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Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 1 Organization and technology interventions to improve safe and eco driving P.

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Presentation on theme: "Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 1 Organization and technology interventions to improve safe and eco driving P."— Presentation transcript:

1 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 1 Organization and technology interventions to improve safe and eco driving P. D. Davis & I. S. Poonaji

2 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 2 Technology and environmental considerations can drive change fleet safety Energy Green products Government Reducing cost Lifestyle Inder Poonaji

3 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 3 Holistic Approach Planning Promotion Processes People Zero waste attitude

4 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 4 Driving Poor Driving Behaviour has an environmental & economical impact Interventions can have a significant impact Use of innovative solutions - Telematics

5 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 5 Poland Telematic Project Aims examine whether new technological advances in Telematics are actually able to influence driver behaviour for improving driving safety and environment KPI’s.

6 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 6 Reasons for actions ‘Fuel efficient driving is save driving’. Estimated: Monitoring & training saves 5% on fuel costs. Running cost: 40 Tonnes GCW Artic Tractor covering 160,000KM a year. Assume 200,000 KM per Year. Fuel Cost = £0.95 per Litre 3% Saving = £2,200 5% Saving = £3,700 7% Saving = £5,200 10% Saving = £7,400 Source: Transport Engineer. January 2002 analysis of truck operating costs.

7 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 7 Methodology Installation of C3000 in the Pilot Trucks. Monitoring via Web: –Tracking & Tracing –Driver Efficiency –Driver Safety –Live track of vehicles Reports –Efficiency report by driver –Efficiency report by vehicle –Safety report by driver –Safety report by vehicle –Utilisation (Terminal) –Utilisation (Vehicle) –Maintenance –Trip Report –Stops Report –Fuel Efficiency –Co2 RSMS RTL Server ECM Vehicle Systems In vehicle hardware Web Browser Internet connection Realtim e GPRS System Overview Example Reports Data feedback to Manager & Driver CheckActionPlanDO

8 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 8 Scope IN The proposed trial: Poland Target: Delivery Vehicles Total number:9 Trial duration: 12 months. –1: collecting base line data –2: training drivers –3: monitoring –4. lesson learnt –5. next steps Out Non-delivery Vehicles

9 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 9 Business Case Simple, Scaleable & Flexible. ROI < 18 months Using fuel more efficiently means: –Lower costs, improved environmental performance and emissions Reduced: incidents, cost (insurance premium), damage, unproductive downtime for vehicle repair Outputs. –Daily SAFED Reports –Reinforcement of procedures, policy, regulations and best practice.

10 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 10 Trial period KPI’s Improve fuel consumption up to 5% Determine KPI’s that are significant.

11 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 11 Inter-Dependencies Local Agreement Reliability of equipment Communication by Local Market Team Lead Driving Policy Training of Drivers Depot Managers and Drivers commitment Web-site links and On-site terminals Involvement of Group Risk European Team

12 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 12 Changing behaviour 3 step process 1.Turning an unconscious, risky habit into a conscious, self-directed, risky behaviour. 2.Changing a conscious, self- directed, risky behaviour into a conscious, safe, self- directed behaviour. 3.Changing a conscious, safe, self-directed behaviour into an unconscious safe habit

13 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 13 Result to date Poland Project Team –Lech Wardziak –Piotr Starosta –Jerzy Wróblewski

14 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 14 Drivers trained “I had no awareness of certain factors affecting the economy and driving safety.” “I think about offensive behaviours and more economical mode of driving.” –Some drivers are concerned about the possibilities of the system. –Daily drivers report.

15 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 15 Efficiency and Safety Reports Efficiency Fuel Economy Drive fuel economy Idle Time Sweet Spot distance Top Gear Safety Harsh Braking Service Brake Engine Brake Over Revving Speeding Out of gear coasting Operations Journey Management Stop reports Interface wit system. Reports are generated via a simple-to-use web interface

16 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 16 The indicator shows the average usage (fuel consumption) achieved during a given period of time. The engine fuel economy less idling and PTO fuel Measured in kilometres / litre or miles / gallon Fuel Economy indicator is depending on the type of vehicle and drivers behaviours. - 14% FUEL ECONOMY L/100KM - fuel consumption per vehicle or driver May ’08 VALUE 19,7l - 24,8l per 100 KM (average 21,8l) AUG ’08 VALUE 17,8l - 19,35l per 100 KM (average 18,8l) TARGET VALUE* 20l /100km – city routes 18l /100km – mixed routes (city + country roads) (*based on Iveco Eurocargo ML100 E17/18 trucks)

17 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 17 This indicator shows the percentage of time when the vehicle is stopped (over 4 minutes) with the engine running. This leads to fuel wastage. - 61% IDLE TIME (%) – Stop with running engine May ’08 VALUE 5.4% AUG ’08 VALUE 2.1% TARGET VALUE <1.5%

