2 -Overview of basic head (HP) and body position (BP) -Introduction portraits & portraiture photography -Understanding “Broad” vs. “Short” lighting for portraits -Lighting patterns Class 4 – Overview of covered materials
3 Introduction to portraiture What is portraiture? A portrait is an attempt to display a certain character in a person through a painting or photograph. The picture should in a way describe in a story telling way of the person Because certain character display is needed, often times lighting is required to successfully elaborate or characterize these feelings (E.g.. Sense of mystery, purity, humor, etc) Character display maybe taken in candid or posed although would be much easier posed when lighting may be involved Portraits & Portraiture
4 Lighting for portraits When taking a photograph of a person it is crucial that we study the person’s facial characteristics first before deciding on what sort of lighting is suitable. Do not forget the head position that suits certain face structures Do not forget to display the right body position and angles to accentuate height and width of the model Placing the lights in certain order as to improve or correct certain facial characteristic Basic head & body position review
5 Similar to the name, Broad lighting employs the use of lighting to be place near where the camera is facing Depending on the accessory used, broad lighting in general will create a more flat look on the model creating more volume on subject’s facial features Suits thin faces and off the camera head positions (e.g., ¾ or profile shot) Lighting for portraits Broad Lighting
7 The opposite of Broad lighting, This particular lighting will create more dimensions on the face as well as create the feeling of less volume Suitable to more “volumed” facial structures as well as more frontal head positions Lighting for portraits Short Lighting
8 Profile Hp + ¾ BP Lighting for portraits Short Lighting Example
9 - The Paramount / Butterfly Pattern - The Loop Pattern - The Rembrandt Pattern - The Split Pattern Lighting patterns for portraits The 4 Basic Lighting Patterns
10 Main light position: 0 degrees front of the model positioned higher that the model’s face at least 30 degrees Shadow criteria: Straight shadow under the nose, forming a half butterfly shape Effects on the face : The lighting pattern will tend to broaden the face causing the face structure to be full in volume, suits thin build face structure Texture details : Minimum texture is obtained due to the shadow that falls behind the model Lighting patterns for portraits Characteristic of Paramount Lighting
11 Lighting patterns for portraits Paramount / Butterfly Lighting
12 Lighting patterns for portraits Main light position: 30 degrees to the side of the model positioned slightly higher than The model’s face at about 15 degrees Shadow criteria: Formed shadow on the side of the nose, resembling an arch or a loop shape Effects on the face : Depending on short or broad lighting that is used, this lighting pattern could cause shadow to cover some parts of the face causing less volume. Texture details : A little texture is visible as the side lighting will create shadow areas On uneven surfaces. Characteristic of Loop Lighting
13 Lighting patterns for portraits Loop Lighting Example
14 Lighting patterns for portraits Characteristic of Rembrandt Lighting Main light position: 45 degrees to the side of the model positioned slightly higher than The model’s face at about 15 – 20 degrees Shadow criteria: Formed shadow on the side of the face, creating a triangle shape on one side of the model’s cheek Effects on the face : This lighting will cause the model to have a narrow face as this lighting will cover almost half of the face in shadow areas. Texture details : This side light will create more apparent textures. Especially on uneven surfaces that is illuminated by this main light.
15 Lighting patterns for portraits Rembrandt Lighting Example
16 Lighting patterns for portraits Characteristic of Split Lighting Main light position: 90 degrees to the side of the model and positioned on the same plane of the model’s face at about 0 – 5 degrees Shadow criteria: Formed shadow on the side of the face, covering one side of the face completely. This lighting is also known as the Yin Yang lighting, especially among Chinese photographers Effects on the face : This lighting will cause the model to have a even narrower face than the Rembrandt. This lighting covers half of the face in shadow areas. Texture details : Textures will appear very apparent in comparison to the other 3 lighting pattern.
17 Lighting patterns for portraits Split Lighting Pattern Example