Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Developed by D. Ann Currie, RN, MSN. Neonatal Assessment.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Developed by D. Ann Currie, RN, MSN. Neonatal Assessment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developed by D. Ann Currie, RN, MSN

2 Neonatal Assessment

3 Gestational Age Assessment: Physical Characteristics Resting posture Preterm - extended Term - flexed Skin Preterm - thin and transparent with veins prominent Term - opaque and disappearance of the vernix caseosa

4 Newborn Assessments

5 Newborn Measurements

6 Cephalhematoma and Caput Succedaneum

7 Newborn Vital Signs

8 Common Reflexes of the Newborn

9 Potential Birth Injuries

10 Gestational Age Assessment: Physical Characteristics Lanugo Decreases as gestational age increases Sole (plantar) creases As gestation progresses, proceeds to the heel Breast bud Term: the tissue will measure between 0.5 and 1 cm

11 Gestational Age Assessment: Physical Characteristics Ear form and cartilage distribution Preterm - relatively shapeless and flat, no recoil Term - some cartilage and slight incurving of the upper pinna, good recoil Male genitals Preterm - small scrotum, few rugae, testes are palpable in the inguinal canal Term - testes are generally in the lower scrotum, which is pendulous and covered with rugae

12 Gestational Age Assessment: Physical Characteristics Female genitals Preterm - clitoris is prominent, labia majora are small and widely separated Term - labia majora cover the labia minora and clitoris

13 Assessment of Neuromuscular Characteristics Square window Recoil Popliteal angle Scarf sign Heel to ear Ankle dorsiflexion Head lag Ventral suspension

14 Measurement and Appearance Average weight of 3405 g at term Average length is 50 cm (20 in) Head circumference is cm Chest circumference is cm Skin – pink tinged

15

16

17

18 Head Proportionally larger than body Fontanelles Anterior Posterior Hair Face

19 Eyes Tearless crying Peripheral vision Can fixate on near objects Can perceive faces, shapes and colors Blink in response to bright light Pupillary reflex is present

20 Ears and Neck Ears Soft and pliable Ready recoil Pinna parallel with inner and outer canthus Neck Short with skin folds

21

22 Nose and Mouth Nose Small and narrow Must breathe through nose Mouth Lips pink Taste buds present

23 Chest Chest – cylindrical Breasts – engorged, whitish secretion Respirations Diaphragmatic per minute Heart rate bpm

24 Abdomen Cylindrical and soft Bowel sounds present by 1 hour after birth Umbilical cord Initially white and gelatinous Two arteries, one vein

25 Genitalia and Extremities Genitalia Female – labia majora covers labia minora Male – testes descended, pendulous scrotum Extremities Short, flexible, and move symmetrically Legs are equal in length with symmetrical creases

26 Measurements Weight Length Head circumference Chest circumference Abdominal girth Temperature

27 Skin Variations Acrocyanosis Mottling Harlequin sign Jaundice Erythema toxicum Milia

28 Erythema toxicum.

29 Facial milia.

30 Skin Variations Vernix Caseosa Forceps marks Telangiectatic nevi Mongolian spots Nevus flammeus Nevus vasculosus

31 Mongolian spots

32

33 Head Variations Molding Cephalohematoma Caput succedaneum

34

35

36

37

38 Mouth Variations Cleft lip and palate Precocious teeth Epstein’s Pearls Thrush

39 Ear and Eye Variations Low set ears Edema of the eyelids Normal variations Subconjunctival hemorrhage Transient strabismus Doll’s Eye

40 Respiratory Variations Signs of respiratory distress Nasal flaring Intercostal or xiphoid retractions Expiratory grunting or sighing Seesaw respirations Tachypnea

41

42

43 Cardiac Variations Heart is large Low pitched murmur Decreased strength or absence of femoral pulses

44

45 Female Genitalia Variations Vaginal tag Pseudomenstruation Smegma

46 Male Genitalia Variations Hypospadias Phimosis Hydrocele Cryptorchidism

47 Variations in Extremities Gross deformities Extra digits or webbing Clubfoot Hip dislocation

48

49 The asymmetry of gluteal and thigh fat folds seen in infant with left developmental of the hip. B, Barlow (dislocation) maneuver. Baby’s thigh is grasped and adducted (placed together) with gentle downward pressure. C, Dislocation is palpable as femoral head slips out of acetabulum. D, Ortolani’s maneuver puts downward pressure on the hip and then inward rotation. If the hip is dislocated, this maneuver will force the femoral head back into the acetabular rim with a noticeable “clunk

50

51

52

53 Reflexes Tonic-neck Moro Grasping Rooting Sucking Babinski Trunk incurvation

54 Protective reflexes Blink Yawn Cough Sneeze

55 Brazelton’s Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale Habituation Orientation to inanimate and animate visual and auditory assessment stimuli Motor activity Variations Self-quieting activity Cuddliness or social behaviors

56 The End of Part 2


Download ppt "Developed by D. Ann Currie, RN, MSN. Neonatal Assessment."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google