Some facts and figures regarding the book.. Title : The Argumentative Indians Author : Dr. Amartya Sen Publisher’s: Penguin publishers’ Year of Publishing: 2005 The purpose : To highlight & justify the different aspects of Indian culture, religion, social and politics by means of plethora of examples containing argumentative behaviors of Indians. The context : The citation of diverse and multifaceted character of Indian rich culture and its’ evolution through ‘arguments’ in a verve and candid way. The intended readers : This book is basically aimed for the a specific portion of the society, the intellectual. Introduction
About author……………. Amartya Sen ( born on 3r Nov. 1933), is an Indian economist, a prolific writer, a researcher and a socialist who likes to explore and articulate the different dimensions of the society. In the year of 1998, he was awarded with Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic sciences, for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theorem. Currently he has honored the post of professor of Economics and Philosophy of Harvard University. Other books of Dr. Sen include, India: Development and Participation, Development as Freedom, The Idea of Justice, On Ethics and Economics etc. Among many of his great contributions towards the mankind includes, finding solutions for curbing the shortage of food in affected areas, and mooted the notion of United Nations Human Development Index. Introduction
“ Just consider how terrible the day of your death be, Others will go on speaking, and you’ll not be able to argue back.” Raja Ram Mohon Roy, the great Bengali social worker The profound and prolific writer come socialist of Bengal have echoed the concept of something, which gets reiterated in the creation of Sen.
Introduction Its’ the argument, which is the tradition of India, according to the writer and through out his work he has decided to convey the same. Argument is indispensible for every segment of human life including science, religion, integration of country, nationalism in order to thrive, transcend and extend its’ wing of prosperity. Issues like, gender, Hindutva movement, poverty, deprivation has been mentioned. An overview of the content………….
Highlighting the argumentative tradition of India. Edifying the society through arguments. Highlighting the secularism and scepticism of Indian history. Way forward to all social problems. Introduction Purpose:
Voice and Heterodoxy: i) Argumentative tradition ; ii) Social relevance ; Culture and Identity : i) Communication as cultural tool ; ii) Western idea of India iii) India and China ; Summary
Politics, protest and its’ role in society : i) Social problems ii) Class issues of India Role of Reasons : i) Reach of reason ; ii) Secularism ; iii) Indian Identity ; Summary
Evaluation Strengths & Weakness… Strengths/positive points: i.Exploring a wide range of Indian social structure ; ii.Making use of numerous examples from all around the globe and across the thousands of centuries, to support his ‘argument; iii.Generating thoughts like ‘million missing women” ( in page no.-225), and supporting his thought of “Hinduism is above scepticism”. Weakness/areas of improvement: i.The “Argumentative Indian” contains too much of citation from different sources, which generates a kind of fatigue in readers’ mind ; ii. Could have made bit more interesting by providing some ‘anecdotes’ ;
Evaluation Uses of sources….. The entire documentary consists of thousands of information which have been derived from all around the globe, of different era, by different authors and the great epics. The two great Indian epic “Ramayana” & “Mahabharata”, the Vedas, Upanishads, Buddhists notion, quotes from renowned authors, poets, noble laureates, freedom fighters…..Sen has made every possible resources available to ameliorate his creation. Methodology & Organization…… The methodology that Sen has adopted is quite systematic and he has started to raise his voice start from the “heterodoxy in voice” to cultural aspect to religion; he also pronounced his voice on the politics and the Hinduism & secularism. In the entire scenario, he has organized the entire scenario of Indian society in a compact methodology. But somehow he could have mentioned the chronological order of development in order to make it more interesting.
Evaluation Presentation… Personal Experience & Recommendation to others… The knowledge, erudition, scholarly touch of Sen has been showered profusely in his this creation. The way in which he has explained his ‘different’ arguments by means of lucid yet enriched language with a classy way of presenting the ‘dichotomy’ of the diverse aspects of India…..is simply unexplainable. As a reader, one bound to have the experience of ‘enriching’ and extending his knowledge…once he go through the book. The exploration of different facets will always help him to raise his knowledge. As for foreign readers, they’ll gain some real inputs regarding India.
Opinion : It is just because he has tried something stupendous, at time it seems that perhaps he somehow elaborated things a bit more than it should be instead of consolidating the thoughts. But if anybody wants to have an overview of the complete India and he can afford to miss some tid-bits, it is always a book of choice for him. Conclusion
In his book, Sen has tried to convey two messages to us : i) Indian culture is lot more than just the Hindu culture it is known for ; ii) The “argumentative” characteristic of the nation i.e. its long tradition of dialectic, heterodoxy, debate, discourse, critical and analytical thinking is what keeps it alive and gives it its credibility and character. Conclusion
“Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high ; Where knowledge is free ; Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls;… Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its’ way into the dreary desert sands of dead habit;…. Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake. “ Conclusion