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Comparison of a Button Cell to a Dry Cell By Elisha, Jeremy and Tom.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparison of a Button Cell to a Dry Cell By Elisha, Jeremy and Tom."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparison of a Button Cell to a Dry Cell By Elisha, Jeremy and Tom

2 Button Cell

3 Chemistry of the Button Cell Half Equations ▫Cathode reaction Ag 2 O (s) + H 2 O (l) + 2e - → 2Ag (s) + 2OH - ▫Anode Reaction Zn (s) + 2OH - → ZnO (s) + H 2 O + 2e - Full Equation Zn (s) + Ag 2 O (s) → 2Ag (s) + ZnO (s)

4 Cost and Practicality Silver is an expensive metal The production of the cell is therefore expensive Non rechargeable Small and light Has a relatively long life span

5 Impact on Society Due to its small size it has allowed the production of small electrical appliances Due to its non toxic nature it has allowed for it to be used inside the body

6 Environmental Impacts Due to its unrechargeable nature, it has to be discarded or recycled after only one use Potassium hydroxide that is found within the cell is caustic (causing corrosion) No highly toxic materials that will harm the environment

7 Dry Cell/ Alkaline Cell

8 Chemistry Half Equations ▫Cathode reaction ▫MnO 2(s) + 2H 2 0 (l) +2e  Mn(OH) 2 (s) +2OH (aq) ▫Anode Reaction Zn(s)+2OH (aq)  Zn (OH) 2 (s) + 2e ▫Overall Reaction ▫MnO 2(s) + 2H 2 0 (l) + Zn(s)+2OH (aq)  Mn(OH) 2 (s) +2OH (aq) +Zn (OH) 2 (s)

9 Cost and Practicality Very cheap Form of paste it is very convenient, being very transportable. Small and easy to store and use Maintains a steady voltage, therefore they are good for a range of electronic such as torches, walkman and toys. Cannot be recharged Short life Cannot deliver a high current Battery may leak

10 Impact on Society Due to its low constant voltage it is used for common appliances such as torches, toys and portable radios/cds Due to its mobility, portable items like flashlights could be used, therefore increasing the development of electrial equipments/ devices. The popularity of batteries have increased

11 Environmental Impact Small amounts of zinc are not problematic, however large amounts of zinc is a threat. Manganese is also a heavy metal, dispose in large quantities are not beneficial for the environment.


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