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Simple Machines A simple machine is a machine with few or no moving parts. Simple machines make work easier.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple Machines A simple machine is a machine with few or no moving parts. Simple machines make work easier."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simple Machines A simple machine is a machine with few or no moving parts. Simple machines make work easier.

2 There are 6 types of Simple Machines  pulley  lever  wedge  wheel and axel  inclined plane  screw

3 Inclined Plane

4 An inclined plane is a slanting surface, such as a ramp, that connects a lower level to a higher level. An inclined plane can be used to alter the effort and distance involved in doing work, such as lifting loads. The trade-off is that an object must be moved a longer distance than if it was lifted straight up, but less force is needed. Examples: Staircase, Ramp

5 Wedge

6 A wedge is an object with at least one slanting side ending in a sharp edge, which cuts material apart. Examples: Axe, Zipper, Knife

7 Screw

8 A screw is an inclined plane wrapped around a shaft or cylinder. This inclined plane allows the screw to move itself or to move an object or material surrounding it when rotated. Examples: Bolt, Spiral Staircase

9 Lever

10 A lever is a stiff bar that rests on a support called a fulcrum which lifts or moves loads. The fulcrum can be moved depending on the weight of the object to be lifted or the force you wish to exert. Pushing down on one end of a lever results in the upward motion of the opposite end of the fulcrum. Examples: Door on Hinges, Seesaw, Hammer, Bottle Opener

11 Wheel and Axel

12 A wheel and axel together make a simple machine. A wheel with a rod, called an axle, through its center lifts or moves loads. Examples: Door Knob, Wagon, Toy Car

13 Pulley

14 A pulley is a simple machine that uses grooved wheels and a rope to raise, lower or move a load. Pulling down on the rope can lift an object attached to the rope. Work is made easier because pulling down on the rope is made easier due to gravity. Examples: Flag Pole, Crane, Mini-Blinds

15 See how many simple machines you can find!

16 Powerpoint by Kim Diamond

17 Simple Machines: A First Look. Rainbow Educational Media unitedstreaming. 6 September 2005 Bibliography Simple Machines. 100% Educational Videos unitedstreaming. 6 September


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