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Malnutrition is a broad term which refers to both under nutrition and over nutrition. Individuals are malnourished, or suffer from under nutrition if.

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Presentation on theme: "Malnutrition is a broad term which refers to both under nutrition and over nutrition. Individuals are malnourished, or suffer from under nutrition if."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Malnutrition is a broad term which refers to both under nutrition and over nutrition. Individuals are malnourished, or suffer from under nutrition if their diet does not provide them with adequate calories and protein for maintenance and growth. People are also malnourished, or suffer from over nutrition if they consume too many calories.

3 Malnutrition harms people both physically and mentally. The more nutrients he or she is missing the more likely it is that person will have problems. Malnutrition harms people both physically and mentally. The more nutrients he or she is missing the more likely it is that person will have problems. Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious disease and moderate malnutrition weakens every part of the immune system. Protein and energy malnutrition and deficiencies of specific micronutrients increase susceptibility to infection. In communities or areas that lack access to safe drinking water, these additional health risks present a critical problem. Lower energy and impaired function of the brain also represent the downward spiral of malnutrition as victims are less able to perform the tasks they need to in order to acquire food, earn an income, or gain an education. Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious disease and moderate malnutrition weakens every part of the immune system. Protein and energy malnutrition and deficiencies of specific micronutrients increase susceptibility to infection. In communities or areas that lack access to safe drinking water, these additional health risks present a critical problem. Lower energy and impaired function of the brain also represent the downward spiral of malnutrition as victims are less able to perform the tasks they need to in order to acquire food, earn an income, or gain an education.

4 The signs and symptoms of malnutrition depend on which nutritional deficiencies a person has, although they can include: fatigue and low energy dizziness poor immune function dry, scaly skin swollen and bleeding gums decaying teeth slowed reaction times and trouble paying attention underweight poor growth muscle weakness bloated stomach bones that break easily problems with organ function problems learning

5 Fortunately, many of the harmful effects of malnutrition can be reversed, especially if a person is only mildly malnourished. If you or your parents think you aren't getting enough of the right nutrients, you can seek advice from your doctor, who may look for signs of malnutrition in several ways. He or she will ask about how you are feeling. Fortunately, many of the harmful effects of malnutrition can be reversed, especially if a person is only mildly malnourished. If you or your parents think you aren't getting enough of the right nutrients, you can seek advice from your doctor, who may look for signs of malnutrition in several ways. He or she will ask about how you are feeling. When checking for malnutrition, a doctor may do one of several things: When checking for malnutrition, a doctor may do one of several things: Look at person’s BMI to see whether it's in the healthy range Look at person’s BMI to see whether it's in the healthy range Check for diseases or conditions that might be the underlying cause of malnutrition Check for diseases or conditions that might be the underlying cause of malnutrition Use blood tests to check for nutritional deficiencies Use blood tests to check for nutritional deficiencies

6 The World Bank estimates that India is ranked 1st in the world of the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world. The UN estimates that 2.1 million Indian children die before reaching the age of 5 every year – four every minute! One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India. The World Bank estimates that India is ranked 1st in the world of the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world. The UN estimates that 2.1 million Indian children die before reaching the age of 5 every year – four every minute! One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India.

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8 In most of the world, malnutrition is present in the form of under-nutrition, which is caused by a diet lacking adequate calories and protein, not enough food, and of poor quality. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that nearly 870 million people or one in eight people in the world, were suffering from undernourishment in In most of the world, malnutrition is present in the form of under-nutrition, which is caused by a diet lacking adequate calories and protein, not enough food, and of poor quality. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that nearly 870 million people or one in eight people in the world, were suffering from undernourishment in

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10 The best way to prevent and ensure that you get the correct amount of nutrients is to eat a healthy, balanced diet. The best way to prevent and ensure that you get the correct amount of nutrients is to eat a healthy, balanced diet. A healthy and balanced diet contains foods from all the major food groups. A healthy and balanced diet contains foods from all the major food groups. The four main food groups are: The four main food groups are: fruit and vegetables – at least 5 A DAY fruit and vegetables – at least 5 A DAY bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, cereals and other starchy foods bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, cereals and other starchy foods milk and dairy foods – such as cheese and yoghurt milk and dairy foods – such as cheese and yoghurt meat, fish, eggs, beans, nuts, and other non-dairy sources of protein meat, fish, eggs, beans, nuts, and other non-dairy sources of protein


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