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Introductory remarks What characterizes the solid state? States of matter Plasma Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Anomaly of water: Clausius-Clapeyron For more info click http://physics.unl.edu/~cbinek/Phase%20transitions.pps http://physics.unl.edu/~cbinek/Phase%20transitions.pps
Crystalline SiO 2 Quartz (SiO 2 ) crystal amorph glass Looks like “supercooled Liquid” Silicon atom Oxygen atom Solids Click for details about quartz
The problem: > 10 23 electrons experience Coulomb interaction Help: symmetry regularly repeated arrangement of atoms Quantum MechanicsStatistical Physics approximate Solution Crystalline solid
- metals, semiconductors, insulators - lattice dynamics, thermal properties - optical and dielectric properties, magnetic properties - superconductivity Special relativity
Diamond Tetrahedral Lattice of Carbon. Graphite Sheets or Layers of Rings of Carbon.
Liquids and Solids Solids. Objectives 1.Explain the properties of solids according to the KMT. 2.Distinguish between amorphous and crystalline solids.
S OLIDS 10.3 S OLIDS How do the particles in a solid behave? Shape and Volume Definite Definite Melting Point Melting – the physical change of a solid.
Solids. Motion & Arrangement Vibrate about center of mass. – Cannot “translate” or move from place to place. – Cannot slide past each other or flow. Packed.
Solids and Liquids The Microstructure of Solids The Microstructure of Solids Which one of these is not a crystal?
States of Matter Solids. States of Matter Objectives Describe the motion of particles in solids and the properties of solids according to the kinetic-molecular.
Chapter 2 SOLID LIQUID PLASMA GAS SOLID definite shape & definite volume.
Allotropes of Carbon Topic 4.2. Covalent Crystalline Solids There are substances which have a crystalline structure in which all the atoms are linked.
Chapter 10 – Liquids and Solids 10.4 – 10.5 Notes AP Chemistry.
Matter and Atomic Structure Section 3.3- State of Matter.
Physical Properties Liquids & Solids. Liquids vs. Solids LIQUIDS Stronger than in gases Y high N slower than in gases SOLIDS Very strong N high N extremely.
Solids Definite shape - a solid will remain in that shape Definite volume - it will not expand.
10.3: Solids By: Grace, Rosa, Zoie and Jaylen. Properties of Solids in Kinetic- Molecular Theory The particles of a solid are closely packed, therefore.
CHAPTER 16 Solids and Liquids 16.2 The Microstructure of Solids.
Three States of Matter Part I. Matter All matter is made up of tiny particles, called atoms, which cannot be seen even using normal (visible light) microscopes.
II. Physical Properties (p )
Chapter Three: Solids, Liquids and Gases Section 1: States of Matter How can you describe the motion of particles in a solid, a liquid and a gas?
Lesson Starter Compare the plaster of Paris mixture before it hardens to the product after it hardens. Section 3 Solids Chapter 10.
Nanoelectronics Chapter 5 Electrons Subjected to a Periodic Potential – Band Theory of Solids
Liquids and Solids (cont’d). Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 16c–2 Electrical Properties Metallic Conductors, e.g. Cu, Ag...
SOLID STATE PHYSICS & Electronics 1.
Dominated by... ◦ Closely packed particles ◦ Relatively fixed position ◦ Highest intramolecular attractions Are... ◦ Definite shape and volume ◦ Definite.
Solid-state physics Gorbachenko Vasyl. What is it? Solid-state physics is the study of rigid matter, or solids, through methods such as quantum mechanics,
Solids and Modern Materials Chapter 12. Classifying Solids Based on Bonds Metallic solids Ionic solids Covalent-network solids Molecular solids.
PHASES OF MATTER Can exist in three phases (forms)...
Chapter 12 – Solids and Modern Materials 11.1 – Classification of Solids Solids are classified by the types of bonds that hold the atoms in place. Metallic.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Chapter 11.
Chemistry 1011 Slot 51 Chemistry 1011 TOPIC Physical Properties of Matter TEXT REFERENCE Masterton and Hurley Chapter 9.
Solids Chemistry Mrs. Coyle. Solids Atoms vibrate about fixed positions.
What is a Mineral? SWBAT define mineral; describe how minerals form; identify the most common elements in earth’s crust.
Chemistry. What is Chemistry? The study of composition, properties, and transformations of matter.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Chapter 10.
Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds Section 4.3 Pages
1 An Arrangement for Obtaining the X-ray Diffraction Pattern of a Crystal.
Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Chemistry Unit 6.
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt States of Matter Solids Liquids Gases.
How can you describe the motion of particles in a solid? How can you describe the motion of particles in a liquid? How can you describe the motion of particles.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Chapter 14.
Chemistry Chapter 13 Notes #4 Liquids and Solids.
THE NATURE OF SOLIDS SECTION 10.3 After reading Section 10.3, you should know: properties of solids the difference between single-cubic, body- centered.
Properties of Liquids Surface tension is the resistance of a liquid to an increase in its surface area. Strong intermolecular forces (polar molecules)
Matter Chapter Five 5.2 Solid Matter 5.2 Mechanical properties “Strength” describes the ability of a solid object to maintain its shape even when force.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Chapter 13.
What is a mineral? Naturally occurring Inorganic Solid Specific chemical composition Definite crystalline structure.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Chapter 11 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
1 Quick and Dirty Introduction to Mott Insulators Introduction to Solid State Physics
John E. McMurry Robert C. Fay Lecture Notes Alan D. Earhart Southeast Community College Lincoln, NE General Chemistry: Atoms First Chapter 10 Liquids,
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