18 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 18 Sweet Spot Optimum revolution band - is between 1100 – If the driver hits this during each driving motion fuel efficiency will rise. +125% SWEET SPOT DISTANCE (%) – optimum band of RPM (green band) May ’08 VALUE 31,6%-45% (average 39,1%) AUG ’08 VALUE 86%-91% (average 87,9%) TARGET VALUE over 90%

19 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 19 Over Rev is essentially where the vehicle is revved outside of the Optimum Band. This puts more strain on the engine, thus consuming more fuel -12% OVER REV (%) – Driving a vehicle when exceeded the recommended RPM May ’08 VALUE average 13,3% AUG ’08 VALUE average 1,3% TARGET VALUE <1%

20 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 20 The indicator shows the percentage of distance travelled on the vehicle’ top gear. By using the top gear as much as possible means that the engine is utilizing the lowest possible rev band and is at its most efficient. +17,9% TOP GEAR (%) May ’08 VALUE 4%-32% (average 22%) AUG ’08 VALUE 29%-60% (average 39,9%) TARGET VALUE over 60%

21 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 21 13% Emissions: C0 2 August ’08 VALUE g/km Sept ’08 VALUE g/km TARGET VALUE <400 g/km The CO2 report follows the same principal as the Efficiency Report. Conversion of the Fuel Economy figure to show exactly how much Carbon the vehicle is omitting.

22 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 22 Harsh Breaking – The indicator on the report acts as a counter. This is where the driver has had to break so hard that the Seat Belt locks. - 30% HARSH BREAKING (COUNT) May ’08 VALUE 1-9 per week average = 5 AUG ’08 VALUE 3-4 per month average = 3.5 TARGET VALUE 1 per month

23 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 23 Service Break is the foot break. This should be positive ratio between this and the Engine Break - 0.5% SERVICE BREAK (%) May ’08 VALUE 14-18% (average 15,2%) AUG ’08 VALUE 12,7-18% (average 14,7%) TARGET VALUE <15%

24 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 24 Engine brake is a device that can convert a diesel engine into an air compressor, a power absorbing device. These devices are used in trucking applications to provide a means for retarding the vehicle, supplementing the normal vehicle braking system. The retarding operation is under full control of the vehicle operator and can be used simultaneously with the normal service brakes. Engine breaking is important as it uses less fuel, and is a more balanced and controlled way to bring the vehicle to a halt or lower speed % ENGINE BRAKE (%) May ’08 VALUE average 0.15% AUG ’08 VALUE average 3.54% TARGET VALUE >5%

25 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 25 The indicator shows the percentage of distance travelled exceeding the maximum allowed speed. In tested trucks (with accordance to EU requirements) speed has been limited at level of 90km / h. It means driver can not drives faster than 90km/h The aim is to implement maps with a specific max speed marked on it, to increase control of a driver over speeding inside the urban areas. 0 OVER SPEEDING (%) May ’08 VALUE Urban speed under development AUG ’08 VALUE Urban speed under development TARGET VALUE ZERO over speeding

26 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 26 This stat should be close ZERO. This is where a vehicle is moving not in a gear and is unsafe. -0.8% OUT OF GEAR COASTING (%) May ’08 VALUE average 7,7 % AUG ’08 VALUE average 6,9% TARGET VALUE <3%

27 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 27 Distance in which the driver seatbelt is being utilised in comparison with the total driving distance. Safety indicator. Easy to manage / monitor report to ensure safe driving policy is taken on board Reduced risk of serious injury or death in an accident 0 Seatbelt usage May ’08 VALUE under development AUG ’08 VALUE under development TARGET VALUE 100%

28 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 28 0 Incident Alert May ’08 VALUE under development AUG ’08 VALUE under development TARGET VALUE under development

29 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 29 Reversing data 0 May ’08 VALUE under development AUG ’08 VALUE under development TARGET VALUE

30 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 30 Poland Telematic – some key results May 08; 21.8 l per 100 KM Sept 08: 18.8l per 100 KM - 14% FUEL ECONOMY L/100KMSWEET SPOT DISTANCE (%) May 08; Average 39,1% Sept 08: Average 87,9% + 125% HARSH BREAKING May 08; Average 5 Sept 08: Average %

31 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 31 Conclusion Facts Reduction in fuel costs Reduction in emissions Safer and more intelligent driving Operational efficiency Recognise need for sustained training Behaviour Change Assumptions Lower vehicle servicing costs Longer vehicle-life expectancy Improved overall driving standards Improved vehicle security Reduction in risk of accidents / insurance claims

32 Organization and technology interventions to improve Safe and Eco driving 32


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