Presentation on theme: "1960’s The Times They are a Changin’ How did Australia change in the 1960’s? Why did society change reasonably quickly compared to previous decades?"— Presentation transcript:
1960’s The Times They are a Changin’ How did Australia change in the 1960’s? Why did society change reasonably quickly compared to previous decades?
1950’s and 1960’s advertisements for breakfast cereals offering new fast food convenience with freebies that appealed to children
Children were now directly targeted by advertisers to influence their parents choices at the supermarket.
Free toys to encourage children to influence the purchase of foods higher in sugar. Busy parents also liked these new convenience foods as they were easy to prepare for breakfast. Today we accept cereals as normal everyday breakfast foods.
American fads increasingly influenced young Australians. Swap cards, toys and weekly collections all successfully influenced spending patterns of parents.
New Technology Communications - telephone - faster overseas travel Entertainment - photography - electric music amplifiers - LP records - Reel to Reel tape recorders Televison
Long distance telephone calls could be connected with the operators assistance from S.ubscriber T.runk D.ialling or STD was still another few years away. This 1950’s American ad promotes their long distance phone companies. We followed later.
First telephone conversation from Melbourne to Sydney. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 9 Apr 1962
Photography was now even more accessible to a new consumer market as cameras were now easy “point and shoot” not complicated SLR’s.
Developing this film was still a long and relatively expensive process and slides, not prints were the more common viewing medium until the mid 1970’s.
Jack Brabham leaves for Italy on a Qantas jet plane at the Kingsford-Smith Airport on the 15 March He was one of the world's best racing drivers in the 1950's and 1960's, winning the world championship three times
1960’s New music The Beatles New fads, fashions and trends. “Mop Top” Hairdos Stovepipe trousers New electrical equipment Amplifiers
TV Week front page story of 1960 Gold Logie winner Jimmie Hannon. Note the men’s fashionable hair style.
A typical TV studio of the 1960’s. This studio TV camera would now be about one third the size due to microchips and digital format.
TV WEEK GOLD LOGIE WINNERS 1959: No Gold Awarded. Graham Kennedy wins "TV Week Awards' Star Of The Year" 1960: Graham Kennedy (In Melbourne Tonight, GTV9) 1961: Bob Dyer (Pick A Box, ATN7) 1962: Lorrae Desmond (The Lorrae Desmond Show, ABC) 1963: Michael Carlton (Four Corners, ABC) 1964: Bobby Limb (The Mobil Bobby Limb Show, Nine) 1965: Jimmy Hannan (Saturday Date, Nine) 1966: Gordon Chater (The Mavis Bramston Show, Seven) 1967: Graham Kennedy (In Melbourne Tonight, Nine) and Hazel Phillips (Girl Talk, 0-10) 1968: Brian Henderson (Bandstand, Nine) 1969: Graham Kennedy (In Melbourne Tonight, Nine) Who won the Gold Logie 3 times and was Star of the Year once in the late 1950’s and throughout the 1960’s?
Graham Kennedy on IMT (In Melbourne Tonight) promoting Alka Seltzer. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 13 Mar 1968
1960: Graham Kennedy (In Melbourne Tonight, GTV9) Very popular (deservedly so too) nightly variety show which made Graham Kennedy a major player in Aussie TV thanks to his quick witted often almost offensive remarks. Revived twice (as The Graham Kennedy Show) in and in 1975 with Ernie Sigley as host. When Kennedy departed before the show ended other hosts (including Mike Preston, Stuart Wagstaff and Ugly Dave Gray) were tried but couldn't match his success.
Home Entertainment LP records Reel to Reel tape recorders Wireless radios
Vinyl LP records made pre- recorded music cheaper and easy to listen to in your own home. Before these modern 33 &1/3 RPM LP (long play) records which had 12 to 20 songs on two sides there were 45RPM or the even older 78’s. These older records or ‘singles’ usually contained less songs and therefore had to be changed more often. Compare this technology to a 3000 song capacity ipod of today Electric record players were very desirable and became common household appliances in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Cassette tapes took over in the 1970’s and CD’s in the 1980’s
Modern wireless radios of the 1960’s
Note the “high tech” reel to reel tape recorder used during this audio interview in the mid 1960’s
First portable domestic recording devices were called “reel to reel” recorders for the obvious reason.
Reel to reel tape was a new audio development that came before cassette tapes. Unlike vinyl records (45rpms or the older format 78’s) these reel to reel tape machines allowed easy home recording for the first time. Today a MP3 player does the same job in pocket size format.
Leisure time and Spending Patterns The milk bar and surf scene Pop Bands touring such as the Beatles Fads and Toys
A Typical beachside “milk bar” as general stores were commonly known in the 1950’s and 1960’s.
Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 1969
Emotional fans welcome the Beatles in Melbourne. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 1964
The Seekers, Australia's own singing group. From left: Athol Guy, Judy Durham, Keith Potger and Bruce Woodley with the EMI Gold record award for "The Carnival is Over". Source: The Age Research Library Date: 1966
The softer side of JoK the Wild One
What Made the News Headlines ? Berlin Wall Goes Up Man in Space Opera House Protests Capital Punishment Vietnam Better Working conditions Higher wages Assassination attempt Prime Minister Holt disappears
31 Aug 1961 Berlin Wall rises as Cold War tensions between the east (communism) and west (democracy) escalates
20 Feb 1962 US puts astronaut John Glenn into space. The “space race” was another example of east west tensions during the Cold war era of 1945 to 1991
22 Nov 1963 US President JF Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas
Construction of Sydney Opera House. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 24 Jul 1966
Pop singer Normie Rowe (centre) is off to Vietnam for 12 months. Pictured with mates Trooper Rod Beazley and Lance Corporal Bill Thomas. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 13 Jan 1969
The L1A1 is the Australian version of the Belgian FN FAL rifle. It entered into service with the Australian Army in The L1A1 was a reliable, hard-hitting, gas-operated, magazine-fed semi-automatic rifle, with a maximum battle range of 300 metres and a practical rate of fire of 20 rpm. In Vietnam the L1A1 was the standard personal weapon of the Australian soldier. With a full 20 round magazine it weighed 4.96Kg mm L1A1 SLR (Self Loading Rifle) M60 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) The 7.62mm M60 Machine Gun entered service with the Australian Army in Gas operated, air cooled and belt fed, with a quick change barrel to counter overheating during sustained fire. The rate of fire was 550 rounds per minute (cyclic), with a muzzle velocity of 860 metres per second. Maximum effective range, 860 metres bipod and 1800 metres tripod. Ammunition fired; ball, tracer, incendiary and armour piercing. In South Vietnam it was the main firepower of the infantry rifle section.
Viet Cong Tunnel System This illustration gives you a general idea as to what you might expect when entering a village searching for VC. One had to search every nook and cranny as 'Charlie' was an ingenious fellow when it came to digging hides and tunnels
M18A1 Anti-Personel ( Claymore) Mine The M18A1 was used in ambushes and perimeter defences. The Claymore Mine comprised of a curved rectangular cast- iron box with spikes fitted to the base. inside were 700 steel ball bearings in a bed of plastic explosive. it was detonated by remote control using an electric circuit; spraying its contents in a 60 degree arc and was lethal to a range of 50 meters. M79 Grenade Launcher Resembling a sawn-off shotgun, the grenade launcher was designed as a close-support weapon for the infantry. It plugged the gap between the maximum throwing distance of a hand grenade and the lowest range of supporting mortars. The M79 was a single shot, shoulder-fired weapon which broke open for loading into the breech. It fired a 40 mm grenade and had a killing range of 5 metres. Its weight loaded, was 3Kg, with a muzzle velocity of 75 metres per second and a maximum range of 400 metres.
Assassination attempt on Arthur Calwell in Sydney. The window of Mr Calwell's car was shattered. Source: The Age Research Library Date: 22 Jun 1966
1 Jan 1968 Prime Minister Harold Holt disappears in the surf at Cheviot Beach, Portsea