Presentation on theme: "The Creative Revolution Paleolithic Cave Art 35,000 BC – 14,000 BC Western Europe 200+ sites Famous sites: Chauvet, France Lascaux, France Altamira, Spain."— Presentation transcript:
The Creative Revolution Paleolithic Cave Art 35,000 BC – 14,000 BC Western Europe 200+ sites Famous sites: Chauvet, France Lascaux, France Altamira, Spain
Chauvet Cave, France 32,000 B.C.
Carbon 14 dating of charcoal and animal bones established age of Cave Art sites. Paint made out of charcoal, rocks and minerals mixed with animal fat. Black made from charcoal or Black Hemalite White made from chalk. Yellow, red and brown made from Ocher
Why did Paleolithic Man make Cave Art? The paintings are believed to have a religious purpose. Religious leaders known as Shamans were painted at Les Trois Friers and Lascaux. The paintings may have been visions the Shamans had during trances they entered into trying to contact the spirit world during religious ceremonies. The animals they painted were the largest in their world and NOT their main sources of food.
Ice Age Southern Europe
Ice Age: 100,000 BC – 10,000 BC Ice Age (The earth was colder)
Muskox: Chauvet Cave
Horses: Chauvet cave
Cave Bear and Leopard Chauvet Cave
Cave Lions: Chauvet Cave
Wooly Rhino, Bison, Mammoth Chauvet Cave
Running Bison and Fighting Rhinos Chauvet Cave
Aurochs: Ancestor of all Cattle
Roufignac, France 22,000 B.C. Mammoths
Lascaux, France 17,000 B.C. Hall Of Bulls
Altamira, Spain 14,000 BC
Altamira : High Point of Cave Art Highly DetailedDramatic Action
“In 20,000 years, we have learned nothing!” Pablo Picasso
Why were the Cave Art sites abandoned Circa 14,000 B.C.? Humans began building stone temples. The archaeological dig at Gobekli Tepli in Turkey has unearthed stone structures filled with carvings of animals. Gobekli Tepli has been dated to 11,000 B.C. The Neolithic Age had begun.
Saharan Rock Art 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC Saharan Desert 2010 AD The Saharan 8,000 BC The Saharan was a Steppe (Savannah) in the Ice Age.
Neolithic Rock Art 8,000 BC- 2,000 BC People and domestic animals appear