3Carbon 14 dating of charcoal and animal bones established age of Cave Art sites. Paint made out of charcoal , rocks and minerals mixed with animal fat.Black made from charcoal or Black HemaliteWhite made from chalk.Yellow , red and brown made from Ocher
4Why did Paleolithic Man make Cave Art? The paintings are believed to have a religious purpose.Religious leaders known as Shamans were painted at Les Trois Friers and Lascaux.The paintings may have been visions the Shamans had during trances they entered into trying to contact the spirit world during religious ceremonies.The animals they painted were the largest in their world and NOT their main sources of food.
18Altamira: High Point of Cave Art Highly DetailedDramatic Action
19“In 20,000 years, we have learned nothing!” Pablo Picasso
20Why were the Cave Art sites abandoned Circa 14,000 B.C.? Humans began building stone temples.The archaeological dig at Gobekli Tepli in Turkey has unearthed stone structures filled with carvings of animals.Gobekli Tepli has been dated to 11,000 B.C. The Neolithic Age had begun.
21Saharan Rock Art 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC The Saharan 8,000 BCThe Saharan was a Steppe (Savannah) in the Ice Age.Saharan Desert AD
22Neolithic Rock Art 8,000 BC- 2,000 BC People and domestic animals appear