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II. Physical Properties (p. 363 - 371)Ch Liquids & Solids II. Physical Properties (p )
A. Liquids vs. Solids IMF Strength Fluid Density CompressibleDiffusion LIQUIDS Stronger than in gases Y high N slower than in gases SOLIDS Very strong N high extremely slow
B. Liquid Properties Surface Tensionattractive force between particles in a liquid that minimizes surface area
B. Liquid Properties Capillary Actionattractive force between the surface of a liquid and the surface of a solid water mercury
C. Types of Solids Crystalline - repeating geometric patterncovalent network metallic ionic covalent molecular Amorphous - no geometric pattern decreasing m.p.
C. Types of Solids Ionic (NaCl) Metallic
C. Types of Solids Covalent Molecular Covalent Network Amorphous (H2O)(SiO2 - quartz) Amorphous (SiO2 - glass)
Phase Changes Click Here
Physical Properties Liquids & Solids. Liquids vs. Solids LIQUIDS Stronger than in gases Y high N slower than in gases SOLIDS Very strong N high N extremely.
Liquids & Solids I. Intermolecular Forces. A. Definition of IMF Attractive forces between molecules. Much weaker than chemical bonds within molecules.
I. Intermolecular Forces (Ch. 6, p )
I. Kinetic Molecular Theory KMT. Assumptions of KMT All matter is composed of tiny particles These particles are in constant, random motion. Some particles.
Intermolecular Forces. Kinetic Molecular Theory Describes the behavior of subatomic particles Liquids, solids, and gases are composed of small particles.
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Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT). Use the Kinetic Molecular Theory to explain properties of solids, liquids and gases. Include: intermolecular forces, elastic.
Solids. Motion & Arrangement Vibrate about center of mass. – Cannot “translate” or move from place to place. – Cannot slide past each other or flow. Packed.
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Liquids and Solids KMT of Liquids and Solids, Phase Diagram, Vapor Pressure Curve, Heating/Cooling Curve.
Properties of Solids and the Kinetic- Molecular Theory The particles of a solid are more closely packed than those of a liquid or a gas. All interparticle.
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Kinetic molecular theory and liquids and solids. Particles in constant motion, Particles not bound together in fixed position Particles closer together.
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1. Intro a. Least common state of matter in universe b. Can only exist within a relatively narrow range of temps 2. Properties a. Definite volume and.
Dominated by... ◦ Closely packed particles ◦ Relatively fixed position ◦ Highest intramolecular attractions Are... ◦ Definite shape and volume ◦ Definite.
States of Matter A Matter of Kinetic Energy. Types of States of Matter Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Beam BEC, or Bose-Einstein Condensate – Zero State of Matter.
Liquids and Solids Liquids. Objectives Identify and explain the properties of liquids according to the Kinetic Molecular Theory Describe the process in.
Properties of Solids. Intermolecular Forces of Attraction Ch. 11 is about liquids and solids… where the attraction between particles allows the formation.
Chap 12 Liquids and Solids. Properties of Liquids and the Kinetic-Molecular Theory Liquid- is a form of matter that has a definite volume and takes the.
Properties of Liquids Surface tension is the resistance of a liquid to an increase in its surface area. Strong intermolecular forces (polar molecules)
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S OLIDS 10.3 S OLIDS How do the particles in a solid behave? Shape and Volume Definite Definite Melting Point Melting – the physical change of a solid.
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Unit 11: States of Matter. -- ++ Types of Covalent Bonds Polar Covalent Bond Polar Covalent Bond –e - are shared unequally –asymmetrical e - density.
The behavior of gases in motion is described by the kinetic molecular theory. Kinetic molecular theory: gases are small particles, separated by empty.
Solids AMORPHOUS- THOSE WITH MUCH DISORDER IN THEIR STRUCTURE. CRYSTALLINE- HAVE A REGULAR ARRANGEMENT OF COMPONENTS IN THEIR STRUCTURE.
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Liquids and Solids. Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces are the attraction between molecules They vary in strength, but are generally weaker.
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