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WWII – American Homefront An American Story…... America Mobilizes How America mobilizes its human resources- Selective Service- expanded the draft to.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII – American Homefront An American Story…... America Mobilizes How America mobilizes its human resources- Selective Service- expanded the draft to."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII – American Homefront An American Story…..

2 America Mobilizes How America mobilizes its human resources- Selective Service- expanded the draft to add another 10 million soldiers GIs- reported to military bases for 8 weeks of basic training Factories retooled to build tanks, planes, boats and command cars

3 American Economy Office of Price Admin (OPA) – froze wages, prices, rationed foods War Production Board (WPB) – rationed fuel and materials vital to war (gas, metal) Dept of Treasury – issued war bonds Office of Scientific Research and Dev (OSRD)mobilized scientists (radar, atomic) Roosevelt-full participation of all workers

4 GIs, rations, coupons

5 AMERICAN WOMEN WAAC (Women’s Auxiliary Army Corp) -women volunteers would serve in non- combat roles (nurses, ambulance drivers, radio operators, electricians) full benefits 6 million plus worked in factories –welding and riveting guns Gave them the opportunity to prove themselves in a variety of professions

6 Women

7 NATIVE AMERICANS 25,000 volunteered for the army Native Americans helped with secret codes that could not be broken –Navajo Windtalkers Also, 300,000 Mexican Americans joined the armed forces

8 AFRICAN AMERICANS One million served in military in non- combat roles in segregated units April 1943 – after protests, Af-Amer finally saw combat Race riots back home brought discrimination to the fore front of America

9 JAPANESE AMERICANS 33,000 joined the military – many were Nisei (born in US of Japanese parents) Many worked as spies/interpreters on the battlefield Internment camps – 10 relocation camps that held 110,000 Japanese Americans Lost homes, businesses, belongings Korematsu v United States -

10 Korematsu v United States Supreme court decision that upheld the use of internment camps to house Japanese-Americans “military necessity” The US government later paid restitution

11 Internment Camps

12 ROLE OF THE MEDIA Hollywood developed war films to encourage patriotism and propaganda against Germans/Japanese Posters/billboards encouraged rationing and support for the war effort

13 Propaganda

14 Tuskegee Airmen **All African American pilots of the 99 th Pursuit squadron trained at the Tuskegee Institute (remember Booker T. Washington??) many victories against Italian and German air forces received the Presidential Unit Citation and 100 Distinguished Flying Crosses

15

16 CHANGE IN AMERICA Increased women and minorities in the work force End of the Great Depression Population shifts – many move up North/West to work in factories Civil Rights protests increase Increase in new technologies Change to families

17 GI Bill Provided education and training for returning GIs ½ returning soldiers attend College or technical school paid for by government Federal loans for homes and farms for GIs Helped lead to “BABY BOOMER” generation

18 3 things you learned


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