Presentation on theme: "Aging and the Elderly Macionis, Sociology, Chapter Fifteen."— Presentation transcript:
1 Aging and the ElderlyMacionis, Sociology, Chapter Fifteen
2 Graying of United States Seniors now 12.4 percent of the populationSoon, baby boomers (born after WWII-mid-60’s) will number 75 millionThe elderly populations of rich nations is increasing most rapidlyBy 203020 percent will be over age 65About half the population will be over the age of 40
3 Aging Population Increase Birth rate: going downDecreased infant mortalityChildren are a major expenseAdvances in birth controlLife expectancy: going upImproved housing, nutrition and increased wealthBaby Boomer reaching old ageMedical advancesAlmost eliminated infectious diseasesTreat cancer and heart disease
4 Sociological Impact Cultural change “Young-old” and “old-old” Elderly more visible“Young-old” and “old-old”Younger elderly 65-75Independent with good health and financial securityOlder elderly past age 75Dependent on othersOver age 85 fastest growing segmentWomen outnumber men
5 Biological Changes Gerontology Biological and physical changes Study of aging and the elderlyAttitude toward aging depends on societal valuesIn America, a dim view of such changes is takenBiological and physical changesPredictable graying of hair, wrinkles, loss of height and weight, decline in strength and vitality and sensory changesOdds of chronic illnesses and life-threatening conditions rise steadilyReality we overestimate physical problemsA majority of those over 65 report good health“Well-to-do” people have it better since they can afford preventive care
6 Transitions and Challenges of Aging Finding meaningSocial isolationRetirementAging and povertyCare givingAgeismThe elderly: a minority?
7 Table 15-1 Living Arrangements of the Elderly, 2007
8 Social Isolation Isolation is common among elderly Retirement, limited mobility, and negative stereotypes close off sources of social interactionDeath of significant others: Three-fourths cite loneliness as serious problemOlder people value independenceFamily members are major source of social support. Daughters more than sons
9 Retirement Work is an important part of personal identity To minimize loss of prestigeNew activities and interestsVolunteer work can fill time voidsPart-time work can offer additional moniesStaged retirementWorking at a reduced levelWhen or whether we retire83% of men and 91% of women are no longer in the labor force at age 65 in the united states
10 PovertyHome mortgage is usually paid off, some costs rise for the elderlyMedical care, household help and utilitiesSocial security is the major source of incomeThose elderly who fall below the poverty line at age 65 equals 9.8% of U.S. PopulationMedian individual income for women is $11,789 and men $20,527
11 Care Giving80% of caregivers are family members, daughters make up 75%Married, with children and a jobInformal and unpaid care provided to a dependent person by family members, other relatives, or friendsElder abuse
12 Ageism Prejudice and discrimination Blatant ageism Subtle ageism Deny people due to ageSubtle ageismWays which culture perpetuates stereotypes of the elderly. Negative images and jokesShould the elderly be given “minority group” status?
13 Theoretical Perspective Structural-functionalismDisengagement theorySociety enhances its orderly operation by disengaging people from positions of responsibility as they reach old ageSymbolic interactionActivity theoryA high level of activity enhances personal satisfaction in old ageSocial conflictInequality based on age categoriesDifferent opportunities and access to social resources, creating a system of age stratification
14 Death and Dying Historical patterns of death Modern separation of life and deathEthical issues: confronting deathDeath occurs when an irreversible state takes placeRight to die debateLiving willsEuthanasia
15 The Future Increasing numbers By 2050, more elderly than people in the U.S.A. In 1900Need to review support services for the elderlyAvailability and sufficiencyThe elderly should experience a better quality of lifeMedical technologyFinancial strengthChanges in how death is viewedDeath will again become a natural part of the life cycle – no longer social taboo
16 "Success is not final. Failure is not fatal "Success is not final. Failure is not fatal. The courage to continue is what counts." Winston Churchill
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