Pain Ankle Sprain Plantar Fascitis Bunions (Hallux Valgus)
Runners Knee Hamstring weakness Helps stabilize the knee Hip flexor tightness IT Band Quads Hip Flexibility
Quad and Hip Flexor Active Stretch Keep Heel Down
Stress Fractures and Shin Spints Training overload Ankle Flexibilty Calves are too tight Muscle Activation Anterior and Posterior Tibialis (shin) exercises Mechanics
Low Back Pain Core Stabilization Squats Single leg squats Step Ups Dead Bug
Ankle Sprains Run on unlevel surfaces Trails, grass Balance Training Single Leg squat Stability Training Activation Exercises
How can I avoid these? Patience Perfect Practice Run for Pleasure John McDonnell – University of Arkansas Make each run count Know when to say when Rest Up Hit the Gym Stay Calm
Thank You Dr. Nagel and Dekalb Chiropractic Center Any questions?