Presentation on theme: "The windmills in Murcia region …. This is Region of Murcia Here is Torre Pacheco. Torre Pacheco is a Spanish municipality in Region of Murcia."— Presentation transcript:
The windmills in Murcia region ….
This is Region of Murcia Here is Torre Pacheco. Torre Pacheco is a Spanish municipality in Region of Murcia.
The earliest reference to windmills dates back as far as the early 1300’s, when their main use was the grinding of flour.
The campo de Cartagena area has been a land of windmills for more than six centuries.
The winds that blow across the area were used by the windmills or ‘molinos’ to create energy.
Mills were a vital component of an agricultural tradition, being used for two main functions: - to draw water up from the ground and pump it through the irrigation system - to grind wheat and produce flour.
The tipical windmill of “Campo de Cartagena” is the Mediterranean type with a tower, a horizontal axle with four pairs of wooden arms. La Mancha windmill, don Quixote mills, has four rectangular arms. The Mediterranean windmill has Latin sails (triangular sails), normally 8.
La Mancha windmills
- What is a windmill? It is a machine that uses wind as an energy source.
- to draw water up from the ground and pump it through the irrigation system - to grind wheat and produce flour. Mills
Wind strength in the service of man Harquebus millFlour mill
Main parts mill
The wind blows the sails and that move the machine. The machinery is placed on a round tower and it can be oriented to the wind.
Here we can see a ruined tower with some rest of machinery.
Details of machinery
It is the wooden structure machinery of the mill as a cover. CHAPITEL
El Pasico windmill Torre Pacheco
Stick guide We can move the chapitel and machinery to trim sails to the wind
Carrete to move stick guide Stick guide Carrete
The winds that move the wind mills are called: "lebeches", "jaloque“, "maestral“ or “levante”
Sailing mills is an adaptation of the latin sails ships in the Mediterranean for use in the mills. Modifying its appearance increases the number of sticks, adapting them to the sails, assuming marine terminology, and adding versatility to the characteristics of the prevailing winds of the Mediterranean. Latin sail or triangular sail
MAESTRAL LEVANTE LEBECHE JALOQUE Winds in Cartagena area. North East South West
Watermill (waterwheel) wheel Molino de arcaduces Most widespread type of mill in the region of the Campo de Cartagena.
This watermill (waterwheel) can be typically characterised for the waterwheel. Attached to a tower that turns to extract water from the depths of the subsoil.
Reservoir water next to the windmill
Very useful for the extraction of groundwater. Watermill
The first documentary evidence that shows the existence of windmills in the Torre Pacheco area dates back to 1755.
Nowadays, Torre Pacheco still has 14 windmills. Four of which are in perfect state thanks to recent restorations.
Some of the mills without restoration Isidoro el Zorro windmill Lo Ferro windmill La Pedrera windmill Paquillo windmill Pereas windmill Ulloa waterwheel windmill
Los Pereas windmill Santa Rosalía
El Jimenado windmill
El Pasico windmill Torre Pacheco
Los Pereas windmill - Santa Rosalía Unrestored - Restored