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Unit 1 Women of achievement Reading 高一人教新课标版必修四. Who is she?

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 Women of achievement Reading 高一人教新课标版必修四. Who is she?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1 Women of achievement Reading 高一人教新课标版必修四

2 Who is she?

3

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5 She is kissing the chimp.

6 She is shaking hands with a small chimp.

7 It seems that they’re talking with each other.

8 Why can she get along well with the chimp?

9 —Jane Goodall Only if we can understand can we care; Only if we care will we help; Only if we help shall all the life is hopeful.

10 简 · 古多尔 (Jane Goodall, 1934—) 生于 伦敦。自幼即对动物行为极感兴趣。 18 岁离开学校, 到赴非洲为止, 她曾先后 担任过秘书以及影片制作助理。此后, 她 在非洲担任古生物学家路易斯 · 利基的助手, 与利基的合作经验使她能于 1960 年在 贡贝溪动物保护区设立一个营区, 得以 观察该地黑猩猩的行为。

11 1965 年获剑桥大学动物行为学博士学位。 1977 年她建立了 “ 简 · 古多尔人、动物与 环境研究所 ” 。 1991 年, 她倡议并成立了 “ 根与芽 ” 组织, 目的是使从幼儿园到大学 的年轻一代都能够行动起来, 为了环境、 动物和他们自己的社区创造一个更加美好 的世界。 1995 年, 被英国女王授予勋爵士。

12 In 1960, Jane arrived in East Africa to study the area’s chimpanzee. Jane’s work in Tanzania would prove more successful than anyone had imagined. Jane Goodall: An Extra ordinary life

13 Why can she get along well with the chimp? She is Chimp’s mother.

14 Pre-reading 1. Why do you think Jane Goodall went to Africa to study chimps rather than to university?Do you think she was right? Give your reasons. 2. Look at the title and the pictures of the passage and predict the content. Then skim the passage and check if you were right.

15 1.What animal are Jane Goodall. observed? 2. When did Jane Goodall arrive at Gombe? How old was she? Chimps. She arrived at Gombe in 1960 when she was 26. Answer the questions.

16 3. What was the purpose of her study of the chimps? Her purpose was to help the rest of the world to understand and respect the life of the chimps.

17 4. What did the group do in the morning in the forest? They watched the chimps wake up in the morning in the forest 5. Where did Jane Goodall suggest that the chimps be left? She suggested the chimps should be left in the wild.

18 6. What did she achieve? She discovered that chimps hunt and eat meat, how chimps communicate with each other and worked out their social system.

19 7. What made her a great success? We think that there are two points that mad her successful. One is her way to study chimps, and the other is her true love to the animals. The first one is facile, because it is only a way. Everyone can do it. But for the second one, it is more easily said than done.

20 As a woman, she gave up everything, went to the forest to study the chimps and devoted all her love to these animals. It is really not easy. What we cannot understand is that how she has such great personality.

21 8. What should we learn from Jane Goodall? wisdom and courage deeply love to the animals. her consideration her hard work

22 9. What do you think is the best way to protect wildlife? We should call for all the citizens to love wildlife, protect their living conditions, forbid hunters to kill them freely, build more natural reserves for them and we shouldn’t disturb them. The national wildlife protection parks shouldn't be open to the tourists. Make people aware of the importance of wildlife protection.

23 True or false? 1.The chimps show love in their family by talking each other. 2. She has built many homes for the wild animals to live in. 3. She hopes that chimps can be left in the forest. F T T

24 4. She supposes that people should not use chimps for entertainment. 5. With university training, she has achieved what she wanted. 6. She has spent less than forty years helping people understand her work. F T F

25 1. What did the group do first in the morning? They ____. A. went into the forest slowly B. left the chimp family sleeping in a tree C. observed the family of chimps wake up D. helped people understand the behaviour of the chimps C Choose the correct answers.

26 2. Why did Jane go to Africa to study chimps in the wild? Because she wanted _____. A. to work with them in their own environment B. to prove the way people think about chimps was wrong C. to discover what chimps eat D. to observe a chimp family A

27 3. Jane was permitted to begin her work after ___. A. the chimp family woke up B. she lived in the forest C. her mother came to support her D. she arrived at Gombe C

28 4. The purpose of her study was to ___. A. watch the wild chimps in cages B. gain a doctor’s degree C. understand and respect the lives of chimps D. live in the forest as men can C

29 What did Jane do after she came to Africa? Fill in the chart. 1. Studied chimps in their natural environment 2. Lived in the forest so she could observe the chimps and record their activities 3. Found what chimps eat and their social system 4. Tried to make people aware that it is wrong to use chimps for entertainment or advertisements

30 What did she achieve? 1. Helped to set up special places where chimps can live safely in the wild 2. Got a doctor’s degree 3. Showed that women can live in the forest to study wild animals as men can 4. Inspired others who wanted to cheer the achievements of women

31 The main ideas of each paragraph Paragraph 1: How the group followed Jane’s way of studying chimps in the wild Paragraph 2: What Jane discovered about chimps Paragraph 3: How Jane tries to protect the lives of chimps in their natural habitat Paragraph 4: Jane’s achievements

32 A student of African wildlife ↓ ⑴ ⑵ ⑶ ↓ ⑷ A day in the park Jane’s way to study chimps and her achievement. Her attitude to the animals She has achieved everything she wanted to do.

33 Watching a family of chimps wake up Wander off into the forest (feed, clean each other) The mother chimp and her babies play in the tree Come into mother’s chimp arms, go to sleep together in their nest Para 1 The whole day

34 Details of Para 1: 1.________: our group are all going to visit the _______ in the forest. 2. First activity: ____________________ 3. We sit and wait ______ the animal begin to ________ and move. 4. Then we follow ______ _______________ into the forest. 5. _______________: Jane ______ us that everything will be tired and dirty. 6. But the evening _____________________. 7. ___________: we ____ them _________________in their nest. 5:45am chimps watching … wake up while w ake u p family …wander a s t he By the afternoon warn m akes it worthwhile The e veningsee go to sleep together

35 Para 2 The first thing The second thing The third thing She discovered that chimps hunt and eat meat. She observed chimps as a group hunting a monkey and then eating it. She also discovered how chimps communicate with each other. Discoveries:

36 True or false She hopes that chimps can be left in the forest. She supposes that people should not use chimps for entertainment. Para 3 T T

37 She has spent more than forty years helping people understand her work. She has built many homes for the wild animals to live in. T T

38 Para 4 Working with animals in their own environment. Gaining a doctor’s degree for her studies. Showing that women can live in the forest as men can. The achievement of Jane:

39 The passage is mainly about how Jane Goodall worked with _____________________________ and help people _____________________ __________ of these animals. chimps in their environment understand and respect the life

40 1. Why do you think Jane is called a student of African wildlife? Because she studied animals and learns from them in their own habitat. Discussion

41 2. What did Jane have to give up when she went to live in the forest? She had to give up friends, a social life, boyfriends, fun, going to the cinema, seeing her friends, parties, shopping, etc.

42 3. Do you think it is important to study chimps in the wild rather than in a zoo? Give reasons. Yes, because it is only in their natural environment that chimps will behave naturally.

43 We have a choice to use the gift of our lives to make the world a better place Jane Goodall

44 1. Our group are all going to visit the chimps in the forest. 我们一行人准备去拜访森林里的黑猩猩。 英语中有许多集体名词作主语时, 谓语动词 的单复数要根据集体名词的含义来定。如果 名词表示的是一个整体概念, 谓语动词要用 单数形式 ; 如果名词表示的是集体中的成员, 谓语动词要用复数形式。

45 这类的集体名词有 : class, crew, family, public, government 等。 A committee of five men and three women is to consider the matter. The class were all out for play when class was over.

46 2. behave 1) vi. 行为 ; 举止 她表现出了很大的勇气。 She behaved with great courage. 他对顾客的态度不好。 He _______________ to the customers. 2) vt. & vi. 举止适当或有礼 你应该学会举止得体。 You should learn to behave. behaved badly

47 3) vi. ( 指事物 ) 有某种作用 我的摄像机自从修好后一直很正常。 My camera has been behaving well since it was repaired. 【拓展】 behaviour n. 举止 ; 行为 behave oneself 守规矩 behave well / badly 行为好 / 不好 be on one’s good behavior 举止规矩

48 根据汉语提示完成英语句子。 1) 你今天在晚会上守规矩了吗 ? Did you ______________ at the party today? 2) 这孩子在校行为良好。 The child ____________ at school. behave yourself behaved well

49 3. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our … 今天我们的第一件事是 动名词作主语 主语是由不定式、动名词、从句构成的, 谓语动词采用单数。 Working with you is pleasant. Seeing is believing.

50 4. This means going back to a place where we left the chimp family sleeping in a tree the night before. 1) 由定语从句修饰的 place 做 go 的宾语。 2) leave+ 宾语 +doing “ 让某人做某事 ” keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see, leave... 等动词后常用 V-ing 形式作宾语补足语。如: We found the old lady lying in bed. 我们发现那老太太躺在床上。 Don’t leave her waiting outside in the rain. 不要让她在外面雨中等待着。

51 5. But the evening makes it all worthwhile. 1) worthwhile: adj. 值得 ( 花精力、时间、 金钱做 ) 的 Mandela’ struggle is very worthwhile. That was a worthwhile trip. 那是很有价值的旅行。 It’s worthwhile doing/to do sth. a worthwhile experiment 2) worthful adj. 有价值的, 可贵的 3) worthless adj. 没有价值的, 无用的, 无益的

52 4) worth: adj. 值得的 worth it 有用, 值得 这辆自行车值 50 英镑。 The bicycle is worth £ 50. 这个博物馆 ( 非常 ) 值得参观。 The museum is (well) worth visiting. be (well) worth + n. / doing sth. 5) worthy: adj. 值得的 be worthy to be done be worthy of + being done / n. e.g. He is worthy of our praise.

53 6. we watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. 我们看到黑猩猩妈妈跟她的幼子们在树上 玩耍。 in the tree 指树本身以外的事物或人 附着在树上, 如鸟等动物 ; on the tree 指树本身生长出来的东西, 如果实、花等。

54 7. Jane spent many years observing and recording their daily activities. 1) …spend + …time (in) doing We spent a pleasant hour or two talking with friends. He’s spent half his life writing this book. He has spent three years in prison.

55 2) observe  vi. & vt. 观察注意到 observe + n./pron./sb. doing/do sth/that 从句 这位科学家一生都在观察星星。 The scientist has observed the stars all his life. 我看到一个陌生人正在进办公室。 I observed a stranger go/going into the office. 我注意到班上有几个学生睡着了。 I observed that several students were asleep in class.

56 ② vt. 遵守, 顺从 我们必须遵守交通规则。 We must ______________________. ③ vt. 举行 ( 仪式等 ), 庆祝 ( 节日等 ) 你们国家的人庆祝圣诞节吗? Do you ______________________ in your country? observe 用作被动语态时, 作主语补足语的 不定式须带 to 。 She was observed to enter the bank. 有人注意到她走进银行。 observe the traffic rules observe Christmas Day

57 【拓展】 1) 同根词 : observation n. 观察 ; 监视 observer n. 观察者 ; 遵守者 2) 常见搭配: observe sb do sth 注意到某人做了某事 ( 表示动作全过程 ) observe sb doing sth 注意到某人正在做 某事 ( 表示动作正在进行 ) under observation 在观察中 ; 在监视下

58 8. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. Only + 状语 ( 从句 ), 放在句首时, 主句要 用部分倒装, 即把助动词 do 、 does 或 did/ 动词 / 系动词 be 提到主语前面。 只有这样, 我们才能学好英语。 Only in this way can we learn English better. Only then did we get to know each other better.

59 如果句子为主从复合句, 则主句倒装, 从句 不倒装。 Only after new China was founded was he able to go to school. Only in this way can we learn English better. 但当 only 在句首修饰句子的主语时, 不用倒装 语序。 Only you understand me. 只有你了解我。 Only Mary and Tom failed in the exam.

60 I failed in the final examination last term and only then ____ the importance of studies. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize D

61 9. She also discovered how chimps communicate with each other and her study of their body language helped her work out their social system. 1) I can’t work out the meaning of the poem. 2) Things have worked out badly. 3) Work out his income. 4) Work out a plan. ( 理解, 说出 ) ( 发展, 进行 ) ( 算出 ) ( 制定, 拟订 )

62 10. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. 1) outspoken adj. 直言不讳的 As a former schoolmaster, he has always been outspoken on education issues and a firm supporter of traditional learning methods. 作为前任校长, 他总是就教育问题坦率地 发表意见, 坚定地支持传统的学习方法。

63 2) the rest of: 它之后可以接不可数名词或可数 名词, 但要注意含义, 以便决定后面动词的 单复数形式。 e.g. The rest of the money was given to his son. The rest of the apple was thrown away. The rest of the apples were sent to the nursing home.

64 3) respect 在句中用作动词, 表示 “ 尊重 ; 尊敬 ” 。 e.g. He is a man whom I believe we should respect. 我相信他是个我们应当尊敬的人。 I do not respect him because he often tells lies. 我不尊敬他, 因为他经常撒谎。 【拓展】 respect 还可用作名词, 表示 “ 尊敬 ; 敬重 ” 。 e.g. They have a great respect for his ability. 他们十分尊重他的才能。

65 常见短语 : show respect for 对 …… 表示尊敬 have respect for 尊敬 ; 重视 give ones respects to 向 …… 问候 根据汉语提示, 完成下列句子。 1) All the students ______________ ( 尊敬 ) their history teacher. 2) The professor is a specialist in the research of ancient literature and we all ______________ ( 对 …… 表示尊敬 ) him. have respect for show respect for

66 11. She has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. argue (vt.) +n./clause( 从句 )/sb. to be… 我们据理力争我们应该得到更高的薪水。 We argued __________________________. 他花钱的方式说明他很富有。 The way he spends money ________________. that we should be paid more argues him to be rich

67 argue (vi.) +with sb. about/over sth. 同某人辩论某事 他们正在和同学争论这个问题的解决方法。 They are arguing with their classmates about the solution to the problem. 他们正在争执战争是否正当。 They are arguing with each other about the justice of the war.

68 argue for/against 为反对 …… 而辩论 工人们为争取罢工的权力而辩论。 The workers argued for the right to strike. 一些人为反对自由贸易辩论。 Some people argue against free trade. argue about / over sth 为某事而争论 argue with sb 与某人争论 argue for 为 …… 辩护 argue sb into / out of doing sth 说服某人做 ( 不做 ) 某事 in argument about sth 为某事而争论

69 12. lead a …life 表示 “ 过着 …… 的生活 ” e.g. My parents are retired and now lead a quiet life. 我的父母都退休了, 现在过着安静的生活。 lead to 导致 lead up to 引导到 ; 把 …… 一直引到 lead the way 带路

70 If we want to lead a peaceful life, we cannot help but object to war. 如果我们要过和平的生活, 一定要 反对战争。 We hope to lead a happy life. 我们希望拥有幸福的生活。

71 13. inspire v. 鼓舞 ; 激发 ; 启示 inspired adj. 有灵感的 inspiring adj. 激励人心的 inspiration n. She was an ___________ to all of us. The president made an _________ speech at the meeting yesterday. I am _________ by this book. inspiring inspired inspiration

72 He was an ____ poet at that time and his ____ poems spread through all the country. A. inspired; inspired B. inspiring; inspired C. inspired; inspiring D. inspiring; inspiring D

73 Finish the exercises in Page 4 and Page 5. Make some preparations for the next class. Homework

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