How Do We Remember? 10 Year Anniversary Memorial Services
Key Terms and People Who? al-Qaeda George W. Bush Osama Bin Laden Taliban Where? World Trade Center Buildings 1 and 2, Manhattan, NYC Pentagon, Arlington, VA Flight 93, Shanksville, PA
Key Terms and People Con’t… Why? U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East U.S. Support of Israel Political and Religious Extremism
That day… Tuesday, September 11 th, 2001 4 Planes 19 al-Qaeda insurgents 4 targets 3 impacts on target
Motives… US military presence in the Middle East US aide to Israel Iraq Sanctions
Methods… Terrorism- Violent acts intended to instill fear for a political or religious goal which deliberately targets or disregards the safety of civilian life.
Why these particular flights? East to West flight pattern Intended to land in Los Angeles or San Francisco Full tanks of fuel
Brief Chronology 8:46 AM Flight 11 hits WTC North Tower
Brief Chronology 9:03 AM Flight 175 hits WTC South Tower Several news sources catch live footage. Several news sources catch live footage. Several news sources catch live footage. Mass fear and confusion begins…(terrorism)
Where is the President? Emma E. Booker Elementary School, Sarasota, Florida Promoting education: Reading “The Pet Goat” to elementary school children. Continued lesson as not to alarm students
Brief Chronology 9:37 AM Flight 77 impacts western side of Pentagon, Arlington, VA Section of Pentagon was under renovation.
Brief Chronology 9:45 AM US Airspace is shut down. All flights are to land at nearest airports as soon as possible.
Brief Chronology 9:57 AM: Flight 93 “Black Box” evidence that passengers revolt against terrorists on- board. 10:03 AM: Flight 93 crashes in Shanksville, PA in a field. 9/11 Commission reports US Capitol or White House as intended targets
Casualties Total Casualties (Including 19 hijackers): 2,977 WTC site: 2,606 Pentagon: 184 (including 55 military personnel) Shanksville, PA: 40 More than 90 countries lost citizens– NOT JUST THE US!
What about…? Osama Bin Laden- Initially denied involvement. Acknowledged al-Qaeda involvement in 2004. Was thought to be under the protection of the Taliban in Afghanistan following attacks.
The Taliban Islamist militia and terrorist group. Was in control of most of Afghanistan, including the capital (Kabul)
Lasting Impacts War on Terror- US, UK, NATO, and non-NATO countries. Began on October 7 th, 2001 and still ongoing. Goal- Eliminate al- Qaeda and other terrorist groups
Lasting Impacts Con’t… Iraq War (2003-Present) Response to not allowing UN to investigate for possible WMD’s. President Saddam Hussein was found in ad-Dawr, Iraq in 2003. Executed in Dec. 2006 “Crimes Against Humanity”
Lasting Impacts Con’t… The USA PATRIOT Act Allows US law enforcement more access to individuals: -Telephone calls/text msg -E-mails -Internet transactions -Medical and financial records
USA PATRIOT Act Expanded US Treasury Authority: Regulate transactions with foreign entities. Broadened immigration authorities’ ability to detain and deport immigrants suspected of terrorist acts.
Journal Question In what ways do you feel the USA PATRIOT Act affects your privacy with considerations to your digital dossier and digital footprint? Please respond in a minimum of 10 sentences! This will give you a 100% participation grade.