Neutral (Normal) Pronation Most ideal for heel strike gait Strike laterally, roll medially, toe off Even loading of metatarsals, arch absorbs energy
Over Pronation Extremely common, roughly 80% Too much of a “good thing” Still benefit from energy absorption with excess leg/ankle twisting Cause of common injuries (IT-Band, P. Fasciitis, etc.) Low arches/flat feet are common, not a rule
Underpronation (Supination) Very uncommon, roughly 5% Strike laterally, uneven loading towards 5 th metatarsal Opposite of overpronation Instead of flimsy, foot is very rigid Very poor energy absorption and transfer Tend to be “bow legged”
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