7 Foot InjuriesCauseSigns and SymptomsTreatmentPrevention
8 Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Cause: Chronic inflammation of bursa from constant rubbing from heel of shoe.S/S: Tenderness, swelling, warmth, and rednessTX: Doughnut pad placed around areaPrevention: Properly fitting shoes
9 BunionCause: Bony enlargement of the head of the 1st metatarsal caused from wearing improperly fitting shoes.S/S: Obvious deformity, tenderness, and swelling.TX: Proper shoe selection, protection devices, surgery may be necessaryPrevention: Properly fitting shoes.
11 Metatarsal FractureCause: Direct force or twisting or torsion stressesS/S: Swelling and pain. More pt tender and sometimes palpable.TX: RICE, castingPrevention: Avoid getting kicked, falling/rolling ankle
12 Pes Planus Over pronation of foot Cause: Lack of support in shoes, genetics, ageS/S: Foot pain, lack of longitudinal arch, lateral heel tiltTx: arch stretches, toe curls, ice massage, orthoticsPrevention: toe curls, proper shoes
13 Ingrown Toenail Cause: Improper shoe fitting and nail cutting S/S: Increased pain, swelling, redness around the nail bedTX: Hot, soapy water, antibiotics, raise nail up.Prevention: proper shoes, proper nail trimming
14 Plantar FasciitisCause: Running, toe running, wrong shoes (acute and chronic)S/S: Pain near heel. Similar signs as heel bruiseTreatment: RICE, stretching, IM, NSAIDs, pad heel.Prevention: Stretching
21 Shin SplintsCauses: Changes in any kind of training. Abnormal strength in Antagonist muscleS/S: Anterior medial shin painTX: Eliminate bad changes, modified rest, cryotherapy, arch tape job
22 Achilles TendonitisCause: Repetitive weight bearing activities that increase quicker than body can adapt to.S/S: Generalized pain and stiffness around the Achilles tendon. Usually gradual onset.TX: Limiting or restricting the activity that caused the irritation. Aggressive stretching of heel cord.Prevention: Heel cord stretching, proper acclimization to activity.
23 Achilles Tendon Rupture Cause: Sudden, forceful plantar flexion of the ankle with a chronically tight tendon.S/S: Feel or hear a pop. Feel as if they’ve been kicked in the leg. Inability to plantar flex foot.TX: Surgery vs. CastPrevention: Stretching and proper care of any tendonitis
25 Compartment SyndromeCause: Increased pressure within one of four compartments of lower leg causes compression of the structures in the leg.S/S: Deep aching pain, tightness, and swelling. Pain with stretching.TX: Acute~ immediate surgeryChronic~ activity modification & ice and sometimes surgeryPrevention: Stretching (Hard to prevent)