Presentation on theme: "For first timers and experts alike"— Presentation transcript:
1 For first timers and experts alike DBQ WorkshopFor first timers and experts alike
2 What is a DBQ?A Document-Based Question is a form of essay that is found in the AP exam which provides both visual sources as well as written sources for analysis around a specific topicMastering document analysis and then how to group documents into a valid argument will be essential to writing a good DBQYou must use all of the documents provided in your essay as part of your argument
3 Example: DBQBased on the following documents, analyze the responses to the spread of Buddhism in China. What kind of additional document(s) would you need to evaluate the extent of Buddhism’s appeal in China?
4 Historical Background Buddhism, founded in India in the 6th Century BCE, was brought to China by the 1st Century CE, gradually winning converts following the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 CE. Buddhist influence continued to expand for several centuries. Between 220 CE and 570 CE, China experienced a period of instability and disunity. After 570 CE, the imperial structure was restored.
5 What do we do first?Review the documents in the question packet (separate packet – in AP format)Make notes in the brief review of ways that the documents can be related to the question and be used as supportWhat are some ways you could answer the question?
6 Next Step: GroupingIn order to make sense of the documents in a thoughtful way you need to group the documents together so as to analyze them in the essay to provide a worthwhile argumentDO NOT JUST LIST DOCUMENTS (this is boring and does not show thought or analysis)To understand grouping – the SHOE ACTIVITYWhen you are grouping the documents, your paragraphs should reflect the relationships between the documents; there should be at least one paragraph for each group.
7 How can this DBQ be grouped? Possible GroupingPositive responses: Documents 1, 2, 3, & 5Negative Responses: Documents 4 & 6Responses during upheaval (pre-Tang): Documents 1, 2, & 3Traditional Confucian – Xenophobic, historical responses: 4 & 6(using evidence from 3 & 5)Universalist, individualistic, blending: Documents 1, 2, 3, & 5
8 What voice is missing?In all DBQs there is an expectation that to better answer the question that there is a document or voice that is missing from what is providedYou need to articulate both the voice and type of document which might help answer the question – you must explain why this is appropriatePossibilities:Documents from the lower class – journal entries of attendance at a Buddhist temple, letter from a peasant to a family member about impressions of Buddhist monksDocuments from Women – Letters or essays from women about their experiences in Buddhist temple or reasons for conversion to BuddhismCharts/graphs/maps which show populations of Buddhist converts over time
9 Point of ViewIn all DBQs there must be acknowledgement of Point of View of a minimum of 2 of the documentsNever do the minimum, do as many as you possibly can because the grading is comparative against the submitted works on the day of the test (so if everyone shows POV of 3 and you only did 2, you will get a lower score – I know it is messed up, but get over it and beat them at their own game!)Who wrote it, why did they write it, and what does it mean – do they have an agenda, bias, motivation that should be taken into considerationFor this DBQ, which documents can you identify POV?
10 Getting Ready to write the essay YOU MUST HAVE A THESIS – be sure that the thesis has an actual argument and is NOT a repeat of the promptYou try to create a thesis for this DBQMake sure that it indicates the major points you will make in the essayMake sure it has an argumentMake sure it actually is an answer to the question asked at the beginning
11 Which Thesis is best? There were many responses to Buddhism in China There were positive and negative responses to Buddhism in ChinaThere were more positive responses to Buddhism early in the period than laterBuddhism was more acceptable in times of disorder, while in times of stability the appeal of Buddhism lessened in favor of ConfucianismIn China the introduction of Buddhism led to mixed reactions which included positive reactions, negative reactions, and advocates for blending/coexisting with native religions and philosophies
12 Where do you go from here? Now you can begin your body paragraphsMake sure to present the reasoning for the groupings you have madeSupport your argument (your thesis) with specific details from the documentsDo not just quote things from the documents but actually analyze and interpret the meaningsYou must show WHY a document is significant or HOW it supports your thesisPlease indicate which documents you are using (i.e. “It is evident in document 6, that during the Tang dynasty Buddhism was not just viewed as a religious alternative but that it was perceived by Tang Emperor Wu to be a threat to the very stability of the empire as he refers to it as a poison, a thief and as the epitome of evil.”