Presentation on theme: "A New Appreciation for the LIGHT Both in the Studio and on Location"— Presentation transcript:
1A New Appreciation for the LIGHT Both in the Studio and on Location Basic LightingA New Appreciation for theLIGHTBoth in the Studio and on Location
2The Nature of LightAll light has certain qualities, whether it comes directly from the sun, already exists in a room, or isbrought into the room by the photographer.The light used, whether it be sun, photoflood, or flash is not as important as what that light isdoing to the subject.Electromagnetic Spectrum-Visible Light- Color begins with and is derived from light. Where there islittle light, there is little color; where the light is strong, the color is likely to be intense. Every rayof light coming from the sun is composed of rays that vibrate at different speeds. The sensation ofcolor is aroused in the human mind by the way our sense of vision responds to the different wavelengthsof light that affect it.
3MOOD / EMOTIONLight is the primary catalyst for creating a mood in a photograph.By mastering the photographic applications of light thephotographer can control the viewer's visual response to his image.
4Effective Use of LightProper use of light can help the photographer convey a variety ofdifferent emotions. Harsh relationships between light and darkvalues communicate a feeling of mystery and drama to an image.A more subtle lighting ratio may convey a feeling of peace andtranquility . High Key lighting is ethereal and glamorous where asdirect light is harsh and abrasive.
5Flash CalibrationsWe learned the capabilities of our flash and the Inverse Square Law.As light travels it dissipates, weakens and spreads out - therefore youmust compensate through exposure and/or flash to subject distance.
6Three Types of LightThere are three basic types of light used in the studio.Each one communicates a different mood.Direct LightHard Light (Tungsten) - Snoot - Bare Bulb - Barn DoorsDirect (side)light will enhance the texture of your subject.Diffused LightUmbrella - Soft Box - White Cards - MylarDiffused light fills in shadows of the subject and is less harsh and abrasive.Diffused light from above (soft box) will enhance the 3-D quality ofthe subject (gradation)Reflected LightSpecula fill - Silver/Gold Cards - Mirrors - ReflectorsHelp emphasize specific parts of the subject and also fillshadows and lower light ratio.Direct or Diffused light from behind will emphasize theshape of the subject!
7Form/Weight/3D = Top (Gradation)+Side Lighting TheoryTexture = Side LightShape = Back LightForm/Weight/3D = Top (Gradation)+Side
8Concept Dictates Lighting!!! Previsualization is the catalyst for exposuredetermination and positioning and direction of the light.
9Painting with Light! Put the shutter on BULB and start popping strobes, flashessparklers or flashlights…See what happens…
10Love those Light Ratio’s Relationship between Main and Fill Light 1•1 = 0 stop difference2•1 = 1 stop difference4•1 = 2 stop difference8•1 = 3 stop difference16•1 = 4 stop differenceMain & Fill Side of Subject
11Portraits and PosingThe photographer must learn some basic poses and remember YOU are in charge of the portrait session - gain rapport with your model and DIRECT him/her into the pose you want them to be in.
12Broad / Short / Butterfly When setting up for a portrait remember to build your lighting set-up one light at a time so youcan see the effect on your subject. Use a 3:1 or 4:1 Ratio / The subjects head is often positioned at a slight angle to the camera--turned just enough to hide one ear. When using short or narrow lighting place the main light on the side of the face away from the camera. This is the most common lighting, used with oval faces as well as to thin down a round face.When the side of the face turned towards the camera is illuminated by the main light you have a broad lighting set-up. This type of lighting tends to widen the facial features so it is used mainly with thin or narrow faces. With butterfly or glamour lighting the main light is placed high directly in front of the face. Position the main light high enough to create symmetrical shadows under the nose but not so high that the upper lip or the eye sockets are excessively shadowed.
13High Key Lighting2 Stop difference between light on background and subject!Make sure light on backdrop is even with 2 tenths of stop.
14Rim & Rembrandt Lighting Back light towards subject (rim) and inverted triangle on fill side of face under eye (rembrandt)
15Outdoor Rim This assignment was hard! You need some LUCKon this one!Direct sun (10-2) behind subject - meter the bright sky!
16Styrofoam BallIf you can photograph a white ball on a white background and holdtexture and highlight detail and keep the balls white you can shootany still life.
17Eggs, Eggs and more Eggs! How Creative can you BE??? Was this assignment FUN or what??“Some of the BEST Egg Projects Yet”
18strobe reading to achieve desired light ratio’s. Synchro Sun LightingBalance sunlight (main) with strobe light (fill) - must balance ambient andstrobe reading to achieve desired light ratio’s.
19CritiquesThe critique is where the learning comes full circle. We come together,share the work, discuss photographic technique’s addressed anddemonstrated in the assignment and grow from the dialogue andconstructive feedback. Must learn to be critical of our own work!
21It’s all about seeing...Whether you are shooting in the studio or on location it is importantto develop a heightened awareness (sensitivity) to the LIGHT. Askyourself…what is it doing to my subject and how do I expose forit to in order to achieve my previsualized results.
22New Awareness of the Light A Heightened Awareness of LIGHT will make you a betterphotographer and enable you to MAKE pictures instead ofTAKE Pictures.