Presentation on theme: "4 th Quarter Periodical Test A Review. Choose the BEST answer. 1. Shield volcanoes __. A. are associated with effusive eruptions B. have very steep sides."— Presentation transcript:
Choose the BEST answer. 1. Shield volcanoes __. A. are associated with effusive eruptions B. have very steep sides C. mostly emit pyroclastic material from their central vent D. are associated with all the above
Choose the BEST answer. 2. Hawaii is made of volcanoes due to ___. A. plates moving apart B. a hot spot C. plates pressing together D. rift zones
Choose the BEST answer. 3. Geothermal energy __. A. relies on heat from the sun B. reduces the need for fossil fuels C. increases air pollution D. is not possible in the Philippines
Choose the BEST answer. 4. The most volcanically active body in the solar system today is __. A. Earth B. Io C. Jupiter D. Mars
Choose the BEST answer. 5. ___, the world's most active volcano, has been erupting for centuries. A. Mt. Saint Helens B. Mt. Pinatubo C. Taal D. Kilauea
Choose the BEST answer. 6. Which of the following types of seismic waves arrive at a seismograph first? A. P waves B. S waves C. surface waves D. All of these waves arrive at the same time.
Choose the BEST answer. 7. What type of seismic waves are S waves? A. surface waves B. shear waves C. compressional waves D. tsunamis
Choose the BEST answer. 8. The ground motion during a Richter magnitude 7 earthquake is ______ times large than the ground motion during a Richter magnitude 6 earthquake. A. 2 B. 10 C. 100 D. 1000
Choose the BEST answer. 9. How many seismograph stations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 or more
Choose the BEST answer. 10. As the distance to an epicenter increases, ___. A. the elapsed time before the P- waves arrive decreases B. the elapsed time between the arrival of the P- and S-waves increases C. the wave amplitude increases D. the ground shaking increases
Choose the BEST answer. 11. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is most important as a __. A. filter for ultraviolet light B. heat absorber C. reflector of sunlight D. source of fossil fuel
Choose the BEST answer. 12. Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer? A. mesosphere B. stratosphere C. thermosphere D. troposphere
Choose the BEST answer. 13. Which two atmospheric layers have temperature profiles that promote convection? A. mesosphere and stratosphere B. mesosphere and thermosphere C. mesosphere and troposphere D. stratosphere and thermosphere
Choose the BEST answer. 14. How is the troposphere mostly warmed? A. The stratosphere warms it. B. The troposphere absorbs sunlight directly. C. The Sun warms the Earth's surface, which warms the air above it. D. The gases in the troposphere absorb heat from the Sun.
Choose the BEST answer. 15. What is the outermost layer of the atmosphere called? A. mesosphere B. troposphere C. stratosphere D. thermosphere
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 1.Which is the fault? 2.Where does the earthquake start? 3.Which is the epicenter? C A B
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. True or False 1.The picture shows a stratovolcano. 2.It erupts quietly. 3.Its magma is of very low viscosity. F F F
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. True or False 1.Sodium makes up most of the atmosphere. 2.There is more oxygen than hydrogen. 3.The Earth has exactly the same composition of gases. F T F
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 1.Which wave is the most destructive? Surface waves
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 2. Which wave arrived first? P waves
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 3. What is the P and S wave time interval? Around 6 seconds
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 1. Which seismograph will be the first to pick up seismic waves? A
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 2. Which seismograph will record the shortest P and S wave interval? A
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 3. Which seismograph will have the lowest Richter rating? C
Encircle the word(s) that BEST completes the sentence. 1.The Mercalli scale describes the (intensity, magnitude) of an earthquake. 2.A Hawaiian eruption is (effusive, explosive). 3.(Lightning, Trees) help to change nitrogen in the air into a usable form.
Study the illustrations and answer as directed. 1.The cow releases CO 2 into the air in what process? 2. Does it inhale nitrogen? 3. Does it get nitrogen from the grass it eats? respiration yes
Put a if the statement describes a good safety/conservation practice. 1.Immediately go out of a building during an earthquake. 2.Burn your garbage to keep the Earth clean. 3.Plug up the craters of active volcanoes so they won’t erupt and cause destruction. 4.Ride a hot air balloon into the mesosphere.