Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up Answer the following questions using COMPLETE SENTENCES on a sheet of paper. 1. What is an autocrat? 2. What were two advantages of building a."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up Answer the following questions using COMPLETE SENTENCES on a sheet of paper. 1. What is an autocrat? 2. What were two advantages of building a city where Constantinople was located? 3. Who was the first emperor of the Byzantine Empire and what was his wife’s name? 4. What two buildings in Constantinople did Justinian build or rebuild? 5. What is the Justinian Code?
Agenda for Today Warm-Up #1 Byzantine Art/Architecture Notes The Great Schism Activity Byzantine/Russia Worksheet Justinian Code Worksheet
Analyze the primary source then answer the four questions on the back with a partner!
Essential Questions Why was the Hagia Sophia so important to the Byzantine Empire? Describe what the Hippodrome was used for. What were mosaics? What were icons typically depicting?
Byzantine Art and Architecture
The Hagia Sophia
Built by Justinian. Orthodox Church Largest dome in world at time. Showed glory of God. Built with government money.
Lots of light and open space. Colors reflect light, produce “warmth.”
Hagia Sophia convinced Vladimir (Kiev) to convert to Christianity. Vladimir thought Byzantine God must be powerful!
Hippodrome Held 60,000 spectators Wild chariot races and circus acts
Hippodrome comes from Greek words meaning “horse” and “racecourse”
Mosaics Designs made by pieces of stone, glass, etc. Covered floors, walls, ceilings. Usually religious or natural themes. Figures appear stiff (not real). Calm faces try to inspire reverence.
Icons Small religious picture used to help focus prayer. Depict Jesus, Mary, Saints, Angels
Partner Activity Read the Great Schism worksheet with your partner Pick 5 areas of differences between the Byzantine Empire and Western Europe Create a poster describing the differences and include a picture for each explanation