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Rock Art in Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "Rock Art in Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rock Art in Africa



4 Map of North Africa

5 And in the Namib Desert of southern Africa.
Engravings and paintings on rock surfaces found in the Tassili Plateau, Algeria And in the Namib Desert of southern Africa. Well over 30, 000 sites have been discovered Rock Art indicates that there has been human habitation in the Sahara from 8000 BP Domestication of Animal and sedentary lifestyle

6 Paintings and Engravings in the Sahara are categorized into 4 periods:
1. Archaic/ Bubalous Period ( BP) Characteristics: a) Large scale animals incised and engraved on rock surfaces b) Naturalistic representations of animals: elephants, buffalo, hippopotamuses, giraffe, antelopes c) many of the animals are now extinct 2. Pastoral Period ( BP) Characteristics: a) smaller scale paintings done with red and white pigments b) Depictions of cattle with humans c) Fairly accurate details in terms of proportions, colors etc d) Depiction of humans engaged in different activities including sports and warfare

7 further sub divided into: Horse and Chariot sub-period
3. Horse Period: BP further sub divided into: Horse and Chariot sub-period Characteristics: human figures become bi-triangular Head size shrinks Small weapons and horse drawn chariots appear 4. Camel Period: 2700 BP Characteristics: Quite possibly the most recent period of rock art painted by the present inhabitants of the Sahara Horses are depicted with Arabic fittings Human figures are very small and depictions of camels are common

8 Elephant, Rock Engraving, Bubalus/Cattle Period

9 Super imposition, Elephant and Giraffes, Engraving, Fezan Region, Libya After 8000 BC Appr. 10, 000 BP

10 Niola Doa (Beautiful Ladies)
Chad Republic Pastoral Period Rock engraving, (note the vertical grooves supposedly created in recent times, by women to increase their fertility)

11 Mother and child scene, Rock painting, Tassili N’Ajer, southern Algeria Pastoralist Period BP

12 Hairdressing in the Akakus Mountains, Libya
Hairdressing in the Akakus Mountains, Libya. The scene reflects the recent lifestyle of modern Fulani peoples who dress their hair in similar manner and may link the Paintings to their ancestors. Pigment on rock, 6000 BP

13 Ladies on Horseback, Rock Painting, Tassili, Algeria

14 Two lovers holding hands super imposed on faint but visible images of animals in
White pigment, Western Chad Republic

15 Cattle Rock painting, Cattle Period, Tassili, Southern Algeria, (10,000-8,000 BP)

16 Figure with mask like head, Rock Painting, Tassili, Southern Algeria
(10, BP)

17 Faceless figure, Painting, Tassili, Archaic Period

18 The Great Fishing God of Sefar, Rock painting, Tassili, Algeria, 10, 000 BC

19 Stylized figures with cattle
And horse drawn chariot

20 Horse-drawn chariot, Painting, Chariot sub period, Tassili, Algeria

21 Herdsman with cattle Painting, Cattle/Pastoralist Period,

22 Camel, Painting, Late/Camel Period, Tassili, Algeria

23 Map of southern Africa

24 Panoramic view of the Drakensberg mountains

25 The oldest painting dates to 28, 000 BP
Engravings and paintings are widely distributed throughout southern Africa The oldest painting dates to 28, 000 BP They were created by the San peoples The paintings depict healing ceremonies, visions, and realistic and abstract depictions of animals Characteristics: under water scenes of water buffalo, humans and snakes Visions of shaman or healers Healers in altered states of consciousness Healing rituals still being performed today by the San Peoples

26 Art mobile—art mobilier, Rock painting, San Peoples, (28,000 BP)

27 White lady of Brandberg, Namibia, Southern Africa

28 White Lady of Brandberg,
Dark skin male figure covered with White paint or ostrich egg/pigments, San Painting, Polychrome Namibia

29 Abstracted figures, San peoples Polychrome Tanzania

30 Zebra, San Peoples, Polychrome, Zimbabwe

31 Antelopes, San Painting, Polychrome, South Africa

32 Battle scene with the British
San Painting Polychrome South Africa

33 Animal scene--Lion, Giraffe, horses, polychrome, South Africa

34 Bloated Crocodile, Rock Painting, San Peoples, Zimbabwe

35 Eland and Wildebeest Rock Engravings San Peoples, Northern Cape, South Africa

36 San religious ceremony,
Polychrome, South Africa

37 Dancing Figures, San Peoples, polychrome, Drakensberg Mountains,South Africa

38 Drawing after a painting depicting a ritual ceremony
---note the depiction/presence of phospheme

39 San healing ritual ceremony, early 20th century

40 “Recent” San trance ritual ceremony

41 San healing ritual ceremony

42 Therianthrope San Peoples

43 Shaman’s X-ray vision, rock painting, south African

44 Therianthrope and Eland, San Peoples, Polychrome, Eastern Cape, South Africa

45 Shaman in Trance, San Painting, Polychrome, Makoni, Zimbabwe

46 A family of Rhinos, San peoples, Polychrome Botswana, Southern Africa

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