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Chapter Fourteen Sectional Forms. Rhythm Melody (pitch) Harmony Timbre (sound) Form (shape) Basic Elements of Music.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Fourteen Sectional Forms. Rhythm Melody (pitch) Harmony Timbre (sound) Form (shape) Basic Elements of Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Fourteen Sectional Forms

2 Rhythm Melody (pitch) Harmony Timbre (sound) Form (shape) Basic Elements of Music

3 Form Form—Organizational plan of a piece of music--how many motives, phrases, verses, etc.

4 Form is created through three techniques— Repetition Contrast Variation Basic Principles of Musical Organization

5 Repetition Individual lines of a song can repeat - a a (repeated note for note) Silent Night, Holy Night b b’ (slight variation) All is calm, all is bright. c Round yon Virgin, Mother and Child. c Holy Infant so tender and mild. d e Sleep in heavenly peace

6 Repetition Or entire sections of a song may repeat-- Each verse of “Silent Night” has the exact same melody just as “This Land is Your Land” does. Repetition provides a sense of familiarity, unity, and a feeling of continuity. But, too much repetition makes music easy to ignore; e.g., “Row, Row, Row Your Boat”

7 Contrast Contrast is created by changing the character of the music through creating a separate section. Intro to “Last Dance” vs. rest of song or “Oy, Abram.” Contrast provides a sense of variety.

8 Pieces divided into logical units that have definite beginnings and endings. The flow of music is mildly interrupted by the end and beginning of sections. Cadences are the primary device for indicating these units or sections. Contrast can also be used to create divisions. Sectional Form

9 Strophic The same or similar music for each stanza or section. Much of folk and children’s music is strophic. There is no contrasting melody. E. g., “Silent Night” or “This Land is Your Land” Types of Sectional Forms

10 Verse/Chorus Variation of strophic form where chorus is inserted between verses. Chorus is marked by repeated lyrics and may or may not have same melody as verse. E.g., “This Land is Your Land” Types of Sectional Forms

11 Expanded Sectional Forms Sectional forms also include music that has two or more sections without repetition of melodic material. “Help Me Make It Through the Night” Verse Chorus Bridge “Crazy Train” Verse, Chorus, Bridge “Huachos” A B C

12 South America Andes Mountains—5500 miles long along western edge of SA—longest mountain range in the world. Indigenous peoples inhabited SA for 20,000 years. Incas were the predominant culture in the Andes from around 1450, until the European invasion of settlers around South America is a mix of mestizo, mulatto, and indigenous traditions and people.

13 Music of the Andes Andean music is oldest music in Latin America and is made up of an intermingling of indigenous and European elements and instruments. It is played in a variety of settings—clubs, villages, homes, festivals, etc.Almost every municipality has its own band. It is also played around the world by groups ranging from itinerant street musicians to highly trained professionals.

14 Strings Guitar, Charango Drums Bombo, Wankara, Shakers Wind Instruments Panpipes- Phukuna, Siku, Zampoñas Flutes- Quenas, (Kenas), Quenachos Andean Music Instruments

15 Quenas

16 Charangos

17 Zampona

